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1st Combat Evaluation Group

The 1st Combat Evaluation Group (initially "1CEG", later "1CEVG") was a Strategic Air Command (SAC) unit. It was formed on 1 August 1961 to merge the 3908th Strategic Standardization Group for SAC aircrew evaluation with the 1st Radar Bomb Scoring Group that had originated from the 263rd Army Air Force Base Unit which transferred from 15th AF to directly under Strategic Air Command c. 1946.[1] The 1CEVG formed after SAC switched to low-level tactics to counter Soviet surface-to-air missiles ("Oil Burner" training routes in 1959)[2][3] and SAC had "developed a Radar Bomb Scoring field kit for use in NIKE Systems" in early 1960 for scoring SAC training missions against US Hercules SAM sites.[4] The 1CEVG headquarters included an Office of History[1] and a "standardization and evaluation school" for command examiners.[5]

1st Combat Evaluation Group.png 1st Combat Evaluation Group
Active1961–1989
CountryUnited States
BranchUnited States Air Force
RoleStandardization & evaluation
Part ofStrategic Air Command HQ
EngagementsBattle of Lima Site 85

Standardization and evaluationEdit

The 1CEVG deputy commander for standardization and evaluation was responsible for performance assessment of SAC tanker and bomber flight crews.[6] 1CEVG also evaluated the RC-135 units at Eielson, Kadena, and Offutt, the flight crew standardization of the U-2, the DC-130 reconnaissance drone program, CH-3 helicopter drone recovery program, [and] the SR-71 program at Beale AFB.[7]

The Fairchild Trophy was Strategic Air Command's top Bombardment Award, for which the Group administered flight checks and evaluated standardization and training activities.[8]

DivisionsEdit

1CEVG included a Command Instrument Flight Division[9] and an RBS Division with 3 squadrons.

Radar Bomb Scoring DivisionEdit

The Radar Bomb Scoring Division controlled the group's Radar Bomb Scoring units. As with the preceding 1st Radar Bomb Scoring Group at Carswell AFB, the division had 3 Radar Bomb Scoring Squadrons (10th, 11th, 12th) with RBS detachments at fixed radar stations and at semi-mobile radar stations (Mobile Duty Locations (MDLs)). The MDLs were set up for SAC special missions, with their equipment, trailers, books, etc., stored at Barksdale AFB when not in use. Each squadron manned an RBS Express train, but the squadrons were inactivated in 1966 after Vietnam War deployments had begun. The three squadrons in 1959 had 29 AUTOTRACK sites.[10] 1CEVG temporary duty personnel at Nike Defense Areas also scored mock SAC raids tracked by the Army.

RBS trains were inactivated later in the war after the 1968-9 Project 693 discharging 1st term SAC airmen up to 11 months early. The division included a maintenance office.[11] After the Vietnam War ended, the annual Combat Skyspot trophy was awarded for the outstanding RBS detachment (e.g., Louis Blotner Radar Bomb Scoring Site (Ashland Det 7) in 1985).[12]

The squadrons initially used Matador Automatic Radar Control (AN/MSQ-1) and AN/MSQ-2 automatic tracking radar/computer systems. The Reeves AN/MSQ-35 Bomb Scoring Central was developed for the division (mid-1963 testing was at the White Sands Missile Range.)[13] During the Vietnam War, the Statesboro Bomb Scoring Site used a Soviet T2A for training crews to jam the signal. Three US bombing systems developed during the war (AN/MSQ-77, AN/TSQ-81, & AN/TSQ-96) were used post-war in the United States by the RBS Division, which replaced them with the c. 1980 solid-state US Dynamics AN/TPQ-43 Bomb Scoring Set (SEEK SCORE) developed from the AN/TPB-1C Course Directing Central.[14]

The Electronic Systems Division 806L "Range Threat" systems for electronic warfare simulation were developed for use by 1CEVG late in the Cold War.[15] Such systems included the US Dynamics AN/MST-T1 Miniature-Multiple Threat Emitter Simulator (MUTES), for which the group evaluated the prototype in 1977 (operational in October 1978). Similarly, TLQ-11 jammer improvements were in 1978, and in 1979 1CEVG members completed a prototype study and testing of the new Threat Reaction Analysis Indicator System (TRAINS) for analyzing how aircrews and avionics reacted to ground-based threats.

At the end of the Cold War, most RBS detachments were closed.[16] The personnel and the assets of the RBS Division became the 1st Electronic Combat Range Group on 1 July 1989 when the 1CEVG was split, and other 1CEVG organizations transferred to SAC headquarters.

