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2009 European Parliament election in the Netherlands

The European Parliament election of 2009 in the Netherlands took place on 4 June 2009. Seventeen parties competed in a D'Hondt type election for the available 25 seats (down from 27). For the first time, all Dutch residents of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba were also entitled to vote in the election.

2009 European Parliament election in the Netherlands

← 2004 4 June 2009 2014 →

25 seats to the European Parliament
Turnout36.75%
  First party Second party Third party
  Camp, Wim van de-9740.jpg Madlenerbarry.JPG MEP Thijs BERMAN, S&D, Netherlands.jpg
Leader Wim van de Camp Barry Madlener Thijs Berman
Party CDA PVV PvdA
Alliance EPP NI PES
Seats won
5 / 25
4 / 25
3 / 25
Seat change 2 Decrease 4 Increase 4 Decrease
Popular vote 913,233 772,746 548,691
Percentage 20.05% 16.97% 12.05%
Swing 4.33% Decrease new 11.60% Decrease

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Johannes Cornelis van Baalen MEP 1 - Diliff.jpg Sophie in 't Veld - Candidate for the European Parliament for D66.jpg Judith-Sargentini-portret.jpg
Leader Hans van Baalen Sophie in 't Veld Judith Sargentini
Party VVD D66 GL
Alliance ALDE ALDE Greens-EFA
Seats won
3 / 25
3 / 25
3 / 25
Seat change 1 Decrease 2 Increase 1 Increase
Popular vote 518,643 515,422 404,020
Percentage 11.39% 11.32% 8.87%
Swing 1.81% Decrease 7.08% Increase 1.53% Increase

  Seventh party Eighth party
  SP kandidaten EU verkiezing 2014 (1) (cropped).jpg Peter van Dalen.JPG
Leader Dennis de Jong Peter van Dalen
Party SP CU-SGP
Alliance EUL/NGL ECR / EFD
Seats won
2 / 25
2 / 25
Seat change 0 Steady 0 Steady
Popular vote 323,269 310,540
Percentage 7.10% 6.82%
Swing 0.13% Increase 0.91% Increase
European UnionNetherlands
Elections, candidates and members
of the European Parliament
for the Netherlands
(1952-58) ECSC delegation
(1958-79) EP delegation
(1979-84) (1st election - candidates - members)
(1984-89) (2nd election - candidates - members)
(1989-94) (3rd election - candidates - members)
(1994-99) (4th election - candidates - members)
(1999-04) (5th election - candidates - members)
(2004-09) (6th election - candidates - members)
(2009-14) (7th election - candidates - members)
(2014-19) (8th election - candidates - members)
(2019-24) (9th election - candidates - members)

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Political co-operationEdit

The Christian Union and SGP formed a common list Christian Union-SGP for the European Parliament election. Moreover, several parties formed an electoral alliance:

  1. CDA/European People's Party and Christian Union-SGP, with 1,223,773 votes
  2. VVD/European Liberal-Democrats and Democrats 66, with 1,034,065 votes
  3. PvdA/European Social-Democrats and GreenLeft, with 952,711 votes

All three alliances would be eligible for a remainder seat, because all the parties involved won a seat in the European Parliament. Without the alliance between the Dutch Labour Party and Greenleft, GreenLeft would have only two seats and PVV would have five seats. The other electoral alliances had no effect on the overall seats awarded.[1]

New electorateEdit

The Netherlands Antilles and Aruba were granted the right to vote in the European Parliament election by a verdict of the Council of State which stated that it is illegal to differentiate in law between people with Dutch nationality in Europe and outside. The government granted all persons of Dutch nationality voting rights for European elections. Before the verdict, only people who had lived in the Netherlands for 10 years or longer were allowed to vote. This ruling increased the number of people entitled to vote by 210,000. Only 20,944 people registered to vote from the islands in this election. The turnout of registered voters in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba was 77% (rest of the world 66%.)[1] This new voting right does not change the position of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. They are not considered to be part of the European Union and they do not need to adopt European law.[2]

