1974 in comics
Events and publicationsEdit
- From May to September, Marvel debuts their Giant-Size series, mostly double- or triple-length comics featuring their most popular characters. Many of the Giant-Size books are one-shots; none of the ongoing titles last more than six issues.
- Marvel Fireside Books debuts with Origins of Marvel Comics (Fireside Books/Simon & Schuster).
- Tut le Blanc's comic strip An Altar Boy Named Speck concludes
- January 25–27: Francis Groux, Jean Mardikian, Claude Moliterni organize the first edition of the Angoulême International Comics Festival in Angoulême, France.
- The Demon, with issue #16, is cancelled by DC.
- Doc Savage: The Man of Bronze, with issue #8, is cancelled by Marvel.
- On Italy, first issue of Alter linus (Milano libri), supplement of Linus, dedicated to the adventure comics; of the erotic series Maghella (Ediperiodici) and of the cartoon for children Pinocchio (Bianconi).
- 27 February: The Flemish comics magazine Pats, a weekly children's supplement of the newspapers Het Nieuwsblad, De Standaard, Het Handelsblad, De Gentenaar and De Landwacht, changes its name to the Patskrant. It will run until 23 August 1977, after which its becomes the Stipkrant.
- Adventure Comics #431: Spectre feature begins by writer Michael Fleisher and artist Jim Aparo. It runs through issue #440.
- Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #200: "The Legionnaire Bride of Starfinger" by Cary Bates and Dave Cockrum.
- With issue #18 (February /March cover date), DC Comics' Mister Miracle (1971 series) goes on hiatus.
- Hero for Hire, with issue #17, changes its name to Power Man.
- Special Marvel Edition, with issue #16, is cancelled by Marvel; its numbering continues with Master of Kung Fu (April).
- The Punisher makes his first appearance in The Amazing Spider-Man #129.
- Forbidden Tales of Dark Mansion, with issue #15, cancelled by DC.
- Prez, with issue #4, cancelled by DC.
- The first strips of Trino (Triune) by Altan, an irreverent and even profane retelling of the Genesis creation narrative, appear on Linus.
- The last issue of the Dutch underground magazine Aloha is published.
- With issue #164 (April /May cover date), Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen (1954 series) changes its name and format to The Superman Family.
- Master of Kung Fu debuts with issue #17, continuing the numbering of Special Marvel Edition.
- With issue #6, Chilling Adventures in Sorcery changes its name to Red Circle Sorcery. (Red Circle Comics)
- May 19: Paperino ai mondiali (Donald at the World Cup), published by Mondadori for the 1974 FIFA World cup, containing two stories: Paperino ai mondiali di calcio (Donald at the Football world cup), by Romano Scarpa, and Paperino calciatore (Donald football player), by Gian Giacomo Dalmasso and Marco Rota.
- Marvel Comics raises the price of its typical comic book from 20 cents to 25 cents, keeping the page-count at 36.
- Seaboard Periodicals formed by former Marvel Comics publisher Martin Goodman to publish comics under the Atlas Comics banner.
- On Italy, first issue of Corriere della paura (Fear Courier), by Editoriale Corno, anthological magazine of the Marvel horror comics.
- July 11: on Le monde, first chapter of Asterix and Casear’s gift, by Goscinny and Uderzo.
- Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos, with issue #120, is cancelled by Marvel.
- The Amazing World of DC Comics #1, DC's in-house fanzine
- On Italy, firs issue of the erotic series Coxeman (StudioOriga), lasted only two numbers.
- Roy Thomas steps down as Marvel Comics' editor-in-chief, succeeded by Len Wein (color titles) and Marv Wolfman (black-and-white titles).
- Giant-Size Super-Stars, with issue #2, changes its name to Giant-Size Fantastic Four (Marvel Comics).
- Worlds Unknown, with issue #8, is cancelled by Marvel.
- Sub-Mariner, with issue #72, is cancelled by Marvel.
- Giant-Size Chillers, with issue #2, changes its name to Giant-Size Dracula (Marvel Comics).
- Supergirl, with issue #10 (September /October cover date), is cancelled by DC.
- Spider-Man: The Manga, with issue #30, is cancelled by Monthly Shōnen Magazine.
- Daim Press begins to publish I protagonisti (The protagonists), a collection of graphic novels, written and drawn by Rino Albertarelli, about the true lives of the American Frontier's heroes; the first is George Armstrong Custer. The series, very appreciated also for its historical accuracy, is interrupted after less than a year by the author’s death.
