1992 South Korean legislative election

Legislative elections were held in South Korea on 25 March 1992.[1] The result was a victory for the Democratic Liberal Party, which won 149 of the 299 seats in the National Assembly. However, DLP's seats shortened from 218 to 149 seats, less than 150 needed for majority, so this regarded as retreat. Voter turnout was 71.9%.

1992 South Korean legislative election

← 1988 24 March 1992 1996 →

All 299 seats to the National Assembly
150 seats needed for a majority
Turnout71.9% (Decrease3.9 pp)
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Roh Tae-woo - cropped, 1989-Mar-13.jpg Kim Dae-jung presidential portrait.jpg Chung Ju-yung (Cropped).jpg
Leader Roh Tae-woo Kim Dae-jung Chung Ju-yung
Party Democratic Liberal Democratic Unification National
Leader since March 1990 16 September 1991 February 1992
Leader's seat not contesting
(President)
PR List 1 PR List 3
Last election 219 seats (combined) 71 seats (combined)
Seats won 149 97 31
Seat change Decrease 70 Increase 26 New
Popular vote 7,923,718 6,004,578 3,574,419
Percentage 38.5% 29.2% 17.4%
Swing Decrease 34.9pp Increase 9.9pp New

Republic of Korea legislative election 1992 districts result.png

Speaker before election

Park Joon Kyu
Democratic Liberal

Speaker

Park Joon Kyu
Democratic Liberal

PartiesEdit

The ruling Democratic Liberal Party was formed in 1990 through the merger of the former ruling Democratic Justice Party along with two opposition parties, the Reunification Democratic Party (RDP) and the New Democratic Republican Party (NDRP). The merger resulted in DLP having a parliamentary supermajority of 218 seats, which was more than 2/3 of whole seats. The party supported President Roh Tae-woo and included among its members former opposition leader Kim Young-sam and former Prime Minister Kim Jong-pil.

The leading opposition party was the Democratic Party. It was formed in 1991 through the merger of the New Democratic Allied Party (called Peace Democratic Party in previous election) led by Kim Dae-jung and former members of the RDP with the minor Democratic Party. The party was co-led by Kim and Lee Ki-taek. DP won 97 seats, which was less than 100 seats, one third of the whole seats, needed to prevent DLP's attempt to revise the constitution.

The Unification National Party was a conservative, centrist, Economic nationalist, pro-business party led by Hyundai founder Chung Ju-yung. The party campaigned heavily on the issue of the economy and the poor record of President Roh's government. The RNP won 31 seats, which was more than 10% of the seats, with 17.4% of popular vote, and joined the opposition.

These major three parties competed in presidential elections on 19 December, which ended with DLP nominee Kim Young-sam's victory.

ResultsEdit

PartyVotes%Seats
FPTPPRTotal+/–
Democratic Liberal Party7,923,71938.4911633149–70
Democratic Party6,004,57729.17752297+26
Unification National Party3,574,41917.3724731New
New Political Reform Party369,0441.79101New
Popular Party319,0411.55000New
Fairness People's Party21,0070.10000New
Independents2,372,00511.5221021+12
Total20,583,812100.00237622990
Valid votes20,583,81298.75
Invalid/blank votes259,6701.25
Total votes20,843,482100.00
Registered voters/turnout29,003,82871.86
Source: Nohlen et al.

By city/provinceEdit

Region Total
seats
Seats won
Democratic Liberal Democratic Unification National New Political Reform Ind.
Seoul 44 16 25 2 1 0
Busan 16 15 0 0 0 1
Daegu 11 8 0 2 0 1
Incheon 7 5 1 0 0 1
Gwangju 6 0 6 0 0 0
Daejeon 5 1 2 0 0 2
Gyeonggi 31 18 8 5 0 0
Gangwon 14 8 0 4 0 2
North Chungcheong 9 6 1 2 0 0
South Chungcheong 14 7 1 4 0 2
North Jeolla 14 2 12 0 0 0
South Jeolla 19 0 19 0 0 0
North Gyeongsang 21 14 0 2 0 5
South Gyeongsang 23 16 0 3 0 4
Jeju 3 0 0 0 0 3
Constituency total 237 116 75 24 1 21
PR list 62 33 22 7 0 0
Total 299 149 97 31 1 21

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p420 ISBN 0-19-924959-8

External linksEdit