2000 Summer Olympics closing ceremony

The 2000 Summer Olympics Closing Ceremony also known as "Let's Party!" was held on 1 October 2000 in Stadium Australia. As with the opening ceremony, the closing ceremony was directed by Ric Birch as Director of Ceremonies while David Atkins was the Artistic Director and Producer. The Closing Ceremony was attended by 114,714 people, the largest attendance in modern Olympic Games history. The ceremony celebrated Australiana; Australian cultural celebrities, icons, media, and music, with floats designed in the style of Reg Mombassa.[1] Around 2.4 billion watched the telecast of the closing ceremony.

2000 Summer Olympics
closing ceremony
Closing ceremony1.jpg
Date1 October 2000
Time19:00 AEST (UTC+11)
VenueStadium Australia
LocationSydney, New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates33°50′50″S 151°03′48″E / 33.84722°S 151.06333°E / -33.84722; 151.06333Coordinates: 33°50′50″S 151°03′48″E / 33.84722°S 151.06333°E / -33.84722; 151.06333
Filmed bySeven Network and SOBO
Participants114,714 in attendance
FootageSydney 2000 Closing Ceremony - Full Length on YouTube

Then IOC President Juan Antonio Samaranch declared in his concluding remarks (and his last remarks at an Olympic Games) that the 2000 Olympic games were the best Summer Olympics ever.[2]

Attending heads of state and heads of governmentEdit

Host nation :

SegmentsEdit

PreludeEdit

Compared to the Opening Ceremony, the stadium showed the track and field ground as is. The main stage was called the Geodome Stage and was in the center of the stadium. The Prelude segment was hosted by Roy & HG.[3]

Just before the closing ceremony, the Men's Marathon finished in Stadium Australia. Not long after, the medal ceremony was presented.[4] Gezahegne Abera won the Gold, Kenya's Erick Wainaina took the silver, while Gezahegne's countryman Tesfaye Tola took bronze.[5][6]

Welcome & CountdownEdit

Just before the Countdown, a slapstick skit was performed just before the countdown showing what could have gone wrong in the opening ceremony. A groundskeeper loses control of his buggy and causes havoc over the stadium and the pomp and ceremony. In one scene, Birch appears on an bike with an inflatable kangaroo featured in the 1996 closing ceremony.[7] Finally his vehicle is dismantled in a comedic way.

A recording of the countdown composed by Richard Mills performed by Sydney Symphony Orchestra played. The large screens counted down from 60 to 1. Starting at 23, footage from previous games appeared. On 0, footage of fireworks was shown followed by an image of a Ken Done drawing with the phrase "Let's Party!"

Protocol SectionEdit

Island HomeEdit

After a brief fanfare composed by David Stanhope, Christine Anu performed with Torres Strait Island dancers her rendition of the Warumpi Band's song My Island Home written by Neil Murray. She performed on the Geodome Stage, with several Aboriginal dancers atop the stage, around which several hundred umbrella and lampbox kids created an image of Aboriginal dreamtime. The version performed was the recently released Earth Beat mix, which compared to previous versions of the song, identified the island as Australia itself.[8][9] Near the end of the song, Anu was hoisted on part of the stage, which was folded into a giant 8-sided octagonal figure called The Geode, which had the globe projected on it. Audience members were encouraged to wave their flashlights.

Entrance of the AthletesEdit

 
Athletes arrive into the stadium

The flags from all countries entered with their flag bearers before placing their flags on the Geode stage. Then, after the flags all entered, athletes ran in from all entrances onto the field, while an fanfare 'Olympic Fireworks' by David Stanhope and orchestral piece 'Journey of Angels' by Chong Lim played. Savage Garden performed their hit song 'Affirmation' on the Geode stage while wearing indigenous flag t-shirts. The Geode stage was projected different words relating to what people might affirm about their beliefs. One of the words included Sydney's famous graffiti, Eternity.[2]

The last time Australia hosted the Olympics games in 1956, a young Melburnian, John Ian Wing, suggested that during the closing ceremony, instead of marching as separate teams, behind their national flags, the athletes mingled together as they paraded into and around the arena for a final appearance before the spectators. It was implemented then and has been an Olympic tradition that has been followed ever since.[10]

Raising the Greek and Australian FlagsEdit

Children from both the Millennium Children's Choir of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and Sing 2001 Choir arrived in white and cream attire and spread themselves around the Geode stage. The Millennium Children's Choir performed Hymn to Liberty, the National Anthem of Greece, conducted by George Ellis.[11] Two Greece flags were raised; one as protocol to recognise the birthplace of the Olympic Games, and one to recognise Athens as the next host city. Afterwards, with the raising of the Australian Flag the Sing 2001 Choir performed Advance Australia Fair, the national anthem of Australia, conducted by George Torbay.

