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Montreal's Olympic Stadium (its tower completed after the Games) was the main venue for the 1976 Summer Olympics.

The 1976 Summer Olympics medal table is a list of National Olympic Committees ranked by the number of medals won during the 1976 Summer Olympics, held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, from July 17 to August 1, 1976. A total of 6,084 athletes from 92 countries participated in these Games, competing in 198 events in 23 sports.[1]

Twenty-eight African countries boycotted these Games.[2] This decision was taken in response to the participation of New Zealand, because its national rugby union team (the All Blacks) continued to play rugby with South Africa, which had been banned from the Olympic movement since 1964 due to its apartheid policies.[3]

Athletes from 42 countries won at least one medal, leaving 51 countries in blank in the medals table. The Soviet Union won the highest number of gold medals (49) and overall medals (125). Thailand and Bermuda won the first medals in their Olympic history, with Bermuda still being the least populous nation to ever win a Summer Olympic medal.[1] The Montreal Summer Olympics proved disastrous to Canada not only in financial terms; it failed to win a single gold medal despite being the host nation. Overall, it was 27th in the medal table, which remains the worst result a host nation has ever scored in the history of the Games.[4]

Nikolai Andrianov of the Soviet Union won seven medals (four gold, two silver and one bronze medals), becoming the most medalled athlete in these Games.[5]

Medal tableEdit

 
Sugar Ray Leonard won the gold medal in boxing's light welterweight category at the 1976 Summer Olympics.

The medal table is based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables.[6] By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a nation is an entity represented by a National Olympic Committee). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically.

A total of 198 events in 23 different sports were contested at the Montreal Games.[7][8] In boxing and judo, two bronze medals were awarded for each weight class. In gymnastics, two bronze medals were awarded for third–place ties in the men's pommel horse and men's horizontal bar events, and a second–place tie in the women's vault resulted in two silver medals and no bronze medal awarded for that event.[9]

  *   Host nation (Canada)

1976 Summer Olympics medal table
RankNOCGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Soviet Union (URS)494135125
2  East Germany (GDR)40252590
3  United States (USA)34352594
4  West Germany (FRG)10121739
5  Japan (JPN)961025
6  Poland (POL)761326
7  Bulgaria (BUL)69722
8  Cuba (CUB)64313
9  Romania (ROU)491427
10  Hungary (HUN)451322
11  Finland (FIN)4206
12  Sweden (SWE)4105
13  Great Britain (GBR)35513
14  Italy (ITA)27413
15  France (FRA)2349
16  Yugoslavia (YUG)2338
17  Czechoslovakia (TCH)2248
18  New Zealand (NZL)2114
19  South Korea (KOR)1146
20  Switzerland (SUI)1124
21  Jamaica (JAM)1102
  North Korea (PRK)1102
  Norway (NOR)1102
24  Denmark (DEN)1023
25  Mexico (MEX)1012
26  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)1001
27  Canada (CAN)*05611
28  Belgium (BEL)0336
29  Netherlands (NED)0235
30  Portugal (POR)0202
  Spain (ESP)0202
32  Australia (AUS)0145
33  Iran (IRI)0112
34  Mongolia (MGL)0101
  Venezuela (VEN)0101
36  Brazil (BRA)0022
37  Austria (AUT)0011
  Bermuda (BER)0011
  Pakistan (PAK)0011
  Puerto Rico (PUR)0011
  Thailand (THA)0011
Totals (41 NOCs)198199216613

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Montreal 1976–Games of the XXI Olympiad". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 5 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  2. ^ Berlioux, Monique, ed. (November–December 1976). "Africa and the XXIst Olympiad" (PDF). Olympic Review. Lausanne: International Olympic Committee (109–110): 584–585. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  3. ^ "1976: African countries boycott Olympics". BBC. 1976-07-17. Archived from the original on 7 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  4. ^ "History: 1976 Montreal". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2008-04-02.
  5. ^ "Nikolay Andrianov–The Only Man to Win 15 Medals". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 3 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
  6. ^ "Montreal 1976–Medal Table". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  7. ^ "Aquatics" includes swimming, diving, and water polo.
  8. ^ "Montreal 1976–Sports on the program". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  9. ^ Chantigny, Louis, ed. (1978). Games of the XXI Olympiad Montréal 1976 Official Report, Volume III Results (PDF). Montreal, Quebec, Canada.: COJO 76. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-02.

External linksEdit