- Weird Worlds, with issue #10 (October /November cover date), is cancelled by DC.
- Giant-Size Creatures, with issue #2, changes its name to Giant-Size Werewolf (Marvel Comics).
- Monsters on the Prowl, with issue #30, is cancelled by Marvel.
- Wolverine makes his first appearance in The Incredible Hulk #180.
- In Batman #258 the psychiatric hospital Arkham Asylum makes its first appearance.
- In the magazine Lucky Luke, first chapter of Le cavalier blanc,, by Goscinny and Morris.
- The first issue of the French adult comics magazine Métal Hurlant is published by Les Humanoïdes Associés. It will run until 1987.
Specific date unknownEdit
- The Dutch comics appreciation society Het Stripschap establishes their annual Stripschapprijs, the most important Dutch comics award.
- The final issue of the Flemish comics magazine/fanzine CISO-Magazine is published by Danny De Laet. It changes its name into Stripgids and receive a new chief editor, Jan Smet. Under its new name it will continue until 1985.
- Tim Wallace draws an underground comic strip named Ka-Blam, which features a man whose head explodes after smoking a joint.
- The Costa Rican artist Fernando Zeledón Guzmán creates the satirical comic strip La Semana en Serio in the communist magazine Adelante. It will run until 1991.
- January 15: Richard E. Hughes, American comics writer and editor (Herbie Popnecker), passes away at age 74.
- January 18: Bill Finger, American comics writer and artist (co-creator of Batman and The Green Lantern), dies at age 59.
- February 12: José Robledano, Spanish comics artist (El Suero Maravilloso), dies at age 89.
- February 16: Alfred Mazure, Dutch comics artist and writer, film director and novelist (Dick Bos, Romeo Brown), passes away at the age of 59.
- March 4: Paul Gordeaux, French journalist, historian, playwright, novelist, comedian and comics writer (L' Histoire du Demi-Siècle, Le Crime Ne Paie Pas, Les Amours Célèbres), dies at age 82.
- March 21: Eric Parker, British comics artist and illustrator (worked for Knockout, Buster and Ranger, Pepys' Diary, Tommy Walls), passes away at age 76.
- April 22: Tjalie Robinson, Dutch comics artist (Taaie en Neut), dies at age 63.
- April 27: Jean Bernard-Aldebert, French caricaturist, illustrator and comics artist (Adonis, Gigolette), dies at age 64.
- May 3: Ray Hoppman, American comics artist (Going Down!, This is the Life, Types of Humanity, Morals of Young Mister Wise, Make-A-Comic, Ma, Twinkling Stars, continued Assorted Nuts, Hank and Pete, Famous Fans), dies at age 87.
- May: Gene Bilbrew, American cartoonist and fetish artist, dies at age 50.
- June 22: Alain Saint-Ogan, French comics artist (Zig et Puce), passes away at the age of 78.
- Specific date unknown: William St. John Glenn, British comics artist (Oscar, Dorothea, Ballyscunnion), dies at age 69.
- July 7:
- July 9: Leo Dorfman, American comics writer (National Periodical), dies at age 60.
- July 26: Gene Byrnes, American comics artist (Reg'lar Fellers), dies of a heart ailment at age 84.
- September 5: James Swinnerton, American comics artist and painter (The Little Bears, Mr. Jack, Little Jimmy), dies at age 98.
- September 9: Manuel Urda Marín, Spanish comics artist and animator, passes away at age 86.
- September 18: Gérard Alexandre, French comics artist (continued L'Espiègle Lili), dies at age 60.
- September 21: Paul Robinson, American comics artist (Etta Kett, The Love-Byrds), dies at age 76.
- November 9: Charles W. Winter, American comics artist (Thorny the Cactus, Hank and His Whale, Jit Jones, Diggy the Derrick, Justin Thyme, Lady De Van), dies at age 56.
- December 15: Harry Hershfield, American humorist, radio comedian and comics artist (Abie the Agent), dies at age 89.
- December 22: Adrian Dingle, Welsh-Canadian painter and comics artist (Nelvana of the Northern Lights, The Penguin, Nils Grant, Private Investigator), dies at age 62.
- December 24: Everett M. "Busy" Arnold, American comics publisher (Quality Comics), dies at age 75.
