2009 United Kingdom budget
The 2009 United Kingdom Budget, officially known as Budget 2009: Building Britain's Future, was formally delivered by Alistair Darling in the House of Commons on 22 April 2009. It introduced new tax, spending and debt rises in a financial environment of rising unemployment and recession.
|Presented||22 April 2009|
|Total revenue||£496 billion‡ (29% of 2008 GDP)|
|Total expenditures||£671 billion (40% of 2008 GDP)|
|Deficit||£175 billion (10.5% of 2008 GDP)|
|Website||Budget 2009: Building Britain's Future|
|‡Numbers in italics are projections.
To stimulate the motor industry, a £2,000 scrappage allowance was announced for a car more than 10 years old, if it is traded in for a new car and if it has been in the car buyer's ownership for the previous 12 months. £1,000 of this is to be provided by the government, and £1,000 by a motor manufacturer. The scheme started about mid-May 2009 and was planned to finish at the end of February 2010; however, before it was due to end, it was extended by one month, to the end of March 2010.
For high earners, a 50% tax band was announced for earners of over £150,000 per year to start in April 2010, and tax relief on pension contributions was reduced progressively from 40% to 20% for annual incomes between £150,000 and £180,000 and to 20% above £180,000 commencing April 2011.
Starting in April 2010, those with annual incomes over £100,000 would see their Personal allowance reduced by £1 for every £2 earned over £100,000, until the Personal allowance was reduced to zero, which (in 2010) would occur at an income of £112,950. This had the effect of creating an anomalous effective 60% marginal tax rate in the income band between £100,000 and £112,950, with the marginal tax rate returning to 40% above £112,950. As the Personal allowance has grown over the years, this has resulted in a corresponding increase in the size of the anomalous effective 60% tax band. As of 2018, the effective 60% marginal tax rate now arises for incomes between £100,000 and £123,700.
For savers, limits in Individual Savings Account (ISA) accounts were increased in two phases to a total of £10,200, including an additional £1,500 to the previous upper limit of £3,600 in a cash ISA. The first phase is for those over age 50 years, who can contribute additional amounts from 6 October 2009.
|Receipts||2009-10 Revenues (£bn)|
|Value Added Tax (VAT)||64|
|Total Government revenue||496|
|Department||2009-10 Expenditure (£bn)|
|Public order and safety||35|
|Personal social services||31|
|Housing and Environment||29|
|Industry, agriculture and employment||20|
|Total Government spending||671|
- "At-a-glance: Budget 2009". BBC. 22 April 2009. Archived from the original on 25 April 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2009.
- Wright, Ben (22 April 2009). "Budget signals new political era". BBC. Archived from the original on 25 April 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2009.
- "Car Scrappage Scheme Extended!". www.carscrappage.co.uk. 2010. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
- "Pensions blow for higher earners". BBC. 22 April 2009. Archived from the original on 25 April 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2009.
|Wikinews has related news: Darling announces UK budget for 2009|
- Budget 2009: Building Britain's future, HM Treasury web page (now at The National Archives)
- "Budget 2009 speech in full". BBC. 22 April 2009. Archived from the original on 24 April 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2009.
- "Complete Budget report" (pdf). Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 May 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2009.
- "Pie chart showing both Departmental expenditure and revenue sources for 2009". Daily Mail. Retrieved 25 March 2010.