2018 in Bangladesh

2018 (MMXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2018th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 18th year of the 3rd millennium, the 18th year of the 21st century, and the 9th year of the 2010s decade.

Flag of Bangladesh.svg
2018
in
Bangladesh

Centuries:
Decades:
See also:Other events of 2018
List of years in Bangladesh

The year 2018 was the 47th year after the independence of Bangladesh. It was also the fifth year of the third term of the Government of Sheikh Hasina.

IncumbentsEdit

Abdul
Hamid
Sheikh
Hasina
Shirin
Sharmin

DemographyEdit

Demographic Indicators for Bangladesh in 2018[1]
Population, total 159,670,593
Population density (per sq. km) 1,226.6
Population growth (annual %) 1.1%
Male to Female Ratio (every 100 Female) 102.6
Urban population (% of total) 35.9%
Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people) 18.5
Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people) 5.5
Mortality rate, under 5 (per 1,000 live births) 31.9
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 72.1
Fertility rate, total (births per woman) 2.1

EconomyEdit

Key Economic Indicators for Bangladesh in 2018[1]
National Income
Current US$ Current BDT % of GDP
GDP $249.7 billion BDT19.8 trillion
GDP growth (annual %) 7.3%
GDP per capita $1,564.0 BDT123,743
Agriculture, value added $33.5 billion BDT2.7 trillion 13.4%
Industry, value added $69.3 billion BDT5.5 trillion 27.8%
Services, etc., value added $.0 billion BDT0.0 trillion .0%
Balance of Payment
Current US$ Current BDT % of GDP
Current account balance -$6.0 billion -2.4%
Imports of goods and services $56.8 billion BDT4.0 trillion 20.3%
Exports of goods and services $39,170.4 million BDT3.0 trillion 15.0%
Foreign direct investment, net inflows $1,810.4 million 0.7%
Personal remittances, received $13,501.9 million 5.4%
Total reserves (includes gold) at year end $33,431.5 million
Total reserves in months of imports 6.8

Note: For the year 2018 average official exchange rate for BDT was 80.44 per US$.

EventsEdit

  • 10 January - Tablighi Jamaat holds a mass blockade protesting against and preventing the entry of Indian Scholar Maulana Saad Kandhalvi to the holy Islamic gathering for the Bishwa Ijtema, who is forced to return home in face of the protests.[2]
  • 8 February - Ex Prime Minister and BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia as per court verdict is jailed for 5 years in the Zia Charitable Trust corruption case. She is imprisoned in old Dhaka Central Jail located in Nazimuddin Road.[3]
  • 11 April - The Prime Minister announced the abolition of Quota system in Government recruitment in response to Bangladesh Quota Reform Protests 2018.
  • 5 May - Unidentified gunmen ambushed and assassinated 5 people in Rangamati district, including UPDF leader Tapan Jyoti Chakma. It is suspected the attack was caused by internal conflicts between rival Chackma factions. This is the deadliest such incident involving the indigenous tribal Chackma people since the signing of the Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord in 1997.[4][5]
  • 26 May- Kazi Nazrul Islam University of West Bengal awarded PM Sheikh Hasina with Doctorate of Literature.
  • 23 June - 52 people are killed in road accident in a single day as people were returning from Eid Vacation. This is the country's highest reported number of casualties from a road crash in a single day in recent times.[6]
  • 29 July - 8 August - On 29 July two college students are killed and nine others injured when a reckless driving Bus hit them in the capital Dhaka. Students all over the city carried out mass protests demanding punishment of the culprits and to put an end to reckless driving in the country.[7]
  • 22 September - In a massive rally, the newly formed coalition Jatiya Oikya Front, a platform led by Dr Kamal Hossain, issued an ultimatum from the rally for the three-point demand to be met by 30 September. The demands include: 1. Formation of a polls-time neutral government, 2. effective steps for reconstituting the Election Commission, 3. dissolution of parliament before the announcement of the election schedule. Several top leaders of the main opposition party BNP showed their support and shared the stage with Dr Kamal Hossain and his alliance at a citizens' rally in the capital and vowed joint movement to accomplish the three-point demands.[8][9]
  • 10 October - Court verdict against the 2004 grenade attack is given. Top BNP leaders Lutfuzzaman Babar was given the death penalty and Tariqe Rahman was given life term imprisonment. BNP rejected the verdict and carried out protests against it.[10]
  • 30 December - The 2018 Bangladeshi general election were held, with a decisive victory for ruling party Bangladesh Awami League.[11]

Awards and RecognitionsEdit

Independence Day AwardEdit

Eighteen people were awarded.[13]