Before this election, people placed under a guardian were not allowed to vote. Usually a person has the status of guardian because the ward is incapable of caring for their own interests. A ruling of the Council of State decided that this was not allowed under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. It is not known how many people this affected, as there is no central register for individuals under guardianship.[3]

Treaty of LisbonEdit

Under the Treaty of Lisbon, the Netherlands was to get a 26th seat in the European Parliament. Because this treaty had not yet been ratified by all member states at the time of the elections, this seat could not be given to a party at that time. The State Secretary for the Interior, Ank Bijleveld-Schouten, made a proposal for allocating it if the Lisbon treaty were to be ratified by all member states, but this had not been accepted by parliament at the time of the election. According to the proposal made by the government, the seat would be awarded to the Party for Freedom.

The Party for the Animals contested this proposal, claiming that the minister ignored part of the Electoral Council's opinion. They raised their objection after the official results came in. Under the Electoral Council's opinion, the Party for the Animals should have gained the seat.[4]

Several parties in the States-General had already stated that this changed the election rules after the elections, and, if the rules were to be changed, the opposition had missed their chance by not contesting them before the elections. They had thus de facto agreed to the proposal.[5][6] Advice had been requested from the Council of State on the matter. If the election had been for 26 seats rather than 25 from the start, the 26th seat would have been awarded to the Party for Freedom.[1] On 9 October, the Dutch cabinet announced that the 26th seat would be awarded to the Party for Freedom. This would give them a total of 5 seats when the Lisbon treaty came into effect.[7]

Treaty of NiceEdit

At present, the exact number of seats allocated to each country is determined by the Treaty of Nice, and is adjusted by the accession treaty of each new member. This last adjustment occurred with the enlargement in 2007. Hence no change to the seats occurs without ratification by all member states. According to the treaties, the maximum number of members in the Parliament is 732. However, allocation does not take into account any enlargements to the European Union expected during the Parliamentary term. Hence, when Romania and Bulgaria joined the union in 2007, the number of seats temporarily rose to 785, but later dropped back to 736 at time of the 2009 election. Because of this, the Netherlands had 27 seats in 2004 but only 25 in 2009.

Numbering of the candidates listEdit

The official order and names of candidate lists:

e • d Candidate lists for the European Parliament election in the Netherlands
← 2004 2009 2014 →
Lists
List English translation List name (Dutch)
1 list CDA - European People's Party CDA – Europese Volkspartij
2 list P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats P.v.d.A./Europese Sociaaldemocraten
3 list VVD - European Liberal-Democrats VVD – Europese Liberaal-Democraten
4 list GreenLeft Groenlinks
5 list SP (Socialist Party) SP (Socialistische Partij)
6 list Christian Union-SGP ChristenUnie–SGP
7 list Democrats 66 (D66) Democraten 66 (D66)
8 list Newropeans
9 list Europe Cheap! & Sustainable Europa Voordelig! & Duurzaam
10 list Solidara
11 list Party for the Animals Partij voor de Dieren
12 list European Whistleblower Party (EKP) Europese Klokkenluiders Partij (EKP)
13 list The Greens De Groenen
14 list PVV (Party for Freedom) PVV (Partij voor de Vrijheid)
15 list Liberal Democratic Party Liberaal Democratische Partij
16 list Party for European politics (PEP) Partij voor Europese Politiek (PEP)
17 list Libertas

ResultsEdit

 
Voting ballot

TurnoutEdit

The voter turnout was 36.75%, a little lower than turnout in 2004 (39.26%.) A total of 12,445,497 people were entitled to vote. Of these 4,573,743 did so.

Highest turnouts in municipalities:

  1. Rozendaal: 65.7%
  2. Schiermonnikoog: 58.2%
  3. Bloemendaal: 55.9%
  4. Abcoude: 54.9%
  5. Haren: 54.8%

Lowest turnouts in municipalities:

  1. Rucphen: 22.3%
  2. Reiderland: 26.2%
  3. Reusel-De Mierden: 27.4%
  4. Den Helder: 27.5%
  5. Spijkenisse: 27.9%

Seat assignmentEdit

Electoral quotaEdit

The electoral quota is the number of votes needed for one seat. It is the total valid number of votes divided by the number of seats.
For this election it was 4,553,864 valid votes, divided by 25 seats.
The electoral quota was established as: 182,154

Electoral alliancesEdit

The results of the electoral alliances. Both parties of both alliances reached the electoral quota and are eligible for remainder seats.