StationsEdit

1CEVG radar stations before/after squadron closures on 25 July (12th), 22 August (11th), & 19 September (10th) 1965
Det 10th RBS[permanent dead link] 11th RBS[permanent dead link] 12th RBS[permanent dead link] 20 September 1966 31 June 1989
1 CO: La Junta
Montreal, Canada
CO: La Junta (1959–1995)[17]
2 MO: Joplin (tbd-1969)[18][19] SD: Badlands SD: Badlands (1960–1968) AZ: Holbrook AFS (1968–1993)[20]
3 NC: Charlotte GA: Statesboro
4 CA:Sacramento[21] GA: Statesboro MO: Oronogo[18]
5 FL: Tampa ID: Wilder (1963–1994)[24]
6 MI: Bayshore (1963[25]-1985)
7
London, England
ME: Ashland Strategic Training Range (1963–90)[26]
8 KY: Richmond [27] KY: Richmond[22]
9 AZ: Winslow[28] OH: Springfield UT: St. George (July 1966 from Winslow-tbd)[29]
10 NE: Hastings[30] [31] ND: Bismarck[22] KY: Blue Grass AD NE: Hastings[32]
11 NY: Fort Drum NY: Ft Drum
12 MS: Laurel[33] NV: Hawthorne
13 MS: Ellisville
14 Det 14,

Bismarck, ND

ND: Bismarck (1961[22]-1986)[34]
15 [most of the above deployed for Vietnam Combat Skyspot]
   Tan Son Nhut AB, Vietnam
16 WY: Powell
17 MT: Havre[22] (1986[35]-c. 1993)[22]
18 MT: Forsyth (c. 1986c. 1996)[36]
19 ND: Dickinson
20 MT: Conrad[37]
21 SD: Belle Fourche

Detachments 7 & 50Edit

Detachment 7, 1 CEVG was a Matagorda Island Air Force Base[38][verification needed] radar site for the "Busy Skyspot" training program for automatic tracking radar crews to use the Reeves AN/MSQ-77 Bomb Directing Central before transferring to Vietnam War operating locations. A CONUS AN/MSQ-77 had initially been used at the mountainous Nellis Air Force Range before being moved to the Gulf Coast of the United States, then the detachment moved to Bergstrom Air Force Base and was redesignated Det 50 for long range tracking of bombers[38] on 2 Matagorda Island Air Force Range routes (low- and high-level).[39] On 29 February 1968, on the low-level Matagorda route a Boeing B-52 Stratofortress crashed into the Gulf of Mexico.[39]

Detachment 15Edit

Detachment 15, 1CEVG at the Vietnam War's Tan Son Nhut Air Base served as an "administrative link between [the operating locations] and Headquarters 1st Combat Evaluation Group"[40] after Reeves AN/MSQ-77 Bomb Directing Centrals were produced and deployed in 1965 for Combat Skyspot bomber operations by tactical fighter, B-52, and other units. On 5 June 1966 near Đông Hà Combat Base close to the DMZ, six 1CEVG technicians were killed while conducting a preliminary site location survey.[41]

LineageEdit

Constituted as the 3903d Radar Bomb Scoring Group from the 3903d RBS Squadron (at Carswell AFB beginning 24 Feb 48)[25] and predecessor 263rd AAF Base Unit[42]
Redesignated 1st Radar Bomb Scoring Group on 10 August 1954
Merged with the 3958 Opl Evaluation & Tng Gp for the B-58 on 15 Mar 60[25]
Redesignated 1st Combat Evaluation Group at Carswell AFB prior to 21 July 1961 for the merger of the Barksdale AFB 3908th Strategic Standardization Group[25] and 1st RBS Group[20]
Redesignated 1st Electronic Combat Range Group on 1 July 1989[20] from the assets and personnel of the Radar Bomb Scoring Division, 1CEVG

SquadronsEdit

  • 10th Radar Bomb Scoring Squadron, 10 August 1954 – 19 September 1966
  • 11th Radar Bomb Scoring Squadron, 10 August 1954 – 22 August 1966, March AFB, California
  • 12th Radar Bomb Scoring Squadron, 10 August 1954 – 25 July 1966, Turner AFB, Georgia
  • 13th Radar Bomb Scoring Squadron, 10 August 1954 – unknown, Ellisville, MS