Specific date unknownEdit
- Specific date unknown: Bertie Brown, British comics artist (Homeless Hector, The Brownie Boys, Pa Perkins and Percy, Dad Walker and his Son Wally, Constable Cuddlecook, Smiler and Smudge, Pinhead and Pete, Jumbo Jim and Brother Tim, celebrity comics based on Charlie Chaplin among others), dies at age 86 or 87.
- Specific date unknown: Germán Butze, Mexican comics artist (Los Supersabios, Super Whiz Kids) dies at age 61 or 62.
- Creation Con '74 (Hotel Commodore, New York City)
- January: Angoulême International Comics Festival (Angoulême, France) — first iteration of this festival; 10,000 attendees
- January 25–27: Cosmicon III (York University Winters College, Toronto, Ontario) — official guests include James Warren, Carmine Infantino, Stan Lee, P. J. O'Rourke, Michael Eury, Harvey Kurtzman, Sam Gross, Vaughn Bodē, Bernie Wrightson, Jeff Jones, Howard Chaykin, Neal Adams, Steve Skeates, and Steve Englehart
- March 2: Oak Con II (Sunset Room, Oakland University, Rochester Hills, MI) — produced by Steve Sundahl
- April 17–20: Berkeleycon 74, (Pauley Ballroom, ASUC Building, University of California, Berkeley) — second iteration, organized by local retailer Comics & Comix; guests include Mike Friedrich, Steve Englehart, Frank Brunner, Orvy Jundis, Vaughn Bodē, Jaxon, Rick Griffin, Greg Irons, and Victor Moscoso
- April 27: Comic Mart (Holborn Assembly Hall, London, England)
- Summer: Nostalgia '74, 3rd Annual Chicago Comic and Nostalgia Convention (Chicago, Illinois) — produced by Nancy Warner
- June 20–23: Houstoncon '74 (Sheraton-Lincoln Hotel, Houston, Texas) — merged with Star Trek '74 and produced by Earl Blair, Jr. and G. B. Love (known colloquially as "Houston Double Con"); guests include Walter Koenig, Al Williamson, Dan Adkins, Don Newton, Kenneth Smith, Fred Fredericks, Jock Mahoney, Kirk Alyn, Tom Steele, William Benedict, and stuntman Dave Sharpe
- July 4–8: Comic Art Convention (Hotel Commodore, New York City) — guests include Bob Kane and Marie Severin
- July 21–22: Comicon '74 (British Comic Art Convention) (Regent Centre Hotel, London, England) — organized by Rob Barrow; guests include Denis Gifford; subtitled "Comic Mart Summer Special 1974"
- July 31–August 5: San Diego Comic-Con (El Cortez Hotel, San Diego, California) — official guests: Majel Barrett, Milton Caniff, Frank Capra, Chuck Jones, Walter Koenig, Russ Manning, Russell Myers, Charles M. Schulz, Larry "Seymour" Vincent
- September: OrlandoCon (Howard Johnson’s Hotel, Orlando, Florida) — first edition of the show started by regional chairman of the National Cartoonists Society Jim Ivey; guests include C. C. Beck, Roy Crane, Hal Foster, Ron Goulart, Mel Graff, Les Turner, Ralph Dunagin, Bill Crooks, Harold McCauley, Ralph Dunagin, "Scorchy Smith" artist Edmund Good, and Disney artist Ralph Kent
- October 10–13: Detroit Triple Fan Fair (Detroit, Michigan) — 10th edition of the fair; official guests include Carmine Infantino, Stan Lee, James Warren, Jim Steranko, Michael Kaluta, and Barry Windsor-Smith; other guests include Alan Ormsby, Rich Buckler, Keith Pollard, and Arvell Jones; program cover by Will Eisner
- November: Famous Monsters Convention (New York City) — first annual show, co-produced by Phil Seuling; guests include Forrest J Ackerman, Verne Langdon, Catherine Lorre, Cal Floyd, and Sam Sherman
Comic Fan Art AwardsEdit
- Favorite Writer: Roy Thomas
- Favorite Penciller: Jim Starlin
- Favorite Inker: Tom Palmer
- Favorite Editor: Roy Thomas
- Favorite Comic Book: E-Man (Charlton)
- Favorite Fanzine: The Comic Reader
Presented in 1975 for comics published in 1974:
- Best Continuing Feature: Conan the Barbarian (Marvel Comics)
- Best Individual Story: "Götterdämmerung", in Detective Comics #443 (DC)
- Best Individual Short Story (Dramatic): "Cathedral Perilous" (Manhunter) by Archie Goodwin and Walt Simonson, Detective Comics #441 (DC)
- Best Writer (Dramatic Division): Archie Goodwin
- Best Penciller (Dramatic Division): John Buscema
- Best Inker (Dramatic Division): Dick Giordano
- Best Humor Story: "Kaspar the Dead Baby" Crazy #8 (Marvel)
- Best Writer (Humor Division): Steve Skeates
- Best Penciller (Humor Division): Marie Severin
- Best Inker (Humor Division): Ralph Reese
- Best Letterer: John Costanza
- Best Colorist: Tatjana Wood
- Outstanding New Talent: Craig Russell
- Superior Achievement by an Individual: Roy Thomas
- Hall of Fame: Jack Kirby
First issues by titleEdit
- Release: April /May. Editor: Joe Kubert.