Closing AddressesEdit

President of the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games(SOCOG), Michael Knight, made a closing address thanking the volunteers, the organising committee and the people of the City of Sydney. He stated:[12]

"All Australians are entitled to feel proud of our athletes, our country and themselves for what our nation has achieved during this period."

As he was introducing Juan Antonio Samaranch, he noted that this would be his last Olympics as President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), and would be a special night for him, although his experience of the games came amid personal tragedy.[2]

Juan Antonio Samaranch gave a speech echoing Knight's thanks to all those who helped organised the games. He then declared:[13][6]

"I am proud and happy to proclaim that you have presented to the world the best Olympic Games ever."

Subsequent Summer Olympics held in Athens, Beijing and London have been described by Samaranch's successor Jacques Rogge as "unforgettable, dream Games", "truly exceptional" and "happy and glorious games" respectively – the practice of declaring games the "best ever" having been retired after the 2000 Games.

Samaranch then awarded the on behalf of the IOC the Gold Olympic Order to both Michael Knight, as an expression of gratitude for a perfect organisation, and John Coates, president of the Australian Olympic Committee for fulfilling the promise of making these games the athletes games. In addition, he also gave on behalf of the IOC, the Olympic Cup to the people of Sydney for their enthusiastic and unpartisan support of athletes from all countries.

Samaranch then announced the newly elected members of the International Olympic Committee Athletes' Commission:

'Welcome Home Athens 2004'Edit

 
A priestess performing a rite

This segment was directed by Vangelis,[14] and was the first time where the Antwerp Ceremony (the flag handover ceremony) was within the artistic section. Dimitris Avramopoulos, Mayor of Athens and Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, President of the Athens 2004 Olympic Games Committee entered the stadium. Then priestesses of Olympia, from Greece, enter to do a traditional rite in preparation for the Antwerp Ceremony. After their performance, the Lord Mayor of Sydney, Frank Sartor arrives with the Seoul Olympic flag to begin the ceremony. He hands it to Samaranch, the IOC President, who hands it over to Avramopoulos. After the ceremony, the priestesses look around the flag, take the flag off its pole, throw laurel olive branches on top and carry the flag out of the stadium to Athens.[2]

Samaranch then officially called the games to its close, calling upon the youth of the world in four years to assemble in Athens, Greece - "the birthplace of Olympism". He ended by saying thank you in 4 languages.

Olympic Flag and HymnEdit

As the Olympic Flag was lowered, on a separate stage near the flagpole, Australian soprano Yvonne Kenny performed the Olympic Hymn in English, composed by Spiros Samara with lyrics by Costas Palamas. The Sydney Olympics was the first time the hymn was performed in both the IOC's preferred languages.[15] Chong Lim's 'Journey of Angels' was then played. The final flag bearers were 8 young Australian champions:

Extinguishing the Olympic Flame - We'll Be OneEdit

We'll Be One’ was performed by Nikki Webster and the Sing 2001 Choir where she performed the song on a high platform underneath the Olympic Cauldron. The song is about all of humanity coming together and becoming one. The Olympic Flame was then captured by a F-111 Jet and flew out from Olympic Park (the F-111 actually performed a dump-and-burn).[16]

Let's Party!Edit

The Ceremony ended with an hour long party and dance mix, featuring well known Australian artists and performers.

Let's Party!Edit

The first two songs in the dance mix were Absolutely Everybody by Vanessa Amorosi and Love Is in the Air performed by John Paul Young. Both performed on the Geode stage in silver and white space attire, with a big focus on different types of dance, including ballroom dancing.

Heroes MedleyEdit

The Medley was a collection of Australian rock songs, performed on two stages designed and influenced by the work of Reg Mombassa, a key Mambo artist.

Parade of IconsEdit

This section of the dance mix began with a callback to the beginning of the opening ceremony, where the hero girl (Nikki Webster) took a day off at the beach. A large number of Surf Life Savers arrive with Kylie Minogue, dressed as a much older hero girl on a thong (Australian slang for a flip flop) before singing the ABBA song "Dancing Queen" on the Geodome stage.

Then, surrounding athletes, the parade of icons began, showing celebrities of Australiana. Each celebrity arrived on a float with performers surrounding them. The celebrities were Greg Norman, the characters of Bananas in Pyjamas, Elle Macpherson, Paul Hogan as Crocodile Dundee, and Drag Queens from The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert.[2]

The remix track during the parade included samples from:

Finally, Minogue performed from the Geodome stage her recently released single "On a Night Like This".