Electoral alliance List Number of votes
A
List 1: CDA – European People's Party 913,233
List 6: Christian Union-SGP 310,540
Total 1,223,773
Electoral alliance List Number of votes
B 
List 2: P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats 548,691
List 4: GreenLeft 404,020
Total 952,711
Electoral alliance List Number of votes
C
List 3: VVD - European Liberal-Democrats 518,643
List 7: Democrats 66 (D66) 515,422
Total 1,034,065

Assigning full seatsEdit

Full seats are assigned by number of votes divided by the electoral quota. Electoral alliances are marked as a letter, instead of a number. Any seats left over are not yet assigned to a specific party.

List Party's Number of votes Electoral quota Seats
A (list 1+6) Christian Democratic Appeal + Christian Union-SGP 1,223,773 182,154 6
B (list 2+4) Labour Party + GreenLeft 952,711 182,154 5
C (list 3+7) People's Party for Freedom and Democracy + Democrats 66 1,034,065 182,154 5
5 Socialist Party 323,269 182,154 1
8 Newropeans 19,840 182,154 0
9 Europe Cheap! & Sustainable 4,431 182,154 0
10 Solidara 7,533 182,154 0
11 Party for the Animals 157,735 182,154 0
12 European Whistleblower Party (EKP) 21,448 182,154 0
13 The Greens 8,517 182,154 0
14 Party for Freedom 772,746 182,154 4
15 Liberal Democratic Party 10,757 182,154 0
16 Party for European politics (PEP) 2,427 182,154 0
17 Libertas 14,612 182,154 0
Total 4,553,864 21
Total seats 25
Remaining seats 4

Remainder seatsEdit

The remaining, or left over, seats are awarded sequentially to the lists with the highest average number of votes per seat. Only lists that reached the electoral quota are eligible.

List Remainder seat 1 Remainder seat 2 Remainder seat 3 Remainder seat 4 When NL gets 26 seats Total
A (list 1+6) 174,824 152,971 152,971 152,971 152,971 1
B (list 2+4) 158,785 158,785 158,785 158,785 136,101 1
C (list 3+7) 172,344 172,344 147,723 147,723 147,723 1
5 161,634 161,634 161,634 107,756 107,756 1
14 154,549 154,549 154,549 154,549 154,549 0 (+1)
Assigned to A C 5 B 14

Awarding seats within electoral alliancesEdit

To decide the seats per party for electoral alliances, the combination quota is first determined. Combination quota for electoral alliances are determined by the total number valid votes divided by the awarded seats. The party with the most votes left after the full seats are assigned gets the seat remaining.

List A
For list A, there were 1,223,773 votes divided by 7 seats. The combination quota was established as: 174,824 votes

Electoral alliance List Number of votes Combination quota Full seats Remainder votes Remainder seat Total
A
List 1: CDA – European People's Party 913,233 174,824 5 39,109 0 5
List 6: Christian Union-SGP 310,540 174,824 1 135,715 1 2
Total 1,223,773 7

List B
For list B, there were 952,711 votes divided by 6 seats. The combination quota was established as: 158,785 votes

Electoral alliance List Number of votes Combination quota Full seats Remainder votes Remainder seat Total
B 
List 2: P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats 548,691 158,785 3 72,335 0 3
List 4: GreenLeft 404,020 158,785 2 86,449 1 3
Total 952,711 6

List C
For list C, there were 1,034,065 votes divided by 6 seats. The combination quota was established as: 172,344 votes

Electoral alliance List Number of votes Combination quota Full seats Remainder votes Remainder seat Total
C
List 3: VVD - European Liberal-Democrats 518,643 172,344 3 1,610 0 3
List 7: Democrats 66 (D66) 515,422 172,344 2 170,733 1 3
Total 1,034,065 6

Summary:

Final resultsEdit

The Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) remained the biggest party (5 seats), despite losing 2 seats.
The biggest winners were the Party for Freedom (up 4 seats) and Democrats 66 (up 2). The biggest loser was the Labour Party, which lost more than half its seats (down 4).

e • d Summary of the 4 June 2009 European Parliament election results in the Netherlands
← 2004 2009 2014 →
Lists Votes % Change Seats Change
List English translation List name (Dutch) EU Party EP Group
list CDA - European People's Party CDA – Europese Volkspartij EPP EPP 913,233 20.05 4.33  
5 / 25
2  
list PVV (Party for Freedom) PVV (Partij voor de Vrijheid) none NI 772,746 16.97 new
4 / 25
4(+1) [8] 
list P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats P.v.d.A./Europese Sociaaldemocraten PES S&D 548,691 12.05 11.60  
3 / 25
4  
list VVD - European Liberal-Democrats VVD – Europese Liberaal-Democraten ELDR ALDE 518,643 11.39 1.81  
3 / 25
1  
list Democrats 66 (D66) Democraten 66 (D66) ELDR ALDE 515,422 11.32 7.08  
3 / 25
2  
list GreenLeft GroenLinks EGP Greens-EFA 404,020 8.87 1.53  
3 / 25
1  
list SP (Socialist Party) SP (Socialistische Partij) none EUL/NGL 323,269 7.10 0.13  
2 / 25
0  
list Christian Union-SGP ChristenUnie–SGP ECPM / none ECR / EFD 310,540 6.82 0.91  
2 / 25
0  
list Party for the Animals Partij voor de Dieren none 157,735 3.46 0.32  
0 / 25
0  
list European Whistleblower Party (EKP) Europese Klokkenluiders Partij (EKP) none 21,448 0.47 new
0 / 25
0  
list Newropeans Newropeans none 19,840 0.44 new
0 / 25
0  
list Libertas Libertas Libertas.eu EFD 14,612 0.32 new
0 / 25
0  
list Liberal Democratic Party Liberaal Democratische Partij none 10,757 0.24 new
0 / 25
0  
list The Greens De Groenen EGP Greens-EFA 8,517 0.19 new
0 / 25
0  
list Solidara none 7,533 0.17 new
0 / 25
0  
list Europe Cheap! & Sustainable Europa Voordelig! & Duurzaam none 4,431 0.10 new
0 / 25
0  
list Party for European politics (PEP) Partij voor Europese Politiek (PEP) none 2,427 0.05 new
0 / 25
0  
Valid votes 4,553,864 99.56 0.20  
Blank votes 10,013 0.22
Invalid votes 9,866 0.22
Totals 4,573,743 100.00 25 2  
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 12,445,497 36.75 2.51  
Source: [9][10]


European groupsEdit

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe became the biggest group in the Netherlands, after an electoral loss for the parties in European People's Party–European Democrats and European Socialists group.

The European Greens–European Free Alliance lost a seat, despite GreenLeft winning a seat. This was because Europe Transparent, which sat in the European Greens-EFA group, did not take part in this election. Newcomer Party for Freedom is not part of a European group and is under Non-Inscrits. The Christian Union-SGP was in the Independence/Democracy group, but this group did not meet the requirements to be a group in the European Parliament and was dissolved. The Christian Union and SGP entered talks with the European Conservatives after the elections. The SGP was asked to change their stance on women's issues, but declined. After that the Christian Union joined the European Conservatives on its own. After 25 years of co-operation, the Christian Union and Reformed Political Party split into two groups in the European parliament.

e • d Summary of the 4 June 2009 European Parliament elections in the Netherlands
← 2004 2009 2014 →
European group Seats 2004 Seats 2009 Change
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe ALDE 5 6 1  
European People's Party EPP 7 5 2  
Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats S&D 7 3 4  
The Greens–European Free Alliance Greens-EFA 4 3 1  
European United Left–Nordic Green Left EUL-NGL 2 2 0  
European Conservatives and Reformists ECR 0 1 1  
Europe of Freedom and Democracy EFD 2 1 1  
Non-Inscrits NI 0 4(+1) 4(+1)  
27 25(+1) 2(+1)  

Elected membersEdit

Twenty members were elected by preference vote. Twenty-four people got this amount,[1] but not all could be appointed because either the party did not get enough seats or they got no seats.

