1998 Indian general election in Kerala

The 1998 Indian general election were held to elect 20 members to the twelfth Lok Sabha from Kerala.[1] Indian National Congress (INC)-led United Democratic Front (UDF) won 11 seats, while the Left Democratic Front (LDF), led by Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) won the remaining 9 seats.[2] The earlier election in 1996 saw both alliances win equal share of seats. Turnout for the election was at 70.66%[3]

1998 Indian general election

← 1996 February–March 1998 1999 →

20 seats
Turnout70.66% (Increase0.55%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Indian Election Symbol Hammer Sickle and Star.png
Party INC CPI(M) CPI
Alliance UDF LDF LDF
Last election 7 5 2
Seats won 8 6 2
Seat change Increase1 Increase1 -
Percentage 38.67% 21% 8.32%

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
BJP Election Symbol
Party IUML BJP
Alliance UDF NDA
Last election 2 0
Seats won 2 0
Seat change - -
Percentage 5.01% 8.02%

Kerala in India.png

BackgroundEdit

The ruling LDF government in the state faced infightings, especially among V. S. Achuthanandan and CITU as the former was denied the Chief Ministerial post. KSKTU launched agitations against paddy field reclamation, which spiraled into a law and order issue. The state High Court directed the government to return the crop fields to the farmers. M. L. Ahuja cited "an element of militancy" and "disregard for democratic forms of agitations" among the CPI(M) activists during the agitation.

Alliances and partiesEdit

[4]

UDF is a Kerala legislative alliance formed by INC veteran K. Karunakaran. LDF comprises primarily of CPI(M) and the CPI, forming the Left Front in the national level. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), leading National Democratic Alliance (NDA) at national level contested in all 20 seats.

United Democratic FrontEdit

No. Party Election Symbol Seats Contested
1. Indian National Congress 17
2. Indian Union Muslim League   2
3. Kerala Congress (M)   1

Left Democratic FrontEdit

No. Party Election Symbol Seats Contested
1. Communist Party of India (Marxist) 9
2. Communist Party of India 4
3. Revolutionary Socialist Party 1
4. Independents 3
5. Janata Dal 2
6. Kerala Congress 1

National Democratic AllianceEdit

No. Party Election Symbol Seats Contested
1. Bharatiya Janata Party   20

List of elected MPsEdit

[5]

No. Constituency Name of Elected M.P. Party Affiliation
1 Kasaragod T. Govindan CPI(M)
2 Kannur Mullappally Ramachandran INC
3 Vatakara A. K. Premajam CPI(M)
4 Kozhikode P. Sankaran INC
5 Manjeri E. Ahamed IUML
6 Ponnani G. M. Banatwala IUML
7 Palakkad N. N. Krishnadas CPI(M)
8 Ottapalam S. Ajaya Kumar CPI(M)
9 Thrissur V. V. Raghavan CPI
10 Mukundapuram A. C. Jose INC
11 Ernakulam George Eden INC
12 Muvattupuzha P. C. Thomas KC(M)
13 Kottayam K. Suresh Kurup CPI(M)
14 Idukki P. C. Chacko KEC
15 Alappuzha V. M. Sudheeran INC
16 Mavelikkara P. J. Kurien INC
17 Adoor Chengara Surendran CPI
18 Kollam N. K. Premachandran RSP
19 Chirayankil Varkala Radhakrishnan CPI(M)
20 Thiruvananthapuram K. Karunakaran INC

ResultsEdit

Performance of political partiesEdit

[6]

Vote Share by alliance

  UDF (46.08%)
  LDF (44.55%)
  NDA (8.02%)
  Other (1.35%)
No. Party Political Front Seats Votes %Votes ±pp
1 Indian National Congress UDF 8 57,46,566 38.67%  0.66
2 Communist Party of India (Marxist) LDF 4 31,21,636 21%  0.16
3 Communist Party of India LDF 2 12,35,761 8.32%  0.10
4 Bharatiya Janata Party NDA 0 11,92,046 8.02%  2.41
5 Indian Union Muslim League UDF 2 7,45,070 5.01%  0.07
6 Janata Dal LDF 0 5,80,094 3.90%  0.50
7 Revolutionary Socialist Party LDF 1 3,96,145 2.67%  0.17
8 Kerala Congress (M) UDF 1 3,56,168 2.40%  0.26
9 Kerala Congress LDF 0 3,27,649 2.20%  0.03
10 Indian National League none 0 80,333 0.54%  0.53
11 Peoples Democratic Party none 0 40,972 0.28%  0.17
12 Bahujan Samaj Party none 0 19,475 0.1%  0.05
13 Shiv Sena none 0 3,290 0.02%  
14 Janata Party none 0 1,164 0.01%  
15 Nagaland Peoples Party none 0 1,066 0.01%  
16 The Humanist Party Of India none 0 765 0.01% new
17 Samata Party none 0 558 0.00%  0.01
Independents 2 10,13,067 6.82%  0.15