CommandersEdit

  • Col. Joseph D. White, 1 Aug 1961 – 20 May 1964
  • Col. Melvin R. Schultz, 20 May 1964 – 16 May 1966
  • Col. Jacob A. Hutchison, 16 May 1966 – 1 Feb 1970
  • Col. Willie H. Sontag, 1 Feb 1970 – 1 Jul 1971
  • Col. Alvin E. Prothero, 1 Jul 1971 – 25 Apr 1975
  • Col. Edward F. Gehrke, 25 Apr 1975 – 27 Oct 1978
  • Col. Robert F. Ramsey, 27 Oct 1978 – 1 Dec 1979
  • Col. Larry S. DeVall, 1 Dec 1979 - 16 Sept 1981
  • Col. John R. Rader, 16 Sept 1981 - 28 Jul 1983
  • Col. Billy F. Price, 28 Jul 1983 – 15 Jan 1988
  • Col. John C. Dalton, 16 Jan 1988 – 23 Jan 1989
  • Col. Joseph M. Hudson, Jr., 23 Jan 1989 – ?[43]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Horstead, Terry L. (9 November 1983). "Historical Summary: Radar Bomb Scoring, 1945–1983" (PDF). Office of History, 1st Combat Evaluation Group. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Jet Bombers To Descend Near Alto For Series of Mock Air Attacks". The Cherokeean. 114 (28). Rusk, Texas. 28 December 1961. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  3. ^ Galkiewicz, John (2015). "Jetplanes". angelfire.com. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  4. ^ "Nike-Hercules Technical Data" (PDF). Bell Telephone Laboratories. 1 January 1965. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  5. ^ "Biographies : MAJOR GENERAL WILLIAM B. DAVITTE". 13 June 2009. Archived from the original on 13 June 2009.
  6. ^ "Biographies : LIEUTENANT GENERAL THAD A. WOLFE". 13 June 2009. Archived from the original on 13 June 2009.
  7. ^ "Videmus Omnia" (PDF). 55th STRAT RECON WING ASSOCIATION NEWSLETTER (November 2006). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  8. ^ "4137 Strategic Wing: Management Control Data". airforcehistoryindex.org. 1961. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  9. ^ "Lt. Gen. Tome H. Walters Jr". Air Force Link. 1 October 2002. Archived from the original on 11 February 2004. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  10. ^ Alexander, Sigmund. "Bombing With the Beam" (PDF). Air Force Magazine. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  11. ^ "Smith, Lowell Vetter, TSgt" (biography webpage). TogetherWeServed.com. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  12. ^ "Ashland group awarded Combat Skyspot trophy". Bangor Daily News. 22 March 1985. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  13. ^ Skinner, Don (31 July 2010). "Memories/1CEG". Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  14. ^ Pike, John. "AN/TPQ-43 SEEK SCORE". www.globalsecurity.org.
  15. ^ "TECHNICAL MANUAL COMMUNICATIONS - ELECTRONICS (C - E)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 September 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
  16. ^ http://corpsfuds.org/php/list.php?type=sites&find=exvqzcto&county=[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "Townsfolk Hope to Shoot Down Military's Bombing-Range Plans". Deseret News. 21 February 1995. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
  18. ^ a b History of the Strategic Air Command: 1969 (PDF) (Report). Historical Summary 116. Office of Command History. Retrieved 26 August 2013. SAC had 64 detachments at the end of FY-69, an increase of nine, offset by a reduction of three. One discontinued was Detachment 4, 1st Combat Evaluation Group (CEG), Oronogo, Missourie. It was the second detachment of the 1CEG to be inactivated in 1968.100 ... Scoring activity stopped on 15 December, the equipment was moved,105 and the detachment inactivated on 25 January.106 The other two reductions were Detachments 3 and 19, 3902nd Support Squadron, at Altus and Homestead AFBs, where Manpower Evaluation Teams were no longer required. ... 100. Det 13, Ellisville, Miss, discontinued 2 Jun 68; Hist SAC, Jan–Jun 68, pp. 14–17.
  19. ^ Kershaw, Marcia (8 December 1961). "Bomb Scoring Squadron To Be Moved To Mississippi Base in February". Joplin Globe. Archived from the original on 29 January 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2012. ...has been located on Oronogo Circle Hill at Joplin Bomb Plot since July of 1959 will be moved in February to Greenville air force Miss. In making the announcement the air force said the move is in line with a policy of transferring such units every two years. Detachment 2 was moved here from Oklahoma City under command of Major Eugene R. Butler with 35 men and officers and has grown to a strength of 72 Personnel ... have manned the First a train carrying complete radar bomb scoring equipment for the purpose of scoring SAC bomber at remote locations ... Major Butler was the first commander of the First RBS Express when it was put in operation during February ... men of the detachment now are aboard that train and that Second and Third RBS Express trains have been added to the program ... Joplin Bomb Plot ... Hustler jet bombers began training missions at supersonic speeds in an air corridor above this district in October 1960, the first sonic boom occurred to make area residents even more conscious of the canopy of aircraft which has operated above this region
