1984 Summer Olympics medal table

The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, were a summer multi-sport event held in Los Angeles, California, United States, from July 28 to August 12. A total of 6,829 athletes from 140 nations participated in 221 events in 21 sports.[1][2]

1984 Summer Olympics medals
Photo of the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in 1984.
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum during the Opening Ceremony on July 28, 1984.
LocationLos Angeles,  United States
Highlights
Most gold medals United States (83)
Most total medals United States (174)
alt=Map displaying countries that won medals during 1984 Summer Olympics.
World map showing the medal achievements of each country during the 1984 Summer Olympics.
Legend:
  Gold represents countries that won at least one gold medal.
  Silver represents countries that won at least one silver medal but no gold medals.
  Bronze represents countries that won only at least one bronze medal.
  Blue represents participating countries that did not win any medals.
   Black represents entities that did not participate in the 1984 Summer Olympics.

Overall, 47 nations received at least one medal, and 25 of them won at least one gold medal. Athletes from host nation United States won the most medals overall with 174 and the most gold medals with 83.[3][4] The former record was the largest overall medal haul for that nation since the 1904 edition; the latter record was the highest gold medal tally at a single Games and the most for a host nation.[5][6][a] It marked the first time the United States led the medal count in both gold and overall medals since 1968.[7] Many writers and sports commentators noted that the absence of the Soviet Union and various other Eastern Bloc nations stemming from a boycott contributed to the highly skewed medal results favoring the United States.[5] Romania won the second most gold medals (20) and the third most total medals (53) marking its highest medal tally in history.[8][9][10] West Germany won the third most gold medals, with 17, and the second most total medals, with 59.[8][7]

Runner Carl Lewis and gymnast Ecaterina Szabo won the most gold medals at the games with four each.[11] Gymnast Li Ning won the greatest number of medals overall, winning six in total.[12] Marathon runner Carlos Lopes of Portugal won the first Olympic gold medal for that nation.[13] Algeria, Dominican Republic, Ivory Coast, Syria, and Zambia won their nation's first Olympic medals.[14][15][16][17][18]

Medal tableEdit

 
Carl Lewis (pictured) tied Ecaterina Szabo for most gold medals won at the 1984 Summer Olympics at four apiece.
 
Joan Benoit won the inaugural women's marathon.[19]
 
Greg Louganis won the men's 3 metre springboard and 10 platform diving competitions.[20]
 
Michael Gross won gold medals in the men's 100 metre butterfly and men's 200 metre freestyle swimming events.[21]
 
Sebastian Coe became the first person to successfully defend the men's 1500 metre title.[22]
 
Kōji Gushiken won gold medals in the men's all-around individual and rings gymnastics competitions.[23][24]

The medal table is based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won, where each nation is an entity represented by a National Olympic Committee (NOC). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals.

In the boxing and judo events, two bronze medals are awarded in each weight class.[25][26] Two gold medals (and no silver medals) were awarded for first place ties in the women's uneven bars,[27] women's balance beam,[28] and men's rings gymnastics events.[29] Four silver medals (and no bronze) were awarded in the men's vault gymnastics competition.[30] Two bronze medals were awarded for third-place ties in both the women's 100 metre hurdles and the men's pole vault competitions.[31][32]

Key

  ‡   Changes in medal standings (see below)

  *   Host nation (United States)

1984 Summer Olympics medal table[33]
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)*836130174
2  Romania (ROU) 20161753
3  West Germany (FRG)17192359
4  China (CHN)158932
5  Italy (ITA)1461232
6  Canada (CAN)10181644
7  Japan (JPN)1081432
8  New Zealand (NZL)81211
9  Yugoslavia (YUG) 74718
10  South Korea (KOR)66719
11  Great Britain (GBR) 5112137
12  France (FRA)571628
13  Netherlands (NED)52613
14  Australia (AUS)481224
15  Finland (FIN) 42612
16  Sweden (SWE) 211619
17  Mexico (MEX)2316
18  Morocco (MAR)2002
19  Brazil (BRA)1528
20  Spain (ESP)1225
21  Belgium (BEL)1124
22  Austria (AUT)1113
23  Kenya (KEN) 1023
  Portugal (POR)1023
25  Pakistan (PAK)1001
26  Switzerland (SUI)0448
27  Denmark (DEN)0336
28  Jamaica (JAM)0123
  Norway (NOR)0123
30  Greece (GRE)0112
  Nigeria (NGR)0112
  Puerto Rico (PUR)0112
33  Colombia (COL)0101
  Egypt (EGY)0101
  Ireland (IRL)0101
  Ivory Coast (CIV)0101
  Peru (PER)0101
  Syria (SYR)0101
  Thailand (THA)0101
40  Turkey (TUR)0033
  Venezuela (VEN)0033
42  Algeria (ALG)0022
43  Cameroon (CMR)0011
  Chinese Taipei (TPE)0011
  Dominican Republic (DOM)0011
  Iceland (ISL)0011
  Zambia (ZAM)0011
Totals (47 nations)226219243688

