2002 German federal election

The 2002 German federal election was held on 22 September 2002 to elect the members of the 15th Bundestag. Incumbent Chancellor Gerhard Schröder's centre-left "red-green" governing coalition retained a narrow majority, although the SPD retained their status as the largest party in the Bundestag.

2002 German federal election

← 1998 22 September 2002 (2002-09-22) 2005 →

All 603 seats in the Bundestag
302 seats needed for a majority
Registered61,432,868 Increase 1.1%
Turnout48,582,761 (79.1%)[1] Decrease 3.1 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Gerhardschroeder01.jpg Edmund Stoiber 2.jpg Fischer und Paul Wolfowitz (Headshot).jpg
Leader Gerhard Schröder Edmund Stoiber Joschka Fischer
Party SPD CDU/CSU Green
Leader since 12 March 1999 11 January 2002[a]
Leader's seat Lower Saxony Bavaria[b] Hesse
Last election 298 seats, 40.9% 245 seats, 35.1% 47 seats, 6.7%
Seats won 251 248 55
Seat change Decrease 47 Increase 3 Increase 8
Popular vote 18,488,668 18,482,641 4,110,355
Percentage 38.5% 38.5% 8.6%
Swing Decrease 2.4% Increase 3.3% Increase 1.9%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Guido Westerwelle 2007 (cropped).jpg Foto von Gabi Zimmer.jpg
Leader Guido Westerwelle Gabi Zimmer
Party FDP PDS
Leader since 4 May 2001 14 October 2000
Leader's seat North Rhine-Westphalia
Last election 43 seats, 6.2% 36 seats, 5.1%
Seats won 47 2
Seat change Increase 4 Decrease 34
Popular vote 3,538,815 1,916,702
Percentage 7.4% 4.0%
Swing Increase 1.1% Decrease 1.1%

2002 German federal election - Results by constituency.svg
The left side shows constituency winners of the election by their party colours. The right side shows Party list winners of the election for the additional members by their party colours.

Chancellor before election

Gerhard Schröder
SPD

Elected Chancellor

Gerhard Schröder
SPD

Issues and campaignEdit

Several issues dominated the campaign, with the opposition CDU/CSU attacking the government's performance on the economy which fell back into recession due to the Telecoms crash and the introduction of the euro, as well as campaigning on family values and against taxes (particularly on fuel). The SPD and Greens, on the other hand, were helped by broad support for its opposition to an invasion of Iraq, continued media attention on the CDU funding scandal and by Gerhard Schröder's personal popularity relative to the opposition's candidate for Chancellor, CSU leader Edmund Stoiber.

Early in the campaign, Guido Westerwelle, leader of the Free Democrats, declared himself a "Chancellor Candidate," usually a title reserved for the main election leaders of the SPD and CDU/CSU. This was met with general derision.

ResultsEdit

Although most opposition parties gained seats, and the result was in doubt for most of the election night, the governing coalition retained a narrow majority. In particular, the SPD was able to partially offset declines in their vote share in the West with an increase in the East, with the PDS falling below both the 5% threshold and the 3-seat threshold, either of which is required to qualify a party for top-up seats. Consequently, the PDS held only two directly-elected seats.

e • d Summary of the 22 September 2002 German Bundestag election results
Parties Constituency Party list Total seats
Votes % +/− Seats +/− Votes % +/− Seats +/− Seats +/− %
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 20,059,967 41.9 −1.9 171 −41 18,488,668 38.5 −2.4 80 −6 251 −47 41.6
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 15,336,512 32.1 −0.1 82 +8 14,167,561 29.5 +1.1 108 −16 190 −8 31.5
Christian Social Union (CSU) 4,311,178 9.0 +1.7 43 +5 4,315,080 9.0 +2.2 15 +6 58 +11 9.6
Alliance '90/The Greens 2,693,794 5.6 +0.6 1 +1 4,110,355 8.6 +1.9 54 +7 55 +8 9.1
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 2,752,796 5.8 +2.8 0 ±0 3,538,815 7.4 +1.1 47 +4 47 +4 7.8
Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) 2,079,203 4.3 −0.6 2 −2 1,916,702 4.0 −1.1 0 −32 2 −34 0.3
Party for a Rule of Law Offensive (Schill party) 120,330 0.3 +0.3 0 ±0 400,476 0.8 +0.8 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
The Republicans (REP) 55,947 0.1 −0.5 0 ±0 280,671 0.6 −1.2 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
National Democratic Party (NPD) 103,209 0.2 +0.1 0 ±0 215,232 0.4 +0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Animal Protection Party 8,858 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 159,655 0.3 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
The Grays – Gray Panthers (GRAUE) 75,490 0.2 −0.1 0 ±0 114,224 0.2 −0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Party of Bible-abiding Christians (PBC) 71,106 0.1 ±0 0 ±0 101,645 0.2 +0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Ecological Democratic Party (ödp) 56,593 0.1 −0.2 0 ±0 56,898 0.1 −0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Feminist Party (DIE FRAUEN) 2,264 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 36,832 0.1 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Family Party (FAMILIE) 15,138 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 30,045 0.1 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Solidarity (BüSo) 22,531 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 16,958 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Christian Centre (CM) 2,413 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 15,440 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Bavaria Party (BP) 6,757 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 9,379 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Party for Pension Justice and Family (PRG) 4,363 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 7,499 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Departure for Civil Rights, Freedom and Health (AUFBRUCH) 2,895 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 4,697 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Centre Party (Zentrum) 1,823 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 3,127 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Humanist Party (HP) 1,385 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 2,485 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
The Violets (Violetten) 840 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 2,412 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Communist Party (KPD) 686 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 1,624 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
German Social Union (DSU) 6,003 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
German Communist Party (DKP) 3,953 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Freedom Party (FP Deutschlands) 2,003 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Alliance for Germany (Deutschland) 571 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Electoral groups and independents 43,116 0.1 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Invalid/blank votes 741,037 586,281
Totals 48,582,761 100 ±0.0 299 –29 48,582,761 100 ±0.0 304 –37 603 –66 100
Registered voters/turnout 61,432,868 79.1 61,432,868 79.1
Source: Federal Returning Officer
 
Seat results – SPD in red, Greens in green, PDS in purple, FDP in yellow, CDU/CSU in black
251 55 248 47
SPD Grüne CDU/CSU FDP
Popular Vote
SPD
38.52%
CDU/CSU
38.51%
B'90/GRÜNE
8.56%
FDP
7.37%
PDS
3.99%
Other
3.05%
Bundestag seats
SPD
41.63%
CDU/CSU
41.13%
B'90/GRÜNE
9.12%
FDP
7.79%
PDS
0.33%

Post-electionEdit

The coalition between the SPD and the Greens continued in government with Gerhard Schröder as chancellor. However, due to the slim majority in the Bundestag, the governing coalition was not stable.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Voter turnout by election year". Website of the Federal Returning Officer's Office. The Federal Returning Officer. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.

Further readingEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Stoiber was endorsed as the CDU/CSU's Chancellor candidate on 11 January 2002, while Angela Merkel remained as CDU leader. Stoiber had served as leader of the CSU since 9 October 1999.
  2. ^ Stoiber was elected on the CSU's Bavaria list, but did not accept his mandate after the election.

SourcesEdit