1996 Indian general election in Kerala

The 1996 Indian general election were held to elect 20 members to the eleventh Lok Sabha from Kerala.[1] Both Indian National Congress (INC)-led United Democratic Front (UDF) and Left Democratic Front (LDF), led by Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) won 10 seats each.[2] Turnout for the election was at 70.66%[3]

1996 Indian general election

← 1991 April-May 1996 1998 →

20 seats
Turnout70.66% (Decrease2.66%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Indian Election Symbol Hammer Sickle and Star.png
Party INC CPI (M) CPI
Alliance UDF LDF LDF
Last election 13 3 0
Seats won 8 6 2
Seat change Decrease5 Increase3 Increase2
Percentage 38.01% 21.16% 8.22%

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
BJP Election Symbol
Party IUML BJP
Alliance UDF -
Last election 2 0
Seats won 2 0
Seat change - -
Percentage 5.61% 5.08%

Kerala in India.png

Alliances and partiesEdit

[4]

UDF is a Kerala legislative alliance formed by INC veteran K. Karunakaran. LDF comprises primarily of CPI(M) and the CPI, forming the Left Front in the national level. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) contested in 18 seats.

United Democratic FrontEdit

No. Party Election Symbol Seats Contested
1. Indian National Congress 17
2. Indian Union Muslim League   2
3. Kerala Congress (M)   1

Left Democratic FrontEdit

No. Party Election Symbol Seats Contested
1. Communist Party of India (Marxist) 9
2. Communist Party of India 4
3. Independents 3
4. Janata Dal 2
5. Revolutionary Socialist Party 1
6. Kerala Congress 1

Bharatiya Janata PartyEdit

No. Party Election Symbol Seats Contested
1. Bharatiya Janata Party   18

List of elected MPsEdit

[5]

No. Constituency Name of Elected M.P. Party Affiliation
1 Kasaragod T. Govindan CPI(M)
2 Kannur Mullappally Ramachandran INC
3 Vatakara O. Bharathan CPI(M)
4 Kozhikode M. P. Veerendra Kumar JD
5 Manjeri E. Ahamed IUML
6 Ponnani G. M. Banatwala IUML
7 Palakkad N. N. Krishnadas CPI(M)
8 Ottapalam S. Ajaya Kumar CPI(M)
9 Thrissur V. V. Raghavan CPI
10 Mukundapuram P. C. Chacko INC
11 Ernakulam Xavier Arackal IND
12 Muvattupuzha P. C. Thomas KC(M)
13 Kottayam Ramesh Chennithala INC
14 Idukki A. C. Jose INC
15 Alappuzha V. M. Sudheeran INC
16 Mavelikkara P. J. Kurien INC
17 Adoor Kodikunnil Suresh INC
18 Kollam N. K. Premachandran RSP
19 Chirayankil A. Sampath CPI(M)
20 Thiruvananthapuram K. V. Surendranath CPI

ResultsEdit

Performance of political partiesEdit

[6]

Vote Share by alliance

  UDF (45.75%)
  LDF (44.87%)
  BJP (5.61%)
  Other (3.77%)
No. Party Political Front Seats Votes %Votes ±pp
1 Indian National Congress UDF 7 54,67,132 38.01%  0.76
2 Communist Party of India (Marxist) LDF 5 30,44,369 21.16%  0.45
3 Communist Party of India LDF 2 11,82,944 8.22%  0.10
4 Bharatiya Janata Party none 0 8,07,607 5.61%  1.00
5 Indian Union Muslim League UDF 2 7,45,070 5.08%  0.06
6 Janata Dal LDF 1 6,33,104 4.40%  0.11
7 Kerala Congress (M) UDF 1 3,56,168 2.66%  0.04
8 Revolutionary Socialist Party LDF 1 3,59,786 2.50%  0.09
9 Indian Congress (Secular) LDF 0 3,32,622 2.31%  0.39
10 Kerala Congress LDF 0 3,20,539 2.23%  0.01
11 Peoples Democratic Party none 0 64,950 0.45% new
12 Bahujan Samaj Party none 0 22,139 0.15%  0.01
13 Janata Party none 0 13,557 0.01%  0.12
14 All India Forward Bloc none 0 12,837 0.09% new
15 Shiv Sena none 0 5,609 0.02% new
16 Indian National League none 0 1,354 0.01% new
17 Nagaland Peoples Party none 0 1,066 0.01% new
18 Samata Party none 0 721 0.01% new
Independents 1 10,02,198 6.97%  0.76

By constituencyEdit

[7]

