Corto Maltese is a series of adventure and fantasy comics named after the character Corto Maltese, an adventurous sailor. It was created by the Italian comic book creator Hugo Pratt in 1967. The comics are highly praised as some of the most artistic and literary graphic novels ever written and have been translated into numerous languages and adapted into several animated films.
The series features Corto Maltese, an enigmatic sea captain who lives in the first three decades of the 20th century. Born in Valletta on the island of Malta on 10 July 1887, the son of a sailor from Cornwall, and a gypsy from Seville.
In his adventures full of real-world references, Corto has often crossed with real historical characters like the American author Jack London and his nurse Virginia Prentiss, the American outlaw Butch Cassidy, the German World War I flying ace Red Baron, and many others.
The character debuted in the serial Ballad of the Salty Sea, one of several Pratt stories published in the first edition of the magazine Sergeant Kirk in July 1967. The story centers around smugglers and pirates in the World War I-era Pacific Islands. In 1970, Pratt moved to France and began a series of short Corto Maltese stories for the French magazine Pif Gadget, an arrangement lasting four years and producing many 20-page stories. In 1974 he returned to full-length stories, sending Corto to 1918 Siberia in the story Corto Maltese in Siberia, first serialised in the Italian comics magazine Linus.
Pratt continued to produce new stories over the next two decades, many first appearing in the eponymous comics magazine Corto Maltese, until 1988 when the final story Mu, the Lost Continent was serialised, ending in June 1989.
On October 7, 2014, Italian publisher Cong, who owns the rights to Corto Maltese, announced that a new album was being made by writer Juan Díaz Canales and artist Rubén Pellejero. "Under the Midnight Sun" was released in Europe on September 30, 2015 and takes place in 1915. In September 2017, a second album, "Equatoria" set in 1911 was published. In November 2019, a third album, "All Saints Day" set in 1912–1913 was published. The fourth album by Canales and Pellejero was published in September 2022, entitled "Berlin Nocturne". It takes place in Berlin and Prague in 1924.
Corto Maltese (whose name derives from the Andalusian Argot and means "quick hands") is a laconic sea captain adventuring during the early 20th century (1900–1920s). A "rogue with a heart of gold", he is tolerant and sympathetic to the underdog. Born in Valletta on July 10, 1887, he is the son of a British sailor from Cornwall and an Andalusian–Romani witch and prostitute known as "La Niña de Gibraltar". As a boy growing up in the Jewish quarter of Córdoba, Maltese discovered that he had no fate line on his palm and therefore carved his own with his father's razor, determining that his fate was his to choose. Although maintaining a neutral position, Corto instinctively supports the disadvantaged and oppressed.
The character embodies the author's skepticism of national, ideological and religious assertions. Corto befriends people from all walks of life, including the murderous Russian Rasputin (no relation with the historical figure, apart from physical resemblance and some character traits), British heir Tristan Bantam, voodoo priestess Gold Mouth and Czech academic Jeremiah Steiner. He also knows and meets various real-life historical figures, including Jack London, Ernest Hemingway, Hermann Hesse, Butch Cassidy, James Joyce, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Frederick Rolfe, Joseph Conrad, Sükhbaatar, John Reed, White Russian general Roman von Ungern-Sternberg, Enver Pasha of Turkey and Sergei Semenov, modelled after Grigory Semyonov. His acquaintances treat him with great respect, as when a telephone call to Joseph Stalin frees him from arrest when he is threatened with execution on the border of Turkey and Armenia.
Corto Maltese stories range from straight historical adventure to occult dream sequences. He is present when the Red Baron is shot down, helps the Jívaro in South America, and flees Fascists in Venice, but also unwittingly helps Merlin and Oberon to defend Britain and helps Tristan Bantam to visit the lost continent of Mu.
Chronologically, the first adventure, Corto Maltese: The Early Years, happens during the Russo-Japanese War. In other albums he experiences the Great War in several locations, participates in the Russian Civil War after the October Revolution, and appears during the early stages of Fascist Italy. In a separate series by Pratt, The Desert Scorpions, Corto is said to be missing in action in Spain during the Spanish Civil War.