Below are all the elected members of European parliament for the Netherlands. Members elected by preference votes are in bold. The following 25 MEPs were officially announced by the Central Electoral Commission on 11 June 2009:[1]

Christian Democratic Appeal

  1. Wim van de Camp, 579,775 votes (top candidate)
  2. Ria Oomen-Ruijten, 70,388 votes
  3. Corien Wortmann-Kool, 48,270 votes
  4. Esther de Lange, 43,406 votes
  5. Lambert van Nistelrooij, 41,846 votes

Party for Freedom

  1. Barry Madlener, 372,060 votes (top candidate)
  2. Geert Wilders, 334,846 votes (has announced that he will not claim his seat)[11]
  3. Louis Bontes, 6,751 votes
  4. Daniël van der Stoep, 5,650 votes

Dutch Labour Party

  1. Thijs Berman, 372,060 votes (top candidate)
  2. Emine Bozkurt, 66,385 votes
  3. Judith Merkies, 18,553 votes

People's Party for Freedom and Democracy

  1. Hans van Baalen, 367,796 votes (top candidate)
  2. Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, 52,184 votes
  3. Toine Manders, 34,973 votes

Democrats 66

  1. Sophie in 't Veld, 433,957 votes (top candidate)
  2. Marietje Schaake, 18,662 votes
  3. Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, 18,107 votes

GreenLeft

  1. Judith Sargentini, 321,744 votes (top candidate)
  2. Bas Eickhout, 13,782 votes
  3. Marije Cornelissen, 14,486 votes

Socialist Party

  1. Dennis de Jong, 194,359 votes (top candidate)
  2. Kartika Liotard, 32,426 votes

ChristianUnion – Reformed Political Party

  1. Peter van Dalen (ChristianUnion), 209,947 votes (top candidate)
  2. Bastiaan Belder (Reformed Political Party), 53,450 votes

Members not elected, but enough preference votes:

MEPs in 2009–2014Edit

Below is a list of members of the European Parliament for the period 2009–2014 as a result of this election.

e • d MEPs for the Netherlands elected to the 7th European Parliament session
← 2004-2009 2009-2014 2014-2019 →
Name Sex National party EP Group Period Preference vote
Hans van Baalen Male      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      ALDE 14 July 2009 – 367,796
Bas Belder Male      Reformed Political Party      EFD 20 July 1999 – 53,450
Thijs Berman Male      Labour Party      S&D 20 July 2004 – 1 July 2014 372,060
Louis Bontes [12] Male      Party for Freedom      NI 14 July 2009 – 17 June 2010 6,751
Emine Bozkurt Female      Labour Party      S&D 20 July 2004 – 1 July 2014 66,385
Wim van de Camp Male      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 14 July 2009 – 579,775
Marije Cornelissen Female      GreenLeft      G–EFA 14 July 2009 – 1 July 2014 14,486
Peter van Dalen Male      Christian Union      ECR 14 July 2009 – 209,947
Bas Eickhout Male      GreenLeft      G–EFA 14 July 2009 – 13,782
Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy Male      Democrats 66      ALDE 14 July 2009 – 18,107
Lucas Hartong Male      Party for Freedom      NI 22 June 2010 - 1 July 2014 2,571
Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert [13] Female      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      ALDE 20 July 2004 – 17 June 2010 52,184
Dennis de Jong Male      Socialist Party      EUL–NGL 14 July 2009 – 194,359
Patricia van der Kammen Female      Party for Freedom      NI 27 September 2012 - 1 July 2014 12,409
Esther de Lange Female      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 12 April 2007 – 43,406
Kartika Liotard [14] Female      Socialist Party (2009–2010) /      Independent      EUL–NGL 20 July 2004 – 1 July 2014 32,426
Barry Madlener [15] Male      Party for Freedom      NI 14 July 2009 – 20 September 2012 372,060
Toine Manders [16] Male      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (2009–2013) /      Independent      ALDE 20 July 1999 – 1 July 2014 34,973
Judith Merkies Female      Labour Party      S&D 14 July 2009 – 1 July 2014 18,553
Jan Mulder Male      People's Party for Freedom and Democracy      ALDE 19 July 1994 – 14 July 2009
22 June 2010 – 1 July 2014
12,884
Lambert van Nistelrooij Male      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 20 July 2004 – 41,846
Ria Oomen-Ruijten Female      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 25 July 1989 – 1 July 2014 70,388
Judith Sargentini Female      GreenLeft      G–EFA 14 July 2009 – 321,744
Marietje Schaake Female      Democrats 66      ALDE 14 July 2009 – 18,662
Laurence Stassen [17] [18] Female      Party for Freedom (2009–2014) /      Independent      NI 14 July 2009 – 1 July 2014 17,880
Daniël van der Stoep [19] Male      Party for Freedom (2009–2011) /      Independent      NI 14 July 2009 – 1 September 2011
15 December 2011 - 1 July 2014
5,650
Sophie in 't Veld Female      Democrats 66      ALDE 20 July 2004 – 433,957
Corien Wortmann-Kool Female      Christian Democratic Appeal      EPP 20 July 2004 – 1 July 2014 48,270
Auke Zijlstra Male      Party for Freedom      NI 13 September 2011 - 1 July 2014
7 September 2015 -
3,617

