1965 Kerala Legislative Assembly election

The Kerala Legislative Assembly election of 1965 was held to elect members to the third Niyamasabha. Communist Party of India (Marxist), which was the splinter faction of Communist Party of India, emerged as the largest party in the assembly with 40 seats, followed by Indian National Congress with 36. However no single party could form a ministry commanding majority and hence this election is considered abortive. On March 25, President's rule was invoked for the fourth time.[2][3]

1965 Kerala Legislative Assembly election

← 1960 4 March 1965 1967 →

All 133 seats in the Kerala Legislative Assembly
67 seats needed for a majority
Turnout75.12% (Decrease10.60)
  First party Second party Third party
  E. M. S. Namboodiripad.jpg R. Sankar (cropped).jpg
Leader E. M. S. Namboodiripad R. Sankar K. M. George
Party CPI (M) INC KEC
Alliance With IUML, SSP[1] None None
Leader's seat Pattambi Kollam Poonjar
Last election New 63 New
Seats won 40 36 25
Seat change N/A Decrease27 N/A
Popular vote 1,257,869 2,123,660 796,291
Percentage 19.87% 33.55% 12.58%
Swing N/A Decrease0.87% N/A

Chief Minister before election

R. Sankar
INC

Chief Minister

Vacant
President's Rule

BackgroundEdit

Both the Indian National Congress and the Communist Party of India went through big changes during the period that preceded the elections in 1965. Congress was split and a new state party Kerala Congress was formed.

Communist Party of India also went through a split during this time, forming CPI(M).

ConstituenciesEdit

There were 133 constituencies in total, out of which 120 were General Category, 11 Scheduled Castes, and 2 Scheduled Tribe seats.

Political partiesEdit

Three national parties - Indian National Congress, Communist Party of India and Communist Party of India (Marxist) and three state level parties Kerala Congress, Indian Union Muslim League and Samyukta Socialist Party took part in the elections.

ResultsEdit

e • d Summary of results of the 1965 Kerala Legislative Assembly election [4][5]
Political Party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net Change
in seats
% of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress 133 36   27 27.07 21,23,660 33.55   0.87
Communist Party of India   79 3   28 2.26 525,456 8.3   30.84
Communist Party of India (Marxist)   73 40 New 30.08 1,257,869 19.87 New
Kerala Congress 54 23 New 17.29 796,291 12.58 New
IUML 16 6 4.51 242,529 3.83
Samyukta Socialist Party 29 13 New 9.77 514,689 8.13 New
Independent 174 12   7 9.02 869,843 13.74 N/A
Total Seats 133 (  0) Voters 6,330,337

