1997 in Bangladesh

1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1997th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 997th year of the 2nd millennium, the 97th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1990s decade.

Flag of Bangladesh.svg

See also:Other events of 1997
List of years in Bangladesh

The year 1997 was the 26th year after the independence of Bangladesh. It was also the second year of the first term of the Government of Sheikh Hasina.




Demographic Indicators for Bangladesh in 1997[2]
Population, total 123,854,640
Population density (per km2) 951.5
Population growth (annual %) 2.1%
Male to Female Ratio (every 100 Female) 104.3
Urban population (% of total) 22.4%
Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people) 29.6
Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people) 7.7
Mortality rate, under 5 (per 1,000 live births) 102.7
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 63.3
Fertility rate, total (births per woman) 3.5


Climate data for Bangladesh in 1997
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.1
Average precipitation mm (inches) 9.6
Source: Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia (UEA)[3]


A powerful cyclone caused widespread damage and loss of life throughout Bangladesh in May. Originating from a near-equatorial trough on 15 May 1997, the cyclone tracked in a general northward direction throughout its existence. The system gradually intensified over the following days, reaching the equivalent of a Category 1 hurricane on the Saffir–Simpson scale by 17 May. The following day, the storm attained its peak intensity with winds of 215 km/h (135 mph) according to the JTWC and 165 km/h (105 mph) according to the IMD along with a barometric pressure of 964 mbar (hPa; 28.47 inHg). On 19 May, the cyclone made landfall near Chittagong, Bangladesh before rapidly dissipating the next day.


Key Economic Indicators for Bangladesh in 1997[2]
National Income
Current US$ Current BDT % of GDP
GDP $48.2 billion BDT2,060.0 billion
GDP growth (annual %) 4.5%
GDP per capita $389.5 BDT16,633
Agriculture, value added $11.2 billion BDT478.9 billion 24.5%
Industry, value added $10.5 billion BDT450.4 billion 23.0%
Services, etc., value added $24.1 billion BDT1,028.7 billion 52.5%
Balance of Payment
Current US$ Current BDT % of GDP
Current account balance -$286.3 million -.6%
Imports of goods and services $7,834.4 million BDT325.6 billion 15.8%
Exports of goods and services $5,527.2 million BDT216.7 billion 10.5%
Foreign direct investment, net inflows $139.4 million 0.3%
Personal remittances, received $1,526.5 million 3.2%
Total reserves (includes gold) at year end $1,610.8 million
Total reserves in months of imports 2.4

Note: For the year 1997 average official exchange rate for BDT was 43.89 per US$.


Awards and RecognitionsEdit

Independence Day AwardEdit

Recipients Area Note
Munshi Siddique Ahmed science and technology
Nurul Islam medical science
Kabir Chowdhury education
Abdul Matin education
Sufia Kamal literature
Shawkat Osman literature
Abdul Alim music posthumous
Jahanara Imam social work
Syed Mohammad Hossein social work
Dhirendranath Datta language and independence movements posthumous

Ekushey PadakEdit

  1. Abu Ishaque (literature)
  2. Novera Ahmed (sculpture)
  3. Nitun Kundu (sculpture)
  4. Debu Bhattacharya (music)
  5. Runu Biswas (dance)
  6. Razia Khan (education)
  7. Serajul Huq (education)
  8. Shabnam Mustari (music)
  9. Santosh Gupta (journalism)
  10. Monajatuddin (journalism)[7]
  11. Momtazuddin Ahmed (drama)


Akram Khan
    • The third and final SAARC Quadrangular was held in Dhaka in February 1997. The Pakistan 'A' team, led by Asif Mujtaba, won the trophy after beating India 'A' in a rain affected final. Bangladesh could not win any matches in this tournament.[10]
    • The 1997 ICC Trophy played in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia between 24 March and 13 April 1997 was the qualification tournament for the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Bangladesh, captained by Akram Khan (pictured), were the winners of the tournament, defeating Kenya in the final, while Scotland won the third place play-off. These three teams took the three available spots in the World Cup, Bangladesh and Scotland both qualifying for this tournament for the first time.
    • The Bangladesh national cricket team toured New Zealand in November and December 1997 and played four first-class and four List A matches against teams representing the northern, central and southern regions of New Zealand. Bangladesh had been playing List A matches since 1986, but the four first-class matches on this tour were the first first-class matches played by any Bangladeshi team. However, Bangladesh team was not competitive in the longer version of the game against the stronger NZ regional teams.



See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Rajshahi University. Institute of Bangladesh Studies (1999). The Journal of the Institute of Bangladesh Studies. Institute of Bangladesh Studies, University of Rajshahi. p. 72.
  2. ^ a b "World Development Indicators". The World Bank. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Climate Change Knowledge Portal". The World Bank Group. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Significant Earthquakes of the World". Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  5. ^ Mohsin, Amena (2012). "Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord, 1997". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  6. ^ "Many injured during strike over Bangladesh peace accord". BBC News. 7 December 1997.
  7. ^ Maniruzzaman, Muhammad (2012). "Monajatuddin". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  8. ^ "List of Champions". Atsushi Fujioka for Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  9. ^ "Bangladesh – List of Cup Winners". Ian King, Hans Schöggl and Erlan Manaschev for Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  10. ^ The Home of CricketArchive CricketArchive SAARC Quadrangular 1996–97 (Retrieved on 19 September 2009) Archived 22 September 2009 at WebCite
  11. ^ Hoque, Kazi Ebadul (2012). "Sayem, Justice Abusadat Mohammad". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  12. ^ Waheed, Karim (11 December 2007). "Khan Ataur Rahman: The eternal bohemian". The Daily Star. Retrieved 27 December 2015.