- Release: June. Writer: Steve Englehart (co-plot; script), Frank Brunner (co-plot). Artists: Frank Brunner and Dick Giordano.
- Release: August. Editor: Roy Thomas.
- Release: June. Editor: Roy Thomas.
- Release: September. Editor: Roy Thomas.
- Release: July. Editor: Roy Thomas.
- Release: August. Editor: Roy Thomas.
- Release: September. Editor: Roy Thomas.
- Release: July. Editor: Roy Thomas.
Ka-Zar vol. 2
Independent titles and mangaEdit
- Release: May by Hakusensha.
- Release: November 5 by Fleetway.
- Release: December by Les Humanoïdes Associés.
- Release: by Akita Shoten
- Release: September 28 by D.C. Thomson.
- Release: by Comics and Comix
Initial appearance by character nameEdit
- Anthony Lupus, in Batman #255 (April)
- Harvey Bullock, in Detective Comics #441 (June)
- Global Peace Agency, in OMAC #1 (October)
- Inspector William Henderson, in Action Comics #440 (October)
- Libra, in Justice League of America #111 (June)
- OMAC, in OMAC #1 (October)
- Quentin Turnbull, in Weird Western Tales #22 (March/April)
- Rima, in Rima the Jungle Girl #1 (April /May)
- Sandman, in Sandman #1 (Winter)
- Vartox, in Superman #281 (November)
- Allatou, in Marvel Spotlight #18 (October)
- Alpha the Ultimate Mutant, in Defenders #15 (September)
- Aries (Grover Raymond), in The Avengers #120 (February)
- Baron Macabre, in Jungle Action #9 (May)
- Abe Brown, in Deadly Hands of Kung Fu #1 (April)
- Deathlok (Luther Manning), in Astonishing Tales #25 (August)
- Bob Diamond, in Deadly Hands of Kung Fu #1 (April)
- Doctor Sun, in Tomb of Dracula #16 (January)
- Dragon Lord (Nu-An), in Marvel Premiere #15 (May)
- Equinox, in Marvel Team-Up #23 (July)
- Foolkiller, in Man-Thing #3 (March)
- Gabriel the Devil Hunter, in Haunt of Horror #2 (July)
- Grizzly (Maxwell Markham), in The Amazing Spider-Man #139 (December)
- Hammer and Anvil, in The Incredible Hulk #182 (December)
- Iron Fist, in Marvel Premiere #15 (May)
- Hannibal King, in The Tomb of Dracula #25 (October)
- Lilith, in Giant-Size Chillers featuring Curse of Dracula #1 (June)
- Malice, in Jungle Action vol. 2, #8 (January)
- Nefarius, in Captain America #169 (January)
- Nitro, in Captain Marvel #34 (September)
- Punisher, in The Amazing Spider-Man #129 (February)
- Roxxon Energy Corporation, in Captain America #180 (December)
- Silver Samurai, in Daredevil #111 (July)
- Lin Sun, in Deadly Hands of Kung Fu #1 (April)
- Colleen Wing, in Marvel Premiere #19 (November)
- Wolverine, in The Incredible Hulk #180 (October)
- Wrecking Crew, in Defenders #17 (November)
- Y'Garon, in Giant-Size Dracula #2 (September )
- Tara Fremont, in Tara on the Dark Continent (Paragon Publications)
- Yor the hunter, by Juan Zanotto and Ray Collins, on Skorpio.
