National Party of Australia – Victoria

The National Party of Australia – Victoria[1] is a political party in Victoria, which forms the state branch of the federal Nationals. Traditionally representing graziers, farmers and rural voters generally. The Victorian Farmer's Union formed in 1914 was the precursor to the Victorian Country Party, later the Nationals.

National Party of Australia – Victoria
LeaderPeter Walsh
Deputy LeaderSteph Ryan
Youth wingYoung Nationals
IdeologyConservatism
Agrarianism
Political positionCentre-right
National affiliationNational Party of Australia
ColoursGreen and Yellow
Legislative Assembly
6 / 88
Legislative Council
1 / 40
House of
Representatives
3 / 37
(Victorian seats)
Senate
1 / 12
(Victorian seats)
Website
vic.nationals.org.au

The party, commonly referred to as "The Nationals," is presently the junior partner in a centre-right Coalition with the Liberal Party, forming a joint Opposition bench. During periods of conservative government, the leader also serves as Deputy Premier of Victoria.

NameEdit

The candidates sponsored by the Victorian Farmers' Union initially used the same name but in parliament also called themselves the Country Party.[2] In 1927 the VFU was reorganised and renamed as the Victorian Country Party.[3] A separate party, the Country Progressive Party, had been formed in April 1926 but merged with the Victorian Country Party in September 1930, with the combined party now named the United Country Party.[4] "United" was dropped from the name in March 1947.[5] On 24 July 1975 the party changed its name to the National Party, following the Queensland branch who had made the change the previous year.[6] From 1999 to 2003, it was popularly known as the VicNats. In 2003, in tandem with the national party, it rebranded as The Nationals, although the official name remains the National Party of Australia.[7]

HistoryEdit

In 1937, United Country Party federal MP John McEwen was expelled from the state branch for accepting a ministry in the Lyons-Page Coalition government. Following a tumultuous party conference in 1938, another federal MP, Thomas Paterson, led a hundred McEwen supporters to form the Liberal Country Party (LCP), a faction of the party loyal to the federal party.[8] In April 1943, the party reconciled with the LCP.[9] In the state election in June, the two parties notionally fielded separate candidates but formed a single block.

Relationship with LiberalsEdit

The party has had a strained relationship with the Liberals for most of the time since the end of World War II. Following the sacking of Country Party leader John McDonald as Deputy Premier by the Liberals in 1948, in March 1949, the Liberals dissolved and formed the Liberal and Country Party, attempting to merge the Liberals and the Victorian branch of the Country Party together.[10] However, this was seen by McDonald as a takeover attempt of the Country Party.[11][12] Six Country MPs defected and joined the new party, which in 1965 became simply known as the Liberals.

While its federal counterpart has been in Coalition with the Liberals and their predecessors for all but a few years since 1923, the Victorian Country (and later Nationals) branch fought elections separately from the Liberals from 1952 to 1989. Even the presence of Victorian John McEwen as federal Country Party leader and the number-two man in the government from 1958 to 1971 didn't heal the breach.[citation needed]

Pat McNamara became leader of the Victorian Nationals in 1988, and two years later reached a new Coalition agreement with the Liberals. The Liberals and Nationals fought the 1992, 1996 and 1999 elections as a Coalition under Jeff Kennett. The Liberals actually won majorities in their own right in 1992 and 1996. Although Kennett thus had no need for the support of the Nationals, he retained the Coalition, with McNamara as Deputy Premier.[citation needed]

However, after the Kennett government's shock defeat in 1999, McNamara's successor as Nationals leader, Peter Ryan, tore up the Coalition agreement.[13] The Nationals were steadily re-defining themselves as a party distinct from the Liberals. Soon after Ryan took over the leadership, they rebranded themselves as the "VicNats." Ryan uttered several sharp criticisms of the Liberals' most prominent figures, particularly their no-tolls policy on the Melbourne Eastlink freeway[14] and on former leader Robert Doyle's remarks that the Liberals were twenty seats from government, a statement that assumed that the Nationals would support a Liberal government.[15]

In mid-2000, McNamara left the parliament and his hitherto safe seat of Benalla was also lost to the ALP. At the 2002 election, the Nationals received 4.3% of the primary vote, maintaining their seven seats in the Assembly and four seats in the Council; the combined total of eleven was the minimum required to maintain Third Party status.[16] However, they did manage to win back Benalla despite the ALP landslide; the only seat the ALP lost at that election.

Relations with the Liberal Party soured further at the beginning of 2006 when Senator Julian McGauran defected from the Nationals to the Liberals.[17] Federal party leader Mark Vaile accused McGauran of betrayal. Ryan was equally unsparing, saying of McGauran, "People treat deserters exactly in the way that this fellow will be treated and reviled for the rest of his days. And justifiably so."[18]

2006 electionEdit

Many commentators had stated that The Nationals were facing electoral oblivion at the 2006 election, especially when rumours emerged of a possible preference deal between the Liberals and the ALP which would favour the Liberals against the Nationals, and the ALP against the Greens.[19] Changes to the Upper House were also likely to slash the Nationals from four members to just one. Ten days prior to the election, Ryan gave what one commentator described the "speech of the campaign thus far" when he lambasted the major parties for their planned actions.

