2013 National Games of China
The 12th National Games of China were held in the northeastern province of Liaoning from 31 August to 12 September 2013. Liaoning was the sixth provincial level host of the games, following Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Jiangsu and Shandong. A total of 350 events in 31 sports were held at the games.
|Host city||Many in Liaoning|
|Events||350 in 31 sports|
|Opening ceremony||31 August 2013|
|Closing ceremony||12 September 2013|
|Officially opened by||Xi Jinping (Chinese President)|
|Officially closed by||Li Keqiang (Chinese Premier)|
|Athlete's Oath||Sun Yujie|
|Judge's Oath||Wong Lap|
|Torch lighter||12 children|
|Main venue||Shenyang Olympic Sports Center Stadium|
For the second time in the games history, the selection of the host province/municipality in 2013 was made on the basis of bidding process (similar to the process undertaken to select the Olympic Games host city). The sports secretaries and officials from every province, municipality and autonomous region cast their votes in a secret ballot. The winning entry must receive a majority of the votes cast.
In the 12th National Games bidding process, Liaoning, Tianjin, Zhejiang and Hubei were the candidates. Each committee made a 20-minute presentation to the officials. In the first round of voting, Hubei with the lowest number of votes at 2 was eliminated while Liaoning received the highest at 38. In the second and final round, Liaoning won in a landslide victory with 43 votes with Tianjin and Zhejiang at 24 and 11 votes, respectively.
The Lioaning organisers settled on a blue and white harbor seal called Ningning (Chinese: 宁宁) as the official mascot for the games. The harbor seal is a frequent sight in Liaodong Bay as it is the country's only nature reserve for the animals.
A total of 117 facilities were involved in the games, 25 of which were purpose built to host the games. Among them 64 were competition venues and 53 were for training. There was an emphasis on using pre-existing venues for the games and some of the newly developed venues were earmarked for public usage after the competitions. Unlike many other multi-sport events, which typically focus around a host city, the 12th Chinese Games held events in many cities within the host province, Liaoning. Shenyang contained the principal venue, the Shenyang Olympic Sports Center Stadium, where the opening and closing ceremonies were held. Other cities involved in the games were Anshan, Benxi, Chaoyang, Dalian, Dandong, Fushun, Huludao, Jinzhou, Liaoyang, Panjin, Tieling and Yingkou.
- Shenyang Olympic Sports Center Stadium (athletics, opening and closing ceremonies)
- Dalian Municipal swimming pool (fencing, modern pentathlon, swimming)
- Anshan Olympic stadium (men's football, table tennis)
- Anshan Olympic swimming pool (water polo)
- Anshan Olympic oval (handball)
- Waters near Fushun City People's Square (open water swimming)
- Benxi City Stadium (women's basketball)
- Benxi City Highway (road cycling)
- Dandong City Sports Center Stadium (women's basketball)
- Jinzhou Marina Sports Center Stadium (badminton)
- Jinzhou International Convention and Exhibition Center Gymnasium (boxing)
- Near Shanhai Square, Yingkou (beach volleyball)
- Yingkou Olympic Stadium (men's basketball)
- Yingkou (marathon)
- Fuxin City Stadium (basketball)
- Liaoyang City Stadium (wushu, sanshou)
- Tieling Normal University Gymnasium (volleyball)
- Chaoyang City Stadium (volleyball)
- Panjin City Olympic Stadium (women's football, volleyball)
- Huludao Olympic Stadium (trampoline gymnastics)
Although the opening ceremony is scheduled for 31 August 2013, a number of events are scheduled to take place before that date.
The first medals were awarded in the racewalking events, which are part of the athletics programme and were held on 10, 11 and 12 May. Wu Qianlong won the men's 50 kilometres walk and Wang Zhen won the men's 20 kilometre walk. A photo finish was needed for the women's 20 km walk and Lu Xiuzhi was declared the winner ahead of Liu Hong.
Key: † = New sport
A total of 9770 athletes from 39 delegations took part in the competition (fewer than both the 2005 and 2009 editions). Among the delegations were 4 municipalities, 22 provincial teams and 5 autonomous regions. Further to this, the People's Liberation Army sent a team, and six sports association teams were entered (generally associations from specific industry groupings or large organisations).
Like the previous games, the medal table did not only include the medals obtained from the games, but also included the medals obtained during the Olympics and Asian Games.
|5||People's Liberation Army||45||38||37||120||2327|
|28||Civil Defence and Police Sports Association||2||3||3||8||102|
|34||Railways Sports Association||0||0||1||1||51|
|35||Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps||0||0||1||1||22.5|
|37||China Coal Sports Association||0||0||0||0||5.5|
- 全运会开闭幕时间确定策划方案形成 火炬传递获批准 (National Games opening and closing times decided) (in Chinese). Sina. Retrieved on 2013-05-13.
- 2013年第十二届全国运动会 主办权确认落户辽宁 (12th National Games 2013 bid settled as Liaoning confirmed as hosts) (in Chinese). Sohu (2009-03-18). Retrieved on 2013-05-13.
- 遼寧獲得第十二運舉辦權 建國後首次舉辦全運會[permanent dead link] (in Chinese). CNS.hk. Retrieved on 2013-05-13.
- 第十二届全运会吉祥物--宁宁 (12th National Games mascot - Ningning) (in Chinese). Liaoning2013 (2012-06-02). Retrieved on 2013-05-13.
- 第十二届全运会新建的场馆只占五分之一 (in Chinese). Liaoning 2013 (2013-07-26). Retrieved on 2013-09-11.
- 第十二届全运会官网>>场馆与项目>>全运场馆 (in Chinese). Liaoning2013. Retrieved on 2013-09-11.
- Jalava, Mirko (2013-05-12). Wang, Wu and Lu the winners at China's National Games walks. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-05-13.
- Delegations Archived 2013-09-18 at the Wayback Machine. Liaoning2013. Retrieved on 2013-09-11.
- Medal tally (in Chinese)