1976 Summer Olympics medal table

The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, were a summer multi-sport event held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, from July 17 to August 1, 1976. A total of 6,084 athletes from 92 countries represented by National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in these Games, competing in 198 events in 23 sports.[1]

1976 Summer Olympics medals
LocationMontreal,  Canada
Highlights
Most gold medals Soviet Union (49)
Most total medals Soviet Union (125)
Montreal's Olympic Stadium (its tower completed after the Games) was the main venue for the 1976 Summer Olympics.

Twenty-eight African countries boycotted these Games.[2] This decision was taken in response to the participation of New Zealand, because its national rugby union team (the All Blacks) continued to play rugby with South Africa, which had been banned from the Olympic movement since 1964 due to its apartheid policies.[3]

Athletes from 42 countries won at least one medal, leaving 51 countries in blank in the medals table. The Soviet Union won the highest number of gold medals (49) and overall medals (125). The Games were dominated by the Soviet Bloc, with the USSR and its satellites occupying seven out of top ten places in the medal standings. Thailand and Bermuda won the first medals in their Olympic history, with Bermuda being the least populous territory to ever win a Summer Olympic medal until Alessandra Perilli won bronze for San Marino in trap shooting in 2020.[4] The Montreal Summer Olympics proved disastrous to Canada not only in financial terms; it failed to win a single gold medal despite being the host nation. Overall, it was 27th in the medal table, which remains the worst result a host nation has ever scored in the history of the Summer Games.[5]

Nikolai Andrianov of the Soviet Union won seven medals (four gold, two silver and one bronze medals), becoming the most medaled athlete in these Games.[6]

Medal tableEdit

 
Sugar Ray Leonard won the gold medal in boxing's light welterweight category at the 1976 Summer Olympics.

The medal table is based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables.[7] By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a nation is an entity represented by a National Olympic Committee). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically.

A total of 198 events in 23 different sports were contested at the Montreal Games.[8][9] In boxing and judo, two bronze medals were awarded for each weight class. In gymnastics, two bronze medals were awarded for third–place ties in the men's pommel horse and men's horizontal bar events, and a second–place tie in the women's vault resulted in two silver medals and no bronze medal awarded for that event.[10]

  *   Host nation (Canada)

1976 Summer Olympics medal table
RankNOCGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Soviet Union494135125
2  East Germany40252590
3  United States34352594
4  West Germany10121739
5  Japan961025
6  Poland761326
7  Bulgaria69722
8  Cuba64313
9  Romania491427
10  Hungary451322
11  Finland4206
12  Sweden4105
13  Great Britain35513
14  Italy27413
15  France2349
16  Yugoslavia2338
17  Czechoslovakia2248
18  New Zealand2114
19  South Korea1146
20  Switzerland1124
21  Jamaica1102
  North Korea1102
  Norway1102
24  Denmark1023
25  Mexico1012
26  Trinidad and Tobago1001
27  Canada*05611
28  Belgium0336
29  Netherlands0235
30  Portugal0202
  Spain0202
32  Australia0145
33  Iran0112
34  Mongolia0101
  Venezuela0101
36  Brazil0022
37  Austria0011
  Bermuda0011
  Pakistan0011
  Puerto Rico0011
  Thailand0011
Totals (41 entries)198199216613

Change by dopingEdit

Olympics Athlete Country Medal Event Ref
1976 Summer Olympics Valentin Khristov   Bulgaria   Weightlifting, Men's 110 kg [11]
Blagoy Blagoev   Weightlifting, Men's 82.5 kg [12]
Zbigniew Kaczmarek   Poland   Weightlifting, Men's 67.5 kg [13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Montreal 1976–Games of the XXI Olympiad". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 5 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  2. ^ Berlioux, Monique, ed. (November–December 1976). "Africa and the XXIst Olympiad" (PDF). Olympic Review. Lausanne: International Olympic Committee (109–110): 584–585. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  3. ^ "1976: African countries boycott Olympics". BBC. 1976-07-17. Archived from the original on 7 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  4. ^ Mackenzie, Alasdair (29 July 2021). "Shooting-Tears of joy as San Marino becomes smallest Olympic medal-winning nation". Reuters. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  5. ^ "History: 1976 Montreal". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2008-04-02.
  6. ^ "Nikolay Andrianov–The Only Man to Win 15 Medals". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 3 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
  7. ^ "Montreal 1976–Medal Table". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  8. ^ "Aquatics" includes swimming, diving, and water polo.
  9. ^ "Montreal 1976–Sports on the program". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  10. ^ Chantigny, Louis, ed. (1978). Games of the XXI Olympiad Montréal 1976 Official Report, Volume III Results (PDF). Montreal, Quebec, Canada.: COJO 76. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-02.
  11. ^ "Valentin Khristov Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  12. ^ "Blagoy Blagoev Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  13. ^ "Zbigniew Kaczmarek Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2017.

External linksEdit