1994 in Bangladesh

1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1994th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 994th year of the 2nd millennium, the 94th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1990s decade.

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1994
in
Bangladesh

Centuries:
Decades:
See also:Other events of 1994
List of years in Bangladesh

The year 1994 was the 23rd year after the independence of Bangladesh. It was the fourth year of the first term of the government of Khaleda Zia. The year was characterized by the continuous boycott of parliament by the opposition parties over the demand of a neutral Caretaker Government to oversee future elections.[1]

IncumbentsEdit

Khaleda
Zia

DemographyEdit

Demographic Indicators for Bangladesh in 1994[2]
Population, total 116,182,267
Population density (per km2) 892.5
Population growth (annual %) 2.2%
Male to Female Ratio (every 100 Female) 104.4
Urban population (% of total) 21.3%
Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people) 31.8
Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people) 8.7
Mortality rate, under 5 (per 1,000 live births) 119.7
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 61.1
Fertility rate, total (births per woman) 3.8

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Bangladesh in 1994
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
19.7
(67.5)
25.1
(77.2)
27.0
(80.6)
28.6
(83.5)
28.0
(82.4)
28.4
(83.1)
28.2
(82.8)
28.2
(82.8)
26.7
(80.1)
23.0
(73.4)
18.8
(65.8)
25.1
(77.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.5
(0.53)
31.6
(1.24)
94.6
(3.72)
144.2
(5.68)
206.1
(8.11)
341.8
(13.46)
359.1
(14.14)
373.7
(14.71)
184.1
(7.25)
109.6
(4.31)
10.8
(0.43)
0.0
(0.0)
1,869.2
(73.59)
Source: Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia (UEA)[3]

CycloneEdit

A cyclone with a velocity of 210 kilometres (130 mi) per hour struck the coastal area of Cox's Bazar on 2 May causing extensive damage to the districts of Cox's Bazaar and Bandarban. As a result of the early warning and subsequent evacuation of about 450,000 people, the loss of life was minimal. According to official estimates 133 (including 84 refugees) died and 3,559 were injured.[4]

EconomyEdit

Key Economic Indicators for Bangladesh in 1994[2]
National Income
Current US$ Current BDT % of GDP
GDP $33.8 billion BDT1,354.1 billion
GDP growth (annual %) 3.9%
GDP per capita $290.7 BDT11,655
Agriculture, value added $8.3 billion BDT334.8 billion 25.6%
Industry, value added $7.9 billion BDT317.8 billion 24.3%
Services, etc., value added $16.3 billion BDT653.8 billion 50.0%
Balance of Payment
Current US$ Current BDT % of GDP
Current account balance $199.6 million .6%
Imports of goods and services $5,375.6 million BDT187.7 billion 13.9%
Exports of goods and services $3,524.2 million BDT121.9 billion 9.0%
Foreign direct investment, net inflows $11.1 million 0.0%
Personal remittances, received $1,150.9 million 3.4%
Total reserves (includes gold) at year end $3,174.8 million
Total reserves in months of imports 6.8

Note: For the year 1994 average official exchange rate for BDT was 40.21 per US$.

EventsEdit

  • 20 March – BNP won the by-polls to Magura-2 parliamentary constituency, which had fallen vacant following the Awami League MP's death; but the victory was tainted with allegation of widespread rigging – which eventually strengthened the oppositions claim for a Caretaker Government to oversee future elections.[5]
  • 6 September – The Dhanmondi residence of the founding father and President of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was handed over to Bangabandhu Memorial Trust to turn it into a museum.

Awards and recognitionsEdit

International RecognitionEdit

Independence Day AwardEdit

Recipients Area Note
Directorate of the Geological Survey of Bangladesh science and technology)[7] organization
Ahsan Habib literature posthumous
Atiqur Rahman sports
Mobarak Hossain Khan music
Grameen Bank rural development organization

Ekushey PadakEdit

  1. Sarder Jayenuddin (literature)
  2. Humayun Ahmed (literature)
  3. Ali Monsur (drama)
  4. Abu Taher (fine arts)
  5. Nina Hamid (vocal music)
  6. Shahadat Hossain Khan (instrumental music)
  7. Mohammad Noman (education)
  8. Hasanuzzaman Khan (journalism)

SportsEdit

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hossain, Golam (1995). "Bangladesh in 1994: Democracy at Risk". Asian Survey. 35 (2): 171–78. JSTOR 2645027.
  2. ^ a b "World Development Indicators". The World Bank. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Climate Change Knowledge Portal". The World Bank Group. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Bangladesh – Cyclone May 1994 UN DHA Information Reports 1–4". UN Department of Humanitarian Affairs. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  5. ^ Liton, Shakhawat (7 April 2014). "Magura: Polls then and now". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Dr. Muhammad Yunus of Bangladesh". World Food Prize. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  7. ^ "Achievements". Geological Survey of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 15 January 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2008.
  8. ^ "Men Field Hockey XII Asia Games 1994 Hiroshima (JPN) 04-15.10 – South Korea". Archived from the original on 24 June 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
  9. ^ "List of Champions". Atsushi Fujioka for Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  10. ^ "Bangladesh – List of Cup Winners". Ian King, Hans Schöggl and Erlan Manaschev for Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 30 October 2018.