This is a list of the twelve original Corto Maltese novels in chronological order. French editions were published by Casterman, Italian by Edizioni Lizard, English editions by IDW's EuroComics imprint.
- 1905 Corto Maltese: The Early Years (black and white 1981)
- 1913–1915 The Ballad of the Salty Sea (black and white 1967–1969)
- 1916–1917 Under the Sign of Capricorn (black and white 1971)
- 1917 Beyond the Windy Isles (black and white 1970–1971)
- 1917–1918 Celtic Tales (black and white 1971–1972).
- 1918 The Ethiopian (black and white 1972–1973).
- 1918–1920 Corto Maltese in Siberia (black and white 1974–1975).
- 1921 Fable of Venice (black and white 1977).
- 1921–1922 The Golden House of Samarkand (black and white 1980).
- 1923 Tango (black and white 1985).
- 1924 The Secret Rose (black and white 1987).
- 1925 Mu, the Lost Continent (black and white 1988–1989).
- 1911 Equatoria (2017, black and white).
- 1912–1913 All Saints Day (2019, black and white).
- 1915 Under the Midnight Sun (2015, black and white).
- 1924 Berlin Nocturne (2022, black and white).
- 2001 The Black Sea (2021, black and white)
- In 1975–1977, Secondo Bignardi produced semi-animated Corto Maltese stories for the RAI television programme Supergulp, fumetti in TV!.
- A French-language animated film, Corto Maltese, la cour secrète des arcanes adapting Corto Maltese in Siberia, was released in 2002. Also in 2002, Canal + produced a series of Corto Maltese adventures for television, adapting the stories The Ballad of the Salty Sea, Under the Sign of Capricorn, Celtic Tales and The Golden House of Samarkand. Canadian animator and cartoonist Guy Delisle documented his observations of colleagues working on one of these French-language adaptations at SEK Studio in North Korea in Pyongyang.
- On 20 September 2018, a new opera, Corto Maltese: The Ballad of the Salty Sea, based on the stories of Hugo Pratt, premiered at the Teatru Manoel in Valletta (Malta) by the Teatru Manoel Youth Opera, as part of Valletta 2018 European Capital of Culture. The production, which was commissioned and co-produced by the Valletta 2018 Foundation and Teatru Manoel, was an adaptation of The Ballad of the Salty Sea. The opera was composed by Monique Krüs with a libretto by director Corina Van Eijk, based on an original script by Tama Matheson. Stage and set designs were by Jolanda Lanslots.
- Christophe Gans was developing a new live-action film, for release in 2020. It was an adaptation of Corto Maltese in Siberia. It starred Tom Hughes as Corto and Milla Jovovich, and was to be produced by Samuel Hadida. However, it was cancelled due to legal problems.
- In November 2022 it was announced that Frank Miller is going to adapt the graphic novel into a six episodes hourlong tv series with StudioCanal for Canal+.
- Le Monde's 100 Books of the Century for Ballad of the Salt Sea
- Lambiek Comiclopedia. "Hugo Pratt".
- ToutEnBD. "Le Palmarès 1976" (in French). Archived from the original on 2007-03-13.
- "Still alive… and coming back | Corto Maltese | English". cortomaltese.com. Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
- ""The ballad of Corto Maltese" by Ivan Pintor". Archived from the original on 2016-09-22.
- "Aeclectic Tarot's entry for the Corto Maltese Tarot".
- Fondazione Franco Fossati. "Corto Maltese" (in Italian).
- McNary, Dave (November 1, 2018). "Tom Hughes, Milla Jovovich Starring in Swashbuckler 'Corto Maltese'".
- "Corto Maltese : pourquoi l'adaptation de Christophe Gans est-elle annulée ?". AlloCiné.
- Fleming Jr., Mike (November 28, 2022). "Studiocanal, Frank Miller Steer Series Voyage Of Hugo Pratt Seafaring Graphic Novels 'Corto Maltese'". Retrieved November 29, 2022.