By ConstituencyEdit

A. C. NO. Assembly Constituency Name Category Winner Candidates Name Gender Party Vote Runner-up Candidates Name Gender Party Vote
1 Manjeshwar GEN Mahabala Bhandary M INC 20983 M. Ramanna Rai M CPI(M) 15139
2 Kasaragod GEN E. Abdul Kader M IND 21923 K.A. Shetty M INC 19784
3 Hosdurg GEN N.K. Balakrishnan M SSP 30558 M.Kunhikannan Nambiar M INC 17116
4 Nileswar GEN V.V. Kunhamboo M CPI(M) 30547 K.V. Kunhambu M INC 14175
5 Edakkad GEN C. Kannan M CPI(M) 30716 P.P. Lakshmanan M INC 23072
6 Cannanore GEN K.M. Aboobacker M IND 31448 P. Madhavan M INC 24522
7 Madayi GEN K.P.R. Gopalan M CPI(M) 26784 P. Gopalan M INC 15034
8 Payyannur GEN A.V. Kunhambu M CPI(M) 29537 V.K. Kunhikrishnan Nair M INC 17062
9 Taliparamba GEN K.P. Raghava Poduval M CPI(M) 29430 N.C. Varghese M INC 22638
10 Irikkur GEN E.P. Krishnan Nambiar M CPI(M) 27284 A. Narayanana Nambissan M INC 17033
11 Kuthuparamba GEN K.K. Abu M SSP 26498 M.P. Moidu Hajee M INC 20416
12 Tellicherry GEN P. Gopalan M CPI(M) 27981 P. Nanu M INC 19766
13 Peringalam GEN P. Ramunni Kurup M SSP 34580 N. Madusudhanan Nambiar M INC 19797
14 North Wynad (ST) K.K. Annan M IND 18078 M.V. Rajan M INC 10461
15 Badagara GEN M. Krishnan M SSP 35197 T. Krishnan M INC 13262
16 Nadapuram GEN C.H. Kanaran M CPI(M) 26224 K.P. Padmanabhan M INC 14582
17 Meppayur GEN M.K Kelu M CPI(M) 23998 K. Gopalan M INC 15555
18 Quilandy GEN K.B. Menon M SSP 33910 E. Rajagopalan Nair M INC 24903
19 Perambra GEN V.V. Dakshina Mootrhy Variar M CPI(M) 25065 K.T. Kunhiraman Nayar M INC 16205
20 Balusseri GEN A.K. Appu M SSP 29593 O.K. Govindan M INC 23407
21 Kunnamangalam GEN V. Kuttikrishnan Nair M SSP 30360 P.K. Imbichi Ahammed Haji M INC 13178
22 Kalpetta GEN B. Wellingdon M IND 17549 Joseph Pulikkanael M IND 11187
23 South Wynad (ST) M. Ramunni M SSP 20256 Nochamvayal Veliya Moopan M INC 15076
24 Calicut- I GEN P.C. Raghavan Nair M CPI(M) 27671 M. Kamalam F INC 25125
25 Calicut- II GEN P.M. Aboobacker M IND 30025 K.P. Ramunnimenon M INC 21121
26 Beypore GEN K. Chatunny M CPI(M) 25342 O.T. Saradakrishnan F INC 14958
27 Tirurangadi GEN K. Avukaderkutty Naha M ML 20836 T.P. Kunhalankutty M INC 19594
28 Tanur GEN C. Muhamed Kutty M ML 25351 K. Kunhimohammed M INC 12338
29 Tirur GEN K. Moideenkutty Haji M ML 18366 M. Padmanabhan Nair M INC 14696
30 Kuttippuram GEN Mohisin Bin Ahamed M ML 17878 T.R. Kunhikrishnan M CPI(M) 12402
31 Kondotty GEN M. Moideenkutty Haji M ML 24757 M. Usman M INC 15174
32 Malappuram GEN M.P.M. Ahmed Kurikkal M ML 25251 P. Ahamed Kutty M CPI(M) 12745
33 Manjeri (SC) U. Uthaman M IND 20060 V. Eacharan M INC 13124
34 Nilambur GEN K. Kunhali M CPI(M) 17914 A. Mohamed M INC 10753
35 Ponnani GEN K.G. Karunakaramenon M INC 15881 V.P.C. Thangal M ML 14609
36 Thrithala (SC) E.T. Kunhan M CPI(M) 21815 K. Kunhambu M INC 15806
37 Pattambi GEN E.M. Sankaran Namboodiripad M CPI(M) 19992 K.P. Thangal M CPI 12213
38 Ottapalam GEN P.P. Krishnan M CPI(M) 20802 K. Sankaranarayanana M INC 12560
39 Sreekrishnapuram GEN C. Govinda Panicker M CPI(M) 16571 M. Narayana Kurup M INC 9663
40 Mankada GEN P. Muhammedkutty M CPI(M) 17875 K.K. Sayed Ussan Koya M ML 16582
41 Perinthalmanna GEN C. Koya M CPI(M) 17426 K. Hassan Gani M ML 12388
42 Mannarghat GEN P.A. Sankaran M CPI(M) 16099 A.Chandran Nair M INC 7503
43 Palghat GEN M.V. Vasu M CPI(M) 17747 K. Pyarijan Sunna Sahib M INC 13260
44 Malampuzha GEN M.P. Kunhiraman M CPI(M) 27835 C.V. Ramachandran M INC 13484
45 Chittur GEN K. A. Sivarama Bharathy M SSP 24630 Leela Damodara Menon F INC 17100
46 Kollengode GEN C. Vasudeva Menon M CPI(M) 22749 P. N. Krishnan M INC 13274
47 Alathur GEN R. Krishnan M CPI(M) 26328 A. Narayanan M INC 12472