By constituencyEdit

[7]

No. Constituency UDF candidate Votes % Party LDF candidate Votes % Party NDA candidate Votes % Party Winning alliance Margin
1 Kasaragod Khader Mangad 3,47,670 39.9% INC T. Govindan 3,95,910 45.4% CPI(M) P. K. Krishnadas 1,03,093 11.8% BJP LDF 48,240
2 Kannur Mullappally Ramachandran 3,80,465 46.2% INC A .C. Shanmukhadas 3,78,285 45.9% IND P. C. Mohanan 42,760 5.2% BJP UDF 2,180
3 Vatakara P. M. Suresh Babu 3,48,715 41.3% INC A. K. Premajam 4,07,876 48.3% CPI(M) Chettoor Balakrishnan 69,564 8.2% BJP LDF 59,161
4 Kozhikode P. Sankaran 3,56,392 45.0% INC M. P. Veerendra Kumar 3,37,735 42.6% JD P. C. Mohanan 83,862 10.1% BJP UDF 18,657
5 Manjeri E. Ahamed 4,00,609 49.3% IUML K. V. Salahuddin 2,94,600 36.2% CPI(M) Sumathy Haridas 79,546 9.8% BJP UDF 1,06,009
6 Ponnani G. M. Banatwalla 3,44,461 49.7% IUML Minu Mumthas 2,40,217 34.7% CPI Ahalliya Sankar 65,008 9.4% BJP UDF 1,04,244
7 Palakkad V. S. Vijayaraghavan 3,20,941 43.1% INC N. N. Krishnadas 3,45,963 46.4% CPI(M) T. C. Govindan 61,419 8.2% BJP LDF 25,022
8 Ottapalam K. K. Vijayalakshmi 3,15,576 43.7% INC S. Ajayakumar 3,35,376 46.5% CPI(M) P. M. Velayudhan 63,185 8.8% BJP LDF 19,800
9 Thrissur K. Muraleedharan 3,47,945 46.2% INC V. V. Raghavan 3,38,996 45.1% CPI P. D. Purushothaman 54,479 7.2% BJP LDF 18,409
10 Mukundapuram A. C. Jose 3,97,156 50.1% INC P. Govinda Pillai 3,44,693 43.5% CPI(M) M. S. Muraleedharan 30,779 3.9% BJP UDF 8,949
11 Ernakulam George Eden 3,89,387 50.2% INC Sebastian Paul 3,14,879 40.6% IND V. V. Augustine 62,262 8.0% BJP UDF 74,508
12 Muvattupuzha P. C. Thomas 3,56,168 53.9% KC(M) Mathew John 2,42,359 36.7% JD Narayanan Namboothiri 50,738 7.7% BJP UDF 1,13,809
13 Kottayam Ramesh Chennithala 3,30,447 45.9% INC K. Suresh Kurup 3,35,893 46.7% CPI(M) George Kurian 42,830 5.9% BJP LDF 5,446
14 Idukki P. C. Chacko 3,33,999 46.4% INC K. Francis George 3,27,649 45.6% KEC D. Asokakumar 46,130 6.4% BJP UDF 6,350
15 Alappuzha V. M. Sudheeran 3,86,180 50.5% INC C. S. Sujatha 3,45,543 45.2% CPI(M) T. L. Radhamma 27,010 3.5% BJP UDF 40,637
16 Mavelikkara P. J. Kurien 2,75,001 44.0% INC Ninan Koshy 2,73,740 43.8% IND Rajan Moolaveettil 68,450 11.0% BJP UDF 1,261
17 Adoor Kodikunnil Suresh 3,16,292 45.8% INC Chengara Surendran 3,33,297 48.2% CPI Kainakary Janardhanan 34,816 5.0% BJP LDF 17,005
18 Kollam K. C. Rajan 3,24,383 42.4% INC N. K. Premachandran 3,96,145 51.8% RSP Raichel Matthai 36,916 4.8% BJP LDF 71,762
19 Chirayinkil M. M. Hassan 3,13,937 45.1% INC Varkala Radhakrishnan 3,21,479 46.2% CPI(M) T. M. Viswambharan 47,249 6.8% BJP LDF 7,542
20 Trivandrum K. Karunakaran 3,37,429 44.0% INC K. V. Surendranath 3,22,031 42.0% CPI Kerala Varma Raja 94,303 12.3% BJP UDF 15,398

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "General Election, 1998".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "PC: Kerala 1998".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTIONS, 1998 TO THE 12th LOK SABHA" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-04-13.
  4. ^ "PC: Alliances Kerala 1998".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ Roy Mathew. "Indian Parliament Elections 1998: Kerala Winners". keralaassembly.org. Archived from the original on 2003-11-25. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  6. ^ "PC: Party-wise performance for 1998 Kerala".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "PC: Kerala 1998".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)[permanent dead link]