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Uitslag verkiezing van de leden van het Europees Parlement van 4 juni 2009 Archived 14 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine Turnout in Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
  2. ^ Europees kiesrecht in Aruba en Nederlandse Antillen Dutch allowed to vote on the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
  3. ^ Core data for 2009 elections Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Dutch parliament asks advice from Council of State Archived 21 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine in NRC
  5. ^ Dutch labour party wants remainder seat for Party for Freedom in Telegraaf
  6. ^ Junior minister says: remainder seat "de facto" for Party for Freedom in Trouw
  7. ^ PVV krijgt vijfde zetel in Europarlement on Nu.nl
  8. ^ After ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon by all member states. http://www.volkskrant.nl/politiek/extra-zetel-europees-parlement-naar-pvv~a365575/
  9. ^ Verkiezingsuitslagen van de kiesraad
  10. ^ Minutes Dutch EP election 2009 in .pdf and Dutch
  11. ^ Laurenca Stassen replaces Geert Wilders in EP Archived 11 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine TcTubantia (in Dutch)
  12. ^ Resigned in 2010, became a member of the Dutch Parliament (House of Representatives) after the 2010 election. Replaced by Lucas Hartong on 22 June 2010.
  13. ^ Resigned in 2010, became a member of the Dutch Parliament (House of Representatives) after the 2010 election. Replaced by Jan Mulder on 22 June 2010.
  14. ^ Withdrew her membership of the Socialist Party on 1 June 2010 after internal conflicts in the Socialist Party. Sits as an independent while still part of the EUL-NGL.
  15. ^ Resigned in 2012, became a member of the Dutch Parliament (House of Representatives) after the 2012 election. Replaced by Patricia van der Kammen on 27 September 2012.
  16. ^ Withdrew his membership of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy on 17 October 2013 to run as party leader of 50PLUS in the European Parliament election, 2014. Sits as an independent, while still part of the ALDE.
  17. ^ Geert Wilders, as "party list pusher" was chosen on the number of preferences votes, however he declined to join the European Parliament. Stassen took up his seat.
  18. ^ Withdrew her membership of the Party for Freedom on 21 March 2014 after allegedly discriminatory remarks by party leader Wilders. Sits as an independent.
  19. ^ Resigned in 2011 because he caused a car crash while drunk driving. Replaced by Auke Zijlstra on 13 September 2011. Van der Stoep returned to the Parliament in December 2011 because of seat increases provided for by the Treaty of Lisbon. As the first candidate on the Party for Freedom election list who did not have a seat in the European Parliament he was allowed to return to the Parliament. However, the Party for Freedom did not allow him to rejoin their delegation, and he currently sits as an independent.