48 Kuzhalmannam (SC) O. Koran M SSP 23477 K. Eacharan M INC 12021
49 Chelakara (SC) K. K. Balakrishnan M INC 17283 C. K. Chakrapani M CPI(M) 17177
50 Wadakkanchery GEN N. K. Seshan M SSP 22352 V. K. Achutha Menon M INC 19045
51 Kunnamkulam GEN T. K. Krishnan M CPI(M) 26448 M. K. Raja M INC 25354
52 Manalur GEN I. M. Velayudhan M INC 23009 B. Wellington M IND 15310
53 Trichur GEN T. P. Seetharaman M INC 22777 C. L. Varkey M CPI(M) 18572
54 Ollur GEN A. V. Aryan M CPI(M) 20180 P. R. Francis M INC 19475
55 Irinjalakuda GEN K. T. Achuthan M INC 19302 P. Appukutta Menon M IND 13143
56 Kodakara GEN P. S. Namboodiri M CPI 18755 C. G. Janardhanan M INC 16393
57 Chalakudi GEN P. P. George M INC 18873 B. C. Varughese M IND 14165
58 Mala GEN K. Karunakaran M INC 18044 K. A. Thomas M CPI 13282
59 Guruvayoor GEN P. K. Abdul Majeed M IND 20322 M. V. Aboobacker M INC 19831
60 Nattika GEN Ramu M IND 27704 V. K. Kumaran M INC 24418
61 Cranganore GEN K. C. M. Mather M INC 25330 Gopalakrishna Menon M CPI 13847
62 Ankamali GEN John M KC 19828 Geervacis M INC 13840
63 Vadakkekara GEN Abdul Jaleel M IND 25288 K. R. Vijayan M INC 22935
64 Parur GEN K. T. George M INC 24678 K. G. Raman Menon M SSP 14402
65 Narakkal GEN K. C. Abraham M INC 24713 A. S. Purushothaman M CPI(M) 17141
66 Mattancherry GEN M. P. Muhamed Jaferkhan M IND 24933 K. K. Vishwanathan M INC 15951
67 Palluruthy GEN P. Gangadharan M CPI(M) 22717 A. L. Jacob M INC 19151
68 Thrippunithura GEN T. K. Ramakrishnan M CPI(M) 24387 Paul M INC 22016
69 Ernakulam GEN P. J. Alexander M INC 20853 T. A. Mohammed Kunju M IND 9999
70 Alwaye GEN V. P. Marakkar M INC 22659 P. K. Kunju M SSP 21556
71 Perumbavoor GEN P. Govinda Pillai M CPI(M) 21265 C. P. Poulose M KC 12874
72 Kunnathunad (SC) K. K. Madhavan M INC 22635 M, K. Krishnan M CPI(M) 20834
73 Kothamangalam GEN K. M. George M KC 18744 N. P. Varghese M INC 18198
74 Muvattupuzha GEN A. T. Pathorse M KC 18929 E. P. Poulose M INC 14659
75 Thodupuzha GEN C. A. Mathew M KC 18937 Zacharia Chacko M IND 14844
76 Karimannoor GEN Chacko Kuriakose M KC 15897 M. M. Thomas M IND 11650
77 Devicolam (SC) G. Varathan M CPI(M) 16472 T. Murukesan M INC 15483
78 Udumbanchola GEN K. T. Jacob M CPI 17374 M. Mathachan M KC 15627
79 Permade (SC) K. I. Rajan M CPI(M) 12345 N. Ganapathy M INC 8835
80 Kanjirappally GEN Kurian Varkey M KC 18206 Mustafa Kamal M INC 17468
81 Vazhoor GEN K. Narayana Kurup M KC 20629 N. Govinda Menon M INC 9611
82 Changanacherry GEN K. J. Chacko M KC 21134 K. G. Neelakantan Nambudiripad M CPI 16893
83 Puthuppally GEN E. M. George M CPI(M) 15571 Thomas Rajan M INC 13736
84 Kottayam GEN M. K. George M CPI(M) 17880 M. P. Govindan Nair M INC 14396
85 Ettumanoor GEN M. M. Joseph M KC 23400 Mustafa Khani Rawther M INC 15178
86 Akalakunnam GEN J. A. Chacko M KC 22913 Vasudevan Kartha M IND 13755
87 Poonjar GEN P. D. Thommen M IND 21975 V. I. Purushothaman M IND 14926
88 Palai GEN K. M. Mani M KC 25833 V. T. Thomas M IND 16248
89 Kaduthuruthy GEN Joseph Chazhikattu M KC 26597 M. C. Abraham M INC 12344
90 Vaikom GEN P. Parameswaran M INC 15255 K. N. Narayanan Nair M KC 15167
91 Aroor GEN K. R. Gouri Thomas F CPI(M) 19426 Devaki Krishnan F INC 14843
92 Sherthala GEN C. V. Jacob M KC 15070 P. S. Karthikeyan M INC 13192
93 Mararikulam GEN Suseela Gopalan F CPI(M) 22424 P. Karunakara Thandar M INC 16707
94 Alleppey GEN G. Chidambara Iyer M INC 13997 T. V. Thomas M CPI 12693
95 Ambalapuzha GEN K. S. Krishna Kurup M INC 16657 V. S. Atchuthanandan M CPI(M) 14330
96 Kuttanad GEN Thomas John M KC 25319 V. Z. Job M INC 15067
97 Haripad GEN K. P. Ramakrishnan Nair M INC 23644 C. B. Chandrasekhara Warrier M CPI(M) 17178
98 Kayamkulam GEN Sukumaran M CPI(M) 17522 Prabhakaran M INC 17179