No. Constituency UDF candidate Votes % Party LDF candidate Votes % Party BJP / Other candidates Votes % Party Winning alliance Margin
1 Kasaragod I. Rama Rai 2,97,267 36.6% INC T. Govindan 371,997 45.8% CPI(M) P. K. Krishnadas 97,577 12.0% BJP LDF 74,730
2 Kannur Mullappally Ramachandran 3,71,924 48.0% INC Kadannappalli Ramachandran 3,32,622 42.9% IC(S) M. K. Saseeindran 30,511 3.9% BJP UDF 39,302
3 Vatakara K. P. Unnikrishnan 3,35,950 40.7% INC O. Bharathan 4,15,895 50.4% CPI(M) A. D. Nair 49,971 6.1% BJP LDF 79,945
4 Kozhikode K. Muraleedharan 3,16,862 41.8% INC M. P. Veerendra Kumar 3,55,565 46.9% JD K. P. Sreesan 56,942 7.5% BJP LDF 38,703
5 Manjeri E. Ahammed 3,76,001 47.3% IUML C. H. Ashiq 3,21,030 40.3% CPI(M) Cherukattu Vasudevan 54,550 6.9% BJP UDF 54,971
6 Ponnani G. M. Banatwalla 3,54,808 48.4% IUML Mokkath Rahmathulla 2,75,513 37.6% CPI K. Janachandran 56,234 7.7% BJP UDF 79,295
7 Palakkad V. S. Vijayaraghavan 3,19,841 43.3% INC N. N. Krishnadas 3,43,264 46.5% CPI(M) M. V. Sukumaran 37,221 5.0% BJP LDF 23,423
8 Ottapalam K. K. Vijayalakshmi 3,00,958 43.3% INC S. Ajayakumar 3,24,022 46.6% CPI(M) K. V. Kumaran 49,296 7.1% BJP LDF 23,064
9 Thrissur K. Karunakaran 3,07,002 43.3% INC V. V. Raghavan 3,08,482 43.6% CPI Rema Reghunandan 41,139 5.8% BJP LDF 1,480
10 Mukundapuram P. C.Chacko 3,49,801 46.7% INC V. Viswanatha Menon 3,25,044 43.4% CPI(M) Narayana Iyer 35,227 4.7% BJP UDF 24,757
11 Ernakulam K. V. Thomas 3,05,094 41.8% INC Xavier Arrakkal 3,35,479 46.0% IND O. M. Mathew 46,559 6.4% BJP LDF 30,385
12 Muvattupuzha P. C. Thomas 3,82,319 53.1% KC(M) Baby Kurien 2,60,423 36.2% IND Narayanan Namboothiri 50,738 7.7% BJP UDF 1,21,896
13 Kottayam Ramesh Chennithala 3,30,447 45.9% INC Jayalakshmi 2,77,539 39.6% JD A. K. Achary 29,319 4.2% IND LDF 67,048
14 Idukki A. C. Jose 3,50,679 48.0% INC K. Francis George 3,20,539 43.9% KEC D. Ashok Kumar 32,107 4.4% BJP UDF 30,140
15 Alappuzha V. M. Sudheeran 3,69,539 48.7% INC T. J. Anjalose 3,43,590 45.3% CPI(M) Nedumuthara Unnikrishnan 17,990 2.4% BJP UDF 25,949
16 Mavelikkara P. J. Kurien 2,90,524 45.9% INC M. R.

Gopalakrishnan

2,69,448 42.5% CPI(M) K. K. R. Kumar 45,325 7.2% BJP UDF 21,076
17 Adoor Kodikkunnil Suresh 3,51,872 51.6% INC P. K. Raghavan 2,86,327 42.0% CPI Kainakari Janardhanan 21,609 3.2% BJP UDF 65,545
18 Kollam S. Krishnakumar 2,81,416 38.1% INC N. K. Premachandran 3,59,786 48.7% RSP Nina Rajan Pillai 57,917 7.8% IND LDF 78,370
19 Chirayinkil Thalekkunnil Basheer 2,81,996 40.5% INC A. Sampath 3,30,079 47.4% CPI(M) R. Radhakrishnan Unnithan 30,348 4.4% BJP LDF 48,083
20 Trivandrum A. Charles 2,91,820 40.5% INC K. V. Surendranath 3,12,622 43.4% CPI K. Raman Pillai 74,904 10.4% BJP LDF 20,802

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "General Election, 1996".
  2. ^ "PC: Kerala 1996".
  3. ^ "STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTIONS, 1996 TO THE 11th LOK SABHA" (PDF).
  4. ^ "PC: Alliances Kerala 1996".
  5. ^ Roy Mathew. "Indian Parliament Elections 1996: Kerala Winners". keralaassembly.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  6. ^ "PC: Party-wise performance for 1996 Kerala".
  7. ^ "PC: Kerala 1996".