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The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union from 19 July to 3 August. A total of 5,179 athletes representing 80 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in 203 events in 22 sports.[1] They were the first Games to be staged in a communist nation.[2]

66 countries[3] participated in a boycott against these Games as a protest against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.[4] Fifteen countries marched in the Opening Ceremony with the Olympic Flag instead of their national flags, and the Olympic Flag and Olympic Hymn were used at medal ceremonies when athletes from these countries won medals. Competitors from three countries – New Zealand,[5] Portugal, and Spain – competed under the flags of their respective National Olympic Committees. Some of these teams that marched under flags other than their national flags were depleted by boycotts by individual athletes, while some athletes did not participate in the march.

Of the eighty participating nations, the smallest number since 1956,[6] eight nations made their first appearance at this Games – Angola, Botswana, Cyprus, Laos, Mozambique, Nicaragua, and Seychelles.[7] None of these nations won a medal. Whilst competitors from 36 countries became Olympic medalists, the great majority of the medals were taken by the host country and East Germany in what was the most skewed medal tally since 1904.[8] Despite only being invited to compete five weeks prior to the opening ceremony, Zimbabwe won a surprise gold medal in the sport of women's field hockey.[9] The Soviet Union's Aleksandr Dityatin became the first athlete to win eight medals at a single Games, with three gold, four silver and a bronze medal.[10] In rowing, the winners of both the gold and silver medals in the coxless pairs were identical twins.[9]

The Soviet Union won a record 80 gold medals, and their 195 total medals are the second best result in history.

Contents

Medal tableEdit

 
East German swimmers Cornelia Polit (left), Rica Reinisch (center), and Birgit Treiber (right), who swept the 200 metre backstroke.[11]

The medal table is based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a nation is an entity represented by a National Olympic Committee). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically.

In boxing and judo two bronze medals were awarded in each weight class. Therefore, the total number of bronze medals is greater than the total number of gold or silver medals.[12][13]

  *   Host nation (Soviet Union)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Soviet Union (URS)*806946195
2  East Germany (GDR)473742126
3  Bulgaria (BUL)8161741
4  Cuba (CUB)87520
5  Italy (ITA)83415
6  Hungary (HUN)7101532
7  Romania (ROU)661325
8  France (FRA)65314
9  Great Britain (GBR)57921
10  Poland (POL)3141532
11  Sweden (SWE)33612
12  Finland (FIN)3148
13  Czechoslovakia (TCH)23914
14  Yugoslavia (YUG)2349
15  Australia (AUS)2259
16  Denmark (DEN)2125
17  Brazil (BRA)2024
  Ethiopia (ETH)2024
19  Switzerland (SUI)2002
20  Spain (ESP)1326
21  Austria (AUT)1214
22  Greece (GRE)1023
23  Belgium (BEL)1001
  India (IND)1001
  Zimbabwe (ZIM)1001
26  North Korea (PRK)0325
27  Mongolia (MGL)0224
28  Tanzania (TAN)0202
29  Mexico (MEX)0134
30  Netherlands (NED)0123
31  Ireland (IRL)0112
32  Uganda (UGA)0101
  Venezuela (VEN)0101
34  Jamaica (JAM)0033
35  Guyana (GUY)0011
  Lebanon (LIB)0011
Totals (36 nations)204204223631

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

General
  • Kubatko, Justin. "1980 Moskava Summer Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 28 August 2010. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
Specific
  1. ^ "Moscow 1980 Summer Olympics". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 16 August 2010. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
  2. ^ John E. Findling (1996). Historical Dictionary of the Modern Olympics. Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
  3. ^ "The Olympic Boycott, 1980". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 January 2010.
  4. ^ Bilderberg meeting report Aachen, 1980. Accessed 20 August 2010. Archived 19 June 2009.
  5. ^ "New Zealand Olympic Committee". Olympic.org.nz. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 8 August 2010.
  6. ^ Brian Murphy. "Sting remains from boycotted 1980 Games". Idaho Statesman. Retrieved 22 August 2010.
  7. ^ "40 Years of Summer Olympic Cities". cnbc.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2010.
  8. ^ Moscow 1980 Olympic Games. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Library Edition: http://www.library.ebonline.com/eb/article-9098213
  9. ^ a b The Olympics: Athens to Athens 1896–2004. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-84382-6.
  10. ^ "British Olympic Association: Moscow 1980". olympics.org.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
  11. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Swimming at the 1980 Moskva Summer Games:Women's 200 metres Backstroke". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 22 August 2010.
  12. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Boxing at the 1980 Moskava Summer Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
  13. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Judo at the 1980 Moskava Summer Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 20 August 2010.

External linksEdit