1978 Italian Grand Prix
The 1978 Italian Grand Prix was the 14th motor race of the 1978 Formula One season. It was held on 10 September 1978 at Monza. It was marred by the death of Ronnie Peterson following an accident at the start of the race.
|1978 Italian Grand Prix|
|Race 14 of 16 in the 1978 Formula One season|
|Date||September 10, 1978|
|Location||Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza|
|Course||Permanent racing facility|
|Course length||5.800 km (3.6 mi)|
|Distance||40 laps, 232.000 km (144 mi)|
|Scheduled distance||52 laps, 301.600 km (187.2 mi)|
|Time||1:38.23 on lap 33|
With three races remaining, Mario Andretti (Lotus-Ford) led the World Drivers' Championship by 12 points from his team-mate Ronnie Peterson. Niki Lauda (Brabham-Alfa Romeo), in third place, was 28 points behind Andretti, and, with only 9 points for a win, could not overtake him.
First start and Ronnie Peterson accidentEdit
The race starter was overenthusiastic, turning on the red lights before all the cars had lined up, and several cars in the middle of the field got a jump on those at the front. The result was a funneling effect of the cars approaching the chicane, and the cars were tightly bunched together with little room for maneuver. James Hunt was overtaken on the right hand side by Riccardo Patrese and Hunt instinctively veered left and hit the rear right wheel of Peterson's Lotus 78, with Vittorio Brambilla, Hans-Joachim Stuck, Patrick Depailler, Didier Pironi, Derek Daly, Clay Regazzoni and Brett Lunger all involved in the ensuing melee. Peterson's Lotus went into the barriers hard on the right hand side and caught fire. He was trapped, but Hunt, Regazzoni and Depailler managed to free him from the wreck before he received more than minor burns. He was dragged free and laid in the middle of the track fully conscious, but with severe leg injuries. It took 20 minutes before medical help was dispatched to the scene. Brambilla—who had been hit on the head by a flying wheel and rendered unconscious—and Peterson were taken to the Niguarda hospital nearby Milan.
Second start, race recap and death of Ronnie PetersonEdit
The race was restarted nearly three hours later, during which time on the formation lap for the second race, Jody Scheckter's Wolf lost a wheel and crashed at the second Lesmo curve, bending the Armco barrier that was situated right next to the track. Andretti, Hunt, Lauda, Carlos Reutemann and Emerson Fittipaldi all went to the spot where Scheckter crashed and upon inspection of the state of the barrier, they refused to start until it was repaired; upon which it was, causing more delay. Because of the amount of time between the first and second races; the distance was shortened to 40 laps. At the second start at nearly 6:00 P.M., Villeneuve overtook Andretti at the restart, but both drivers were judged to have gone early and given a one-minute penalty. Andretti re-took the lead with only five laps remaining. With Jabouille having retired, Lauda finished third ahead of John Watson (Brabham), Carlos Reutemann (Ferrari), Jacques Laffite (Ligier-Matra) and Patrick Tambay (McLaren-Ford). Since all of those finished less than a minute behind, Andretti and Villeneuve were dropped to sixth and seventh place. Andretti had won the championship, but with Peterson in hospital, celebrations were muted.
At the hospital, Peterson's X-rays showed he had seven fractures in one leg and three in the other. After discussion with him, Peterson was sent to intensive care so that the surgeons could operate to stabilize the bones. There was some level of dispute between the doctors regarding whether all fractures should be immediately fixed or not. During the night, Peterson's condition worsened, and he was diagnosed with fat embolism. By morning he was in full renal failure due to the embolism, and was declared dead at 9:55am on 11 September 1978.
† Peterson suffered severe leg trauma in a multi-car accident and while in hospital the night following the race he was diagnosed with a fat embolism. He died the following morning as a result of the fat embolism.
- Lap leaders: Jean-Pierre Jabouille 5 laps (1–5); Niki Lauda 35 laps (6–40).
- Mario Andretti and Gilles Villeneuve finished 1st and 2nd on the road but were assessed a 1-minute penalty for a jump start.
- Due to the long delay to clean up the debris from the opening lap accident, the race was shortened to 40 laps from the original 52, to avoid dusk.
- Jody Scheckter spun his Wolf at the Curve Di Lesmo on the formation lap.
- Harald Ertl failed to pre-qualify his Ensign and got another chance with the German ATS of injured Jochen Mass.
- Last race: McLaren M23 (driven by Nelson Piquet)
- Peterson's death guaranteed Andretti the Driver's Championship with two races left.
- Last Formula One race win for Alfa Romeo either as a manufacturer or engine supplier.
- This was Niki Lauda's last victory until the 1982 United States Grand Prix West.
- This was also the final time that Brabham scored a 1–2 until the 1982 Canadian Grand Prix.
Championship standings after the raceEdit
- Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.
- "The Death of Ronnie Peterson: What Really Happened at Monza in 1978". atlasf1.
- "The operation". www.ronniepeterson.se. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- "The Death notice". www.ronniepeterson.se. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- "Ronnie Peterson dies from crash". The Morning Record and Journal. 12 September 1978. p. 10.
- email@example.com, The Motorsport Memorial Team. "Motorsport Memorial -". www.motorsportmemorial.org. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- "1978 Italian Grand Prix". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Italy 1978 - Championship • STATS F1". www.statsf1.com. Retrieved 18 March 2019.