99 Thiruvalla GEN E. J. Jacob M KC 27809 K. Kurian Joseph M INC 12899
100 Kallooppara GEN George Thomas M KC 25422 K. R. Keshava Pillai M CPI(M) 9774
101 Aranmula GEN N. Bhaskaran Nair M KC 22000 K. Velayudhan Nair M INC 17031
102 Chengannur GEN K. R. Saraswathi Amma F KC 26248 N. S. Krishna Pillai M INC 12135
103 Mavelikara GEN K. K. Chellappan Pillai M INC 19391 G. Gopinatha Pillai M SSP 14058
104 Pandalam (SC) P. K. Kunjachan M CPI(M) 20241 T. Kandankaly M INC 15091
105 Ranni GEN E. M. Thomas M KC 21707 M. Sanny M INC 14005
106 Pathanamthitta GEN V. I. Idiculla M KC 24574 K. Karunakaran Nair M IND 19222
107 Konni GEN P. J. Thomas M INC 17064 K. M. George M KC 14972
108 Pathanapuram (SC) P. C. Adichan M CPI 13948 P. K. Ramachandra Das M INC 13172
109 Punalur GEN C. M. Stephen M INC 14599 K. Krishna Pillai M CPI 13787
110 Chadayamangalam GEN D. Damodaran Potty M SSP 16291 N. Bhaskaran Pillai M INC 16269
111 Kottarakkara GEN R. Balakrishna Pillai M KC 27534 E. Chandrasekharan Nair M CPI 19395
112 Kunnathur (SC) T. Krishnan M KC 15734 T. Kesavan M CPI 12297
113 Adoor GEN K. K. Gopalan Nair M KC 17651 P. Ramalinga Ayyar M CPI 15287
114 Krishnapuram GEN M. K. Hemachandran M INC 19842 Unnikrishna Pillai M CPI 16229
115 Karunagappally GEN Kunjukrishnan M INC 19762 Bhasi M IND 17468
116 Quilon GEN Henry Austin M INC 13749 T. K. Divakaran M IND 13499
117 Kundara GEN Sankara Narayana Pillai M INC 20166 Chitharanjan M CPI 14126
118 Eravipuram GEN Abdul Rahim M INC 19114 Sankaran Unni M IND 18458
119 Chathannoor GEN Thankanppan Pillai M IND 17462 P. Ravindran M CPI 16694
120 Varkala GEN K. Shahul Hameed M INC 21092 V. Radhakrishnan M CPI(M) 12381
121 Attingal GEN K. Anirudhan M CPI(M) 25598 R .Sankar M INC 23515
122 Kilimanoor (SC) C. K. Balakrishnan M CPI(M) 17911 K. Sivadasan M INC 17567
123 Vamanapuram GEN M.Kunjukrishna Pillai M INC 18017 Vasudevan Pillai M CPI(M) 16968
124 Aryanad GEN V. Sankaran M INC 11187 M. Abdul Majeed M SSP 9890
125 Nedumangad GEN S. Varadarajan Nair M INC 21674 Neelakantaru Pandarathil M CPI 9625
126 Kazhakuttam GEN N. Lakshmanan M INC 17379 K. P. Alikunju M CPI(M) 14011
127 Trivandrum I GEN B. Madhavan Nair M SSP 14865 M. N. Gopinathan Nair M INC 14638
128 Trivandrum I I GEN Wilfred Sebastian M INC 18129 E. P. Eapen M SSP 14286
129 Nemom GEN M. Sadasivan M CPI(M) 17756 P. Narayan Nair M INC 15043
130 Kovalam GEN M. Kunjukrishnan Nadar M INC 19896 Camalias Moraes M KC 8972
131 Vilappil GEN M. Bhaskarannair M INC 21850 G. Krishnan Nair M SSP 15653
132 Neyyattinkara GEN G. Chandrasekhara Pillai M INC 18003 Sathyanesan M CPI(M) 15177
133 Parassala GEN N. Gamaliel M INC 25949 S. Sukumaran Nair M SSP 12246

[6]

Government formationEdit

No party or group was able to form a government due to the fractured nature of results. The result was the dissolution of the assembly again, and the state was again under President's Rule.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.onmanorama.com/news/kerala/2020/07/05/kanam-rajendran-kcm-kodiyeri-balakrishnan.html
  2. ^ "History of Kerala Legislature". Kerala Government. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  3. ^ http://www.ceo.kerala.gov.in/pdf/KLA/KL_1965_ST_REP.pdf
  4. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1960 : To the Legislative Assembly of Kerala" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  5. ^ Thomas Johnson Nossiter (1 January 1982). Communism in Kerala: A Study in Political Adaptation. University of California Press. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-520-04667-2.
  6. ^ "Kerala Assembly Election Results in 1965". www.elections.in. Retrieved 6 September 2020.