- Jonathan Cartland, trapper similar to Jeremiah Johnson, by Michel Blanc-Dumont, on Lucky Luke.
- Yves Sanclair, jet pilot, by Claude Moliterni and Patrice Serres, on Phenix.
- Johnny Focus, press photographer and adventurer, by Attillio Micheluzzi, on Corriere dei Ragazzi (February 24)
- Mickey the Kid and Six-Shoot Goofy, two bounty-hunters in the Far West, ancestors of Mickey and Goofy, by Guido Martina, on Topolino (June 16).
- McAvennie, Michael (2010). "1970s". In Dolan, Hannah (ed.). DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
The Spectre re-materialized in the pages of Adventure Comics. This time, however, he brought along an all-out wrathful disposition, delivering punishments that not only fit the crimes, but arguably exceeded them." "[Michael] Fleisher and [Jim] Aparo's run lasted only ten issues, yet it was widely regarded as some of their finest work, and the character's seminal period.
- "Trino - Dialoghi sulla creazione, la prima striscia di Francesco Tullio Altan". www.slumberland.it. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 159 "DC's 100-page Super Spectaculars were proving popular, so DC said goodbye to Supergirl, Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen, Superman's Girl Friend, Lois Lane, and housed the characters together in Superman Family. Continuing the numbering from where Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen ended, the series featured classic reprints with new tales in the lead spot."
- Gravity, Brian (September 7, 2011). "Archie's Foray Into the Horror Genre". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on March 26, 2012. Retrieved March 25, 2011.
- Wells, John (October 24, 1997), "'Lost' DC: 1971-1975", Comics Buyer's Guide (1249), p. 125,
In the wake of a nationwide paper shortage, DC canceled several of its lower-selling titles in late 1973...[Supergirl #10] and three other completed comic books slated for release in November 1973 (Secret Origins #7, Superman's Girl Friend, Lois Lane #137, and Weird Worlds #10) were put on hold until the summer of 1974.
- https://www.lambiek.https[permanent dead link]://www.lambiek.net/artists/g/glenn_bill.htmnet/artists/g/glenn_bill.htm
- Jennings, Dana. "The Angouleme Convention," The Comics Journal #89 (Mar. 1984), p. 100.
- "On Tap," Pro Tem vol. 13, #16 (Jan. 24, 1974).
- Kasman, Ron. "York University’s Cosmicon: one of Canada’s earliest comics conventions," The Joe Shuster Awards official website (Jan. 19, 2015).
- Fox, M. Steven. "Tales from the Berkeley Con," ComixJoint. Accessed Dec. 8, 2016.
- Skinn, Dez. "Early days of UK comics conventions and marts," Archived 2012-02-01 at the Wayback Machine DezSkinn.com. Accessed Mar. 3, 2013.
- "Texas Entertainment: Texas Grinds Nostalgia," Variety vol. 275, #4 (June 5, 1974), p. 27.
- Weisman, Steven R. "Going Out Guide," New York Times (July 4, 1974 ).
- "Motor City Con," Monster Times #38 (Jan. 1975).
- Miller, John Jackson. "GOETHE/COMIC FAN ART AWARD WINNERS, 1971-74," Comics Buyer's Guide (July 19, 2005). Archived September 20, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- Gale entry, Who's Who of American Comic Books, 1928–1999. Accessed Feb. 4, 2016.
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 161 "In OMAC's first issue, editor/writer/artist Jack Kirby warned readers of "The World That's Coming!", a future world containing wild concepts that are almost frighteningly real today."
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 158 "The legendary tandem of writer Joe Simon and artist/editor Jack Kirby reunited for a one-shot starring the Sandman...Despite the issue's popularity, it would be Simon and Kirby's last collaboration."
- Sanderson, Peter; Gilbert, Laura (2008). "1970s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. Dorling Kindersley. p. 164. ISBN 978-0756641238.
The Thing got his own comic book with the first issue of Marvel Two-in-One, a series that teamed him up with other super heroes.
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 161: "Fans of John Boorman's 1974 sci-fi film Zardoz, starring Sean Connery in revealing red spandex, could appreciate writer Cary Bates and artist Curt Swan's inspiration for Vartox of Valeron."
- "Johnny Focus, fotoreporter ad alto rischio nel fumetto di Attilio Micheluzzi". www.slumberland.it. Retrieved 2019-07-08.