Bye from Oz, see ya in AthensEdit

The show ended with the whole cast performing on the Geodome Stage with Men at Work the Australian classic, "Down Under". Finally, Slim Dusty with guitar in hand performed an acoustic version of "Waltzing Matilda" as a singalong with the cast, athletes, and audience.[17] The Geode had projected two lines, Bye from Oz, and see ya in Athens.

Closing Night Harbour SpectacularEdit

 
The spirit of the flame begins the Harbour Spectacular
 
Olympic colours on the Sydney Harbour Bridge.

The 'Closing Night Harbour Spectacular' marked the end of the ceremony, with a 25-minute fireworks display starting at Sydney Olympic Park then fireworks following the Parramatta River, before reaching the Sydney Harbour Bridge. After the spirit of the flame (the F-111 with the Olympic flame) flew over the Harbour Bridge, the bridge erupts with fireworks.[16] It was the largest fireworks display staged in the world at that time, and required the work of five different pyrotechnic companies, headed by Foti Pyrotechnics.

Soundtrack:

LegacyEdit

A major theme in the Sydney Olympic ceremonies was of reconciliation between Australia and the Australian Indigenous nations. In the years leading up to the Olympics, there was much discussion over what reconciliation would look like and was becoming a central social and political issue. In the Media Guide for the Opening Ceremony, the author notes that 4 months earlier, 250,000 Australians of all backgrounds walked across Sydney Harbour Bridge as support for recognition of past wrongs towards the First Nations peoples.[18] It was shown in the closing ceremonies with a Anu's performance of "My Island Home", and on both Midnight Oil's and Savage Garden's band member outfits which had the word "Sorry" and Indigenous flag clothing.[19]

Television coverageEdit

Host Broadcaster: Sydney Olympic Broadcast Organisation (SOBO), with director Peter Faiman

Rightsholders:

  •   Australia - Seven Network
  •   United Kingdom - BBC
  •   United States - NBC

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Reg Mombassa". Lone Goat Gallery. Retrieved 5 November 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Dennis, Anthony (12 August 2020). "From the archives: All that really matters is it was great, mate". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 November 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "The Games Of The XXVIIth Olympiad - Sydney 2000: Pre-Closing Ceremony Segment - 'Prelude'". YouTube, Seven Network. Retrieved 5 November 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "2000 Olympics Marathon Medal Ceremony". YouTube. Retrieved 27 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "Marathon, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 30 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ a b Lutton, Phil (30 September 2020). "As it happened: 'You have presented the best Olympic Games ever'". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Seven News and Today Tonight - 2 October 2000 (Sydney Olympics Closing Ceremony) (PAL 50FPS)". YouTube, Seven Network. Retrieved 5 November 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ Barney, Katelyn (2005). Aesthetics and experience in music performance. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 141–150. ISBN 9781904303503.
  9. ^ Stratton, Jon (18 October 2013). "Whose home; which island?: displacement and identity in 'My Island Home'" (PDF). Perfect Beat. 14 (1): 33–53. doi:10.1558/prbt.v14i1.33. Retrieved 5 November 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ Pfeiffer, Oliver. "Don't Write a Letter of Complaint... Offer a Solution!". DimSum: The British Chinese Community Website. Archived from the original on 8 February 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ "Archbishop of Australia honours Millennium Choir & Millennium Children's Choir | Orthodox Times". OrthodoxTimes.com. World Digital Media. 18 November 2020. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  12. ^ Knight, Michael (2000). Olympic review : official publication of the Olympic Movement Vol. XXVII-35, October-November 2000. IOC. p. 84. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
  13. ^ "Sydney 2000 Closing Ceremony: a fond farewell from Australia". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ Palmer, Tony. "Vangelis - About the closing ceremony of Sydney 2000". YouTube. Retrieved 5 November 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ Lederman, Marsha (17 February 2010). "More French in Closing Ceremonies, Executive Producer Says". The Globe and Mail. p. S1.
  16. ^ a b "RAAF JETS IGNITE CLOSING CEREMONY EXCITEMENT". Australian Department of Defence. Archived from the original on 8 June 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ Gordon, Alan Atwood and Michael (30 September 2020). "From the Archives, 2000: A perfect party to end the world's greatest Games". The Age. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  18. ^ Jopson, Debra; Stephens, Tony (29 May 2000). "From the Archives, 2000: Bridge Walk for Reconciliation attracts thousands". The Sydney Morning Herald. Nine. Retrieved 2 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  19. ^ Rowe, David (14 September 2020). "The Sydney Olympics: How did the 'best games ever' change Australia?". The Conversation. Retrieved 2 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External linksEdit