Changes in medal standingsEdit

Key
Color / symbol Meaning
Disqualified athlete(s)
List of official changes in medal standings
Ruling date Sport/Event Athlete (NOC)       Total Notes
August 5, 1984 Wrestling
Men's Greco-Roman +100 kg
  Tomas Johansson (SWE) -1 −1 On August 5, 1984, the IOC stripped Swedish wrestler Tomas Johansson of his silver medal in the men's Greco-Roman +100 kg competition after he tested positive for the anabolic steroid Primobolan. As a result, Yugoslavian bronze medalist Refik Memišević was awarded silver, and the fourth-placed Victor Dolipschi of Romania was awarded bronze.[34]
  Refik Memišević (YUG) +1 −1 0
  Victor Dolipschi (ROM) +1 +1
August 13, 1984 Athletics
Athletics, Men's 10,000 m
  Martti Vainio (FIN) -1 −1 On August 13, 1984, the IOC stripped Finnish long-distance runner Martti Vainio of his silver medal in the men's 10,000 m race after failing an anti-doping test. As a result, bronze medalist Mike McLeod of Great Britain was awarded silver, and Kenyan runner Michael Musyoki, who placed fourth in the competition, was awarded bronze.[35]
  Mike McLeod (GBR) +1 −1 0
  Michael Musyoki (KEN) +1 +1
List of official changes by country
NOC Gold Silver Bronze Net Change
  Finland (FIN) 0 −1 0 −1
  Sweden (SWE) 0 -1 0 −1
  Great Britain (GBR) 0 +1 -1 0
  Yugoslavia (YUG) 0 +1 -1 0
  Kenya (KEN) 0 0 +1 +1
  Romania (ROM) 0 0 +1 +1

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Previously at the 1904 Summer Olympics, the United States set the record for most gold medals won at a single Olympics with 78. The Soviet Union then broke that record in 1980, when it won 80 gold medals.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Los Angeles 1984". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on May 2, 2021. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
  2. ^ "Los Angeles 1984: An indelible legacy". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 20 May 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  3. ^ Penner, Mike (December 29, 1999). "Games R Us". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 27, 2021. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
  4. ^ Yake, D. Byron (August 13, 1984). "U.S. Breaks Record with 83 Gold Medals". The Star Press. p. 11.
  5. ^ a b c Litsky, Frank (August 13, 1984). "Questions Lingers As Games Close: What If Everyone Had Competed?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 6, 2017. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  6. ^ Murphy, Bryan (July 31, 2021). "Which Countries Have Won the Most Olympic Medals?". NBC Sports. Archived from the original on August 17, 2021. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
  7. ^ a b "Los Angeles 1984 Olympic Games/". United States Olympic & Paralympic Museum. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  8. ^ a b "Survival the Keynote with Just a Touch of Brilliance". The Sydney Morning Herald. December 27, 1984. p. 19.
  9. ^ Gillette, Robert (July 28, 1985). "'They Were Real Risks Involved'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 8, 2021. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  10. ^ "Romania". Olympedia. Archived from the original on August 11, 2021. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  11. ^ Mathew, Jay (August 8, 1984). "Politics Polishes Romanians' Olympic Medals". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 28, 2017. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
  12. ^ Mulvenney, Nick (August 8, 2008). "Li Ning, "Prince of Gymnasts" and Businessman". Reuters. Archived from the original on November 4, 2020. Retrieved February 24, 2021.
  13. ^ Moran, Malcolm (August 13, 1984). "Marathon; Lopes of Portugal Winner of Men's Marathon". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 11, 2021. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  14. ^ "Team Algeria Algeria - Profile". Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Archived from the original on July 14, 2021. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  15. ^ "Sanchez Decorated by Dominican President". World Athletics. October 6, 2004. Archived from the original on August 11, 2021. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
  16. ^ Lowitt, Bruce (August 9, 1984). "Lewis, Louganis Soaring". The Scranton Times-Tribune. p. 23.
  17. ^ Herbert, Keith; Devlin, Ron (November 23, 2000). "Athlete Brothers Charged with Running Sports Betting Operation". The Morning Call. pp. B1, B4.
  18. ^ "Zambia (ZAM) Overview". Olympedia. Archived from the original on June 8, 2020. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  19. ^ Moran, Malcolm (August 6, 1984). "First Women's Olympic Marathon to Benoit". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 17, 2021. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
  20. ^ Solomon, George (August 12, 1984). "Lewis Gets Record with His 4th Gold". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 28, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
  21. ^ Dodds, Tracy (August 2, 1984). "Michael Gross: West Germany's World Record-Holder Prefers to Fly Away from the Lime Light". Los Angeles Times. pp. 90, 121.
  22. ^ Reilly, Rick (August 12, 1984). "Coe Wins Race of Attrition". Los Angeles Times. pp. 126, 166.
  23. ^ Mifflin, Lawrie (August 3, 1984). "Gushiken of Japan Rallies to Win All-Around Title". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 24, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  24. ^ "Swimmers, Gymnasts Close Up on Note". The Lompoc Record. August 5, 1984. p. B2.
  25. ^ "Boxing". NBC Sports. Archived from the original on 28 January 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  26. ^ "International Judo Federation". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 25 October 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  27. ^ "Americans Rediscover Gym Skills". The Arizona Republic. July 13, 1984. p. C1.
  28. ^ "Women Dominates Day's Events; Moses Marches On". Los Angeles Times. August 6, 1984. p. 64.
  29. ^ "On a Night of Perfect 10s, Li at the Pinnacle with 3 Golds". Detroit Free Press. August 5, 1984. p. 10-E.
  30. ^ "Chinese Gymnast Takes Three Gold, One Silver". The Age. August 6, 1984. p. 25.
  31. ^ "Seven Other Olympic Instances of Duplicate or Delayed Medals". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on 2021-07-12. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  32. ^ "BYU's Padilla Hangs Up 'No Smoking' Sign at L.A. Games". The Salt Lake Tribune. August 11, 1984. p. B6.
  33. ^ "1984 Summer Olympics Overview". Olympedia. Archived from the original on October 7, 2020. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  34. ^ "Swede Loses Silver For Using Steroids". The New York Times. August 6, 1984. Archived from the original on August 28, 2020. Retrieved July 21, 2021.
  35. ^ "Doping Cases Might Not Be Decided Until November". Los Angeles Times. August 14, 1984. p. 83.

External linksEdit