Recipients Area Note
Quazi Zakir Hasan independence and liberation war posthumous
SMA Rashidul Hasan independence and liberation war posthumous
Sankar Govinda Chowdhury independence and liberation war posthumous
Sultan Mahmud independence and liberation war
M Abdur Rahim independence and liberation war posthumous
Bhupati Bhushan Chowdhury independence and liberation war posthumous
Lieutenant Mohammad Anwarul Azim independence and liberation war posthumous
Humayun Rashid Choudhury independence and liberation war posthumous
Amanullah Asaduzzaman independence and liberation war posthumous
Matiur Rahman Mallik independence and liberation war posthumous
Sergeant Zahrul Haq independence and liberation war posthumous
Amzadul Haq independence and liberation war
AK M D Ahsan Ali medicine
AK Azad Khan social service
Selina Hossain literature
M Abdul Mazid food security
Asaduzzaman Noor culture
Shykh Seraj agricultural journalism

Ekushey PadakEdit

The award was given to 21 persons.[14]

  1. AZM Takiullah (language movement)
  2. Mirza Mazharul Islam (language movement)
  3. Sheikh Sadi Khan (music)
  4. Shujeo Shyam (music)
  5. Indra Mohan Rajbongshi (music)
  6. Khurshid Alam (music)
  7. Motiul Haque Khan (music)
  8. Minu Haque (dance)
  9. Humayun Faridi (acting)
  10. Nikhil Sen (drama)
  11. Kalidas Karmakar (fine arts)
  12. Golam Mostofa (photography)
  13. Ranesh Maitra (journalism)
  14. Zulekha Haque (research)
  15. Muinul Islam (economics)
  16. Ilias Kanchan (social service)
  17. Syed Manzoorul Islam (language and literature)
  18. Saiful Islam Khan (poet Hayat Saef) (language and literature)
  19. Subrata Barua (language and literature)
  20. Rabiul Hussain (language and literature)
  21. Khalekdad Chowdhury (language and literature)

SportsEdit

DeathsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "World Development Indicators". The World Bank. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Tabligh-Jamaat demo halts Dhaka traffic". thedailystar.net. 10 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Khaleda lands in jail for corruption". thedailystar.net. 8 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Gun attack kills 5 in Rangamati". thedailystar.net. 5 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Shooting at Naniarchar: 'Attackers came in 2 groups; target was Tapan'". thedailystar.net. 6 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Deadliest day for travellers". 24 June 2018.
  7. ^ Sugam Pokharel; Farid Ahmed; Bard Wilkinson. "Bangladesh protests: How students brought Dhaka to a halt". CNN.
  8. ^ "Greater unity taking shape". 23 September 2018.
  9. ^ "Will Jatiya Oikya Prokriya be a game changer in election 2018?". 24 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Grenade attack in 2004 was designed to 'obliterate' Awami League, says judge".
  11. ^ "World leaders congratulate Sheikh Hasina". January 2019.
  12. ^ Ray, Neil (15 July 2018). "Jawad wins gold at IMO". The Financial Express. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
  13. ^ "2 more named for Independence Award". The Daily Star. 2018-03-20. Retrieved 2018-04-13.
  14. ^ "21 named for Ekushey Padak". The Daily Star. 2018-02-09. Retrieved 2018-02-09.
  15. ^ "Bangladesh is now able to beat any team in T20s, says Shakib".
  16. ^ "Cheers from Changlimithang". 8 October 2018.
  17. ^ "Bangladesh defeat Pakistan to win 2018 U15 SAFF Championships | SAMAA".
  18. ^ "From a 151-run loss to a 218-run win: Joy or relief?". 16 November 2018.
  19. ^ "Former adviser to caretaker government Dhiraj Kumar Nath dies at 73". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  20. ^ "Oral saline inventor no more". 6 March 2018.
  21. ^ "Ex-president Dr Iajuddin's wife Anwara Begum dies". 22 April 2018.
  22. ^ "Former BNP minister M Shamsul Islam dies". 26 April 2018.
  23. ^ "Prof Mustafa Nur-Ul Islam passes away". 10 May 2018.
  24. ^ "Actress Tazin Ahmed dies of heart attack".
  25. ^ "Ex-NSU VC Hafiz GA Siddiqi dies". 22 May 2018.
  26. ^ Actress Rani Sarkar passes away
  27. ^ "Former minister Kalparanjan Chakma dies at 100".
  28. ^ Independent, The. "Ex-whip Mostafa Suja passes away".
  29. ^ "Rock's leading light goes out". 18 October 2018.
  30. ^ "Amjad Hossain passes away". 15 December 2018.