1935 Victorian state election

The 1935 Victorian state election was held in the Australian state of Victoria on Saturday 2 March 1935 to elect 53 of the 65 members of the state's Legislative Assembly. 12 seats were uncontested.

1935 Victorian state election

← 1932 2 March 1935 (1935-03-02) 1937 →

53 (of the 65) seats in the Victorian Legislative Assembly
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Sir Stanley Argyle Murray Bourchier Tom Tunnecliffe
Party United Australia United Country Labor
Leader since 3 September 1930 27 June 1933 14 July 1932
Leader's seat Toorak Goulburn Valley Collingwood
Last election 31 seats 14 seats 16 seats
Seats before 29 seats 17 seats 16 seats
Seats won 25 seats 20 seats 17 seats
Seat change Decrease 4 Increase 3 Increase 1
Percentage 36.17% 13.71% 37.93%
Swing Decrease 3.95 Increase 1.38 Increase 2.79

Premier before election

Sir Stanley Argyle
United Australia

Elected Premier

Sir Stanley Argyle
United Australia

Background edit

At the 1932 state election, the United Australia Party won 31 seats, the United Country Party won 16 seats, and the Australian Labor Party won 14 seats. Since the election the UAP had lost two seats to the UCP in by-elections: Benambra on 15 October 1932,[1] and Gunbower on 1 May 1934.[2]

On 16 May 1933, the UAP member for Waranga, Ernest Coyle, resigned from that party and defected to the UCP.[3]

James Vinton Smith was unendorsed by the UAP at the time of the 1932 election, and won the seat of Oakleigh as an Independent, but was fully endorsed by the party at the 1935 election.[4]

At the end of the Parliament, the United Australia Party held 29 seats (down from 31), the United Country Party held 19 seats (up from 16), and the ALP held 14 seats (unchanged).

Results edit

Legislative Assembly edit

Victorian state election, 2 March 1935[5][6]
Legislative Assembly
<< 19321937 >>

Enrolled voters 904,191
Votes cast 853,470 Turnout 94.39 +0.19
Informal votes 14,150 Informal 1.65 +0.24
Summary of votes by party
Party Primary votes % Swing Seats Change
  Labor 318,390 37.93 +2.79 17 +1
  United Australia 303,626 36.17 −3.95 25 −4
  United Country 115,064 13.71 +1.38 20 +3
  Communist 9,301 1.11 +0.97 0 ±0
  Independent 92,939 11.08 +1.37 3 ±0
Total 839,320     65  


Subsequent events edit

The United Australia Party and the United Country Party had entered the election as a Coalition. The coalition won a comfortable majority, winning a total 44 seats in the 65 seat assembly. UAP leader Sir Stanley Argyle was confirmed as Premier, and formed what was known as the National Ministry, which included three members of the Country Party (Albert Dunstan, John Allan and George Goudie).

On 5 March, rumours began to appear which suggested that the Country Party would demand a greater proportion of the ministry, including the Deputy Premiership, four of the eight full portfolios and at least one Honorary Minister, and it was suggested that they would challenge the UAP on the floor of the Assembly if this was not granted.[7]

On 15 March, the United Country Party overthrew leader Murray Bourchier, and replaced him with Albert Dunstan.

On 19 March, a joint conference of the Country Party's central council and the parliamentary party voted in a secret ballot to discontinue the party's association with Argyle's National Ministry, and Dunstan, Allan and Goudie resigned from Argyle's cabinet the next day.[8]

At 10.30pm on Thursday 28 March, after a spirited sixteen-hour debate, Dunstan moved a motion of no confidence against Argyle's government. With the support of the Country Party, the Labor Party and three independents, the motion was carried on division by 40 votes to 23.[9]

Argyle informed the Governor of Victoria, Lord Huntingfield, of his ministry's resignation on 29 March. The Governor sought a meeting with Dunstan, but postponed the decision to commission him as Premier until the following Tuesday (2 April), due to his doubts about Dunstan's ability to form a stable ministry with Labor support.[10] Dunstan was appointed Premier on 2 April 1935 and formed a minority Country Party government with Labor Party support in return for some legislative concessions.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "BENAMBRA BY ELECTION WON BY U.C.P." The Horsham Times. Vic. 25 October 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 29 May 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  2. ^ "GUNBOWER BY-ELECTION". The Mercury. Hobart, Tasmania. 17 May 1934. p. 11. Retrieved 29 May 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  3. ^ "DEFECTION FROM U.A.P." The Argus. Melbourne. 17 May 1933. p. 7. Retrieved 29 May 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  4. ^ "ELECTION CAMPAIGN NEARS END". The Argus. Melbourne. 27 February 1935. p. 8. Retrieved 29 May 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  5. ^ Election held on 2 March 1935, Australian Politics and Elections Database (University of Western Australia).
  6. ^ a b Colin A Hughes, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890–1964, Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968 (ISBN 0708102700).
  7. ^ "RUMORS REGARDING VICTORIAN CABINET". The Barrier Miner. Broken Hill, NSW. 6 March 1935. p. 4. Retrieved 28 May 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ "WITHDRAWAL FROM THE MINISTRY COUNTRY PARTY'S MOMENTOUS DECISION". The Argus. Melbourne. 20 March 1935. p. 7. Retrieved 28 May 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  9. ^ "ARGYLE MINISTRY DEFEATED RESIGNATION EXPECTED TO-DAY". The Argus. Melbourne. 29 March 1935. p. 7. Retrieved 28 May 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ "New Turn in Victorian Crisis". The Canberra Times. 30 March 1935. p. 1. Retrieved 28 May 2012 – via National Library of Australia.