  20. ^ a b c d McDonald, Steven Ray (29 January 2002). "Detachment 2 Holbrook, AZ". 1 CEVG/DET 2 History (A fluid Document). 1CEVGA.com. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 1 CEVG/Det. 2 was moved from Wall, SD to Holbrook, AZ in 1968. We were up and running around the middle of April. ...1990 when we became 99 ECRG/DET 2 . The last RBS/ECM sortie was on or about September 13, 1993. The last ECM-only sortie was on or about September 30, 1993. A B1-B from Dyes (not positive) flew the last RBS/ECM mission. A C-130 from Hulburt Field flew the last ECM mission. The period of time between 1 October 1993 and Christmas was used for decommissioning the systems.
  21. ^ "3903rd Radar Bomb Scoring Group – USAF – Korean War Project Page 1". koreanwar.org. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  22. ^ a b c d e f "Combat Evaluation Group – A place for CEVG'ers and Range Rats to Meet" (Yahoo newsgroup). 9 January 2000.    Citations in chronological order:
    • Scott. "Message 3276". Archived from the original on 30 August 2013. Havre Trainig [sic] Site MT (Different place from the earlier Havre AFS air defense radar site) ... Interior RBSS, atop Hurley Butte ... The family housing unit was on the western edge of Wall. It was actually a small mobile home park. There were a few Air Force trailers (two of which ... There were 16 or 18 trailers I had the last one SE end along the fence ... I am also looking for Msgt. Mike Nelson
    • "Message 11831". 2004. Bismarck from October 1964 to January 1967. ... When I first got there it was Det. 10, 11th RBS Sq. and was later changed to Det. 14, 1CEG. I also served on RBS Express No. 2 at Joseph City, AZ (Nov–Dec 1965) and Ree Heights, SD (July–Aug 1966) and RBS Express No. 3 at Rion, SC (Nov–Dec 1966).
    • "Message 12089". [Bismarck opened January 1961]
    • McAfee, Emerson R (6 August 2005). "Re: Greetings!". I was at Det. 8 Richmond from Jun 63 – Apr 72. I also made trips to Browns IL but we were the ones who moved it from Mauk GA to Browns so I was only at Browns for about a week[permanent dead link]
    • Ross, Don (30 August 2007). "Sqdns, Det 4 and Germany". Retrieved 9 July 2012. three RBS Express trains. One per sqdn
  23. ^ http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:ok-K-2inVysJ:groups.yahoo.com/group/combatevaluationgroup/messages/3279%3Fo%3D1%26xm%3D1%26m%3Dp+site:groups.yahoo.com+cevg+statesboro&hl=en&gl=us&prmd=imvns&strip=1[dead link]
  24. ^ "Closure plan saddens radar base chief". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. 29 May 1993. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  25. ^ a b c d Mueller (1982). "Wurtsmith Air Force Base". Air Force Bases as of 1982 (Report). p. 613.
  26. ^ http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:bcx5Oy5tnlUJ:groups.yahoo.com/group/combatevaluationgroup/message/11782+blotner+%22bomb+plot%22&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us[dead link]
  27. ^ "Radar Bomb Scoring Site at Army Depot to Close". Lexington Herald-Leader. 29 May 1993. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
  28. ^ "PRESIDENT'S REPORT" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
  29. ^ "Yahoo! Groups". 9 February 2013. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013.
  30. ^ Spurlin, James. "[veteran listing 49816]". VetFriends.com. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
  31. ^ Wikisource:Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 106 Part 3.djvu/532
  32. ^ "Document Detail for IRISNUM= 01074579". airforcehistoryindex.org. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  33. ^ "Holmes County Herald - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com.
  34. ^ "MSgt. Robert L. Dilley" (memorial webpage). Biography and Family of Robert L. Dilley. Ancestry.com. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  35. ^ Havre RBS opened in 1986 http://www.rtbot.net/Havre_Air_Force_Station
  36. ^ "To provide for the conveyance of the Radar Bomb Scoring Site, Forsyth, Montana. S 886". Library of Congress. 6 June 1995. Retrieved 20 November 2009.
  37. ^ "National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994". US Government Publishing Office. 5 January 1993. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  38. ^ a b Steeves, Mike (2015). "Skyspot Training". Combat Skyspot. Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015. The Skyspot training program was called BUSY SKYSPOT... The initial training was accomplished at Detachment 7, on Matagorda Island.
  39. ^ a b McGrath, Mike (2014). "B-52 Stratofortress". Project Get Out & Walk. Archived from the original on 14 February 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2015. A few pieces of foam and Frank Salavaria's summer flight jacket washed up on the beach near Corpus
  40. ^ "TSgt Lowell Vetter Smith". Together We Served. 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  41. ^ Steeves, Mike (2015). "Combat Skyspot Overview". Combat Skyspot. Archived from the original on 1 November 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2015. Six men ...killed on 5 June 1966: Guerin, SSgt John P; James, A1C Rufus L; Mansfield, TSgt Bruce E; Marks, TSgt Antone P; Olds, SSgt Jerry; Vasquez, SSgt Ephraim
  42. ^ "3903rd Radar Bomb Scoring Group". USAF - Korean War Project. 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  43. ^ [1][dead link]