1983 European Grand Prix
The 1983 European Grand Prix (formally the John Player Grand Prix of Europe) was a Formula One motor race held at Brands Hatch on 25 September 1983. It was the fourteenth race of the 1983 Formula One World Championship.
|1983 European Grand Prix|
|Race 14 of 15 in the 1983 Formula One World Championship|
|Date||25 September 1983|
|Official name||John Player Grand Prix of Europe|
|Location||Brands Hatch, Kent, England|
|Course||Permanent racing facility|
|Course length||4.206 km (2.613 mi)|
|Distance||76 laps, 319.656 km (198.588 mi)|
|Time||1:14.342 on lap 70|
The 76-lap race was won by Nelson Piquet, driving a Brabham-BMW. Piquet's Drivers' Championship rival Alain Prost was second in a factory Renault, while Nigel Mansell was third in a Lotus-Renault. With the win, Piquet moved within two points of Prost at the top of the championship with one race remaining.
A third Grand Prix in the United States, supposed to be held at the Flushing Meadows–Corona Park in the New York City borough of Queens was canceled at short notice due to local protests. The British Brands Hatch circuit, just outside London, was able to organise a European Grand Prix in the same year, to make up for this failed US event, in 9 weeks.
Qualifying produced a surprise as Elio de Angelis took pole position in his Lotus-Renault, with team-mate Nigel Mansell third. Between them was the Brabham-BMW of Riccardo Patrese, with Nelson Piquet fourth in the other Brabham. The Ferraris filled the third row with René Arnoux ahead of Patrick Tambay, while the factory Renaults took up the fourth row, Eddie Cheever ahead of Drivers' Championship leader Alain Prost. Completing the top ten were Manfred Winkelhock in the ATS and John Watson in the McLaren.
The fastest non-turbo car was the Williams of Keke Rosberg in 16th; team-mate Jacques Laffite failed to qualify. Williams had planned to debut their Honda turbo-powered FW09 at this race, but instead decided to wait until the season finale in South Africa. The team, did, however, enter a third car for test driver and Formula Two champion Jonathan Palmer, who qualified 25th.
At the start, Patrese took the lead from de Angelis, followed by Mansell, Piquet and Cheever. On lap 2 Piquet passed Mansell, who was having trouble with his tyres and would soon fall to seventh, while Prost made a charge to run fourth by lap 9.
Patrese and de Angelis had pulled clear of the rest of the field when, on lap 11, de Angelis attempted to overtake the Brabham at Surtees Corner, only to make contact and send both cars spinning. Piquet duly went through into the lead, while Patrese rejoined the track ahead of Prost but was soon caught and passed by the Renault. De Angelis also rejoined, but continued for only two laps before retiring with an engine failure.
At quarter distance, Piquet led Prost by around 10 seconds, with Patrese a further 10 seconds back and holding up Cheever, Arnoux, Mansell and Tambay. On lap 20 Arnoux spun at Surtees, dropping him to the back of the field. There were no further changes among the front-runners until the pit stops, during which both Brabhams hit trouble: Patrese was delayed by a misfitted rear wheel, while Piquet was held up by a malfunctioning wheel-nut gun. Piquet nonetheless retained his lead over Prost, while an unscheduled second stop for Cheever (due to a loose helmet visor which was taped by his pit crew) left Tambay in third and Mansell fourth, with Andrea de Cesaris up to fifth in the Alfa Romeo and Derek Warwick sixth in the Toleman.
In the closing stages, Tambay suffered brake problems, allowing Mansell past on lap 66 before spinning off at Druids two laps later. This moved the second Toleman of Bruno Giacomelli into the top six, while also ending Tambay's challenge for the Drivers' Championship. Shortly afterwards, Warwick had a bizarre accident when his cockpit fire extinguisher leaked, giving him burns to his right hand and leg, though he held on to fifth place.
Up front, Piquet cruised to his second consecutive win, finishing 6.5 seconds ahead of Prost with Mansell a further 24 seconds back. De Cesaris finished four seconds behind Mansell and ten ahead of Warwick, who in turn finished eight seconds ahead of team-mate Giacomelli. Patrese ultimately finished seventh, while Arnoux was ninth and Cheever tenth, both one lap down on Piquet. With one race to go, Prost still led the Drivers' Championship but by only two points over Piquet, while Arnoux's failure to score left him needing to win in South Africa to have any chance of the title.
The race also saw the last appearance of the Theodore team, which was struggling financially and had scaled back to one car for Roberto Guerrero. Guerrero finished 12th, one place ahead of Palmer's Williams.
|1||11||Elio de Angelis||Lotus-Renault||1:12.342||1:12.092||—|
|14||22||Andrea de Cesaris||Alfa Romeo||1:14.403||1:15.440||+2.311|
|15||23||Mauro Baldi||Alfa Romeo||1:14.727||1:15.174||+2.635|
|24||32||Piercarlo Ghinzani||Osella-Alfa Romeo||1:17.850||1:17.408||+5.316|
|28||31||Corrado Fabi||Osella-Alfa Romeo||1:19.087||1:17.816||+5.724|
Championship standings after the raceEdit
- Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.
- "Motor Racing Programme Covers: 1983". The Programme Covers Project. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- "8W - Who? - Jonathan Palmer". Forix.autosport.com. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
- "The Grand Prix of Europe". Motor Sport. London. November 1983. p. 46. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
- "Roberto Guerrero - Biography". F1 Rejects. Archived from the original on 21 March 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "John Player Grand Prix of Europe - QUALIFYING 1". formula1.com. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
- "John Player Grand Prix of Europe - QUALIFYING 2". formula1.com. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
- "John Player Grand Prix of Europe - OVERALL QUALIFYING". formula1.com. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
- Hamilton, Maurice, ed. (1983). AUTOCOURSE 1983–84. Hazleton Publishing Ltd. p. 210. ISBN 0-905138-25-2.
- "1983 European Grand Prix". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Europe 1983 - Championship • STATS F1". www.statsf1.com. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
1983 Italian Grand Prix
|FIA Formula One World Championship
1983 South African Grand Prix
1977 British Grand Prix
(designated European Grand Prix)
|European Grand Prix||Next race:|
1984 European Grand Prix