"Welcome", he said, "to Survivor Spring Street", an exercise in reality politics in which "associations that in some instances have been developed for years, amount to an absolute hill of beans", one in which the support offered through long-standing political partnership "is thrown back in your face".[20]

The Nationals went on to increase their primary vote to 5.17%, winning two seats in the Assembly which were offset by two losses in the Legislative Council (the upper house).[21] One notable victory was in Mildura, where Peter Crisp defeated the incumbent Russell Savage (one of the three independents who had removed the Nationals from power in 1999), an event which Ryan described as "an impossible dream".[22]

Premier Steve Bracks resigned unexpectedly in July 2007. Unlike the Liberal leader, Ted Baillieu, Ryan commended Bracks on his parliamentary career and thanked him for his professionalism.[23] This action is in step with what one commentator describes as "an unprecedented warm relationship with the state Labor Government", which includes reciprocating support for committee chairs.[24]

CoalitionEdit

The Nationals stayed on the crossbench until 2008, when they formed a Coalition with the Liberals under Ted Baillieu.[25] The renewed Coalition narrowly won the 2010 state election, but was ousted after one term in 2014. The Coalition arrangement was maintained while the two parties were in opposition.

Leaders of the Victorian National PartyEdit

This is a list of the Leaders of the National Party of Australia in Victoria.

Party Leader Start of Term End of Term Premier Deputy Premier
John Allan 1917 1933 1924 -1927
Murray Bourchier 1933 1935
Sir Albert Dunstan 1935 1945 1935 -1943,1943 -1945 1932
Sir John McDonald 1945 1955 1950 - 1952, 1952 1947 - 1948
Sir Herbert Hyland 1955 1964
George Moss 1964 1970
Peter Ross-Edwards 1970 1988
Pat McNamara 1988 1999 1992 - 1999
Peter Ryan 1999 2014 2010 - 2014
Peter Walsh 3 December 2014 (2014-12-03) incumbent

Election resultsEdit

Note that until the 1960s some seats were uncontested, which can distort the vote shares.

Election Leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
1917 none 21,183 6.13
4 / 65
  4   3rd Crossbench
1920 John Allan 64,500 14.41
13 / 65
  9   3rd Crossbench
1921 John Allan 45,348 14.01
12 / 65
  1   3rd Crossbench
1924 John Allan 43,961 11.97
13 / 65
  1   3rd Crossbench
1927 John Allan 62,218 8.13
10 / 65
  3   3rd Crossbench
1929 John Allan 55,876 8.83
11 / 65
  1   3rd Crossbench
1932 John Allan 83,519 12.33
14 / 65
  1   3rd Coalition
1935 Murray Bourchier 115,064 13.71
20 / 65
  6   2nd Coalition
1937 Albert Dunstan 89,286 11.35
20 / 65
  0   2nd Minority government
1940 Albert Dunstan 109,626 14.06
22 / 65
  2   1st Minority government
1943 Albert Dunstan 123,902[1] 14.39
25 / 65
  5   1st Minority government
1945 Albert Dunstan 163,940 18.67
18 / 65
  7   2nd Opposition
1947 John McDonald 177,698 14.92
20 / 65
  2   2nd Coalition
1950 John McDonald 128,537 10.64
13 / 65
  7   3rd Coalition
1952 John McDonald 85,843 8.34
12 / 65
  1   2nd Opposition
1955 Herbert Hyland 122,999 9.53
10 / 66
  2   3rd Crossbench
1958 Herbert Hyland 127,228 9.30
9 / 66
  1   3rd Crossbench
1961 Herbert Hyland 102,184 7.14
9 / 66
  0   3rd Crossbench
1964 Herbert Hyland 132,067 8.76
10 / 66
  1   3rd Crossbench
1967 George Moss 136,126 8.65
12 / 73
  2   3rd Crossbench
1970 George Moss 107,011 6.40
8 / 73
  4   3rd Crossbench
1973 Peter Ross-Edwards 113,029 5.96
8 / 73
  0   3rd Crossbench
1976 Peter Ross-Edwards 144,818 7.10
7 / 81
  1   3rd Crossbench
1979 Peter Ross-Edwards 119,385 5.61
8 / 81
  1   3rd Crossbench
1982 Peter Ross-Edwards 111,579 4.97
8 / 81
  0   3rd Crossbench
1985 Peter Ross-Edwards 174,727 7.29
10 / 88
  2   3rd Crossbench
1988 Pat McNamara 188,776 7.76
9 / 88
  1   3rd Crossbench
1992 Pat McNamara 204,525 7.83
9 / 88
  0   3rd Coalition
1996 Pat McNamara 184,419 6.69
9 / 88
  0   3rd Coalition
1999 Pat McNamara 135,930 4.80
7 / 88
  2   3rd Crossbench
2002 Peter Ryan 125,003 4.30
7 / 88
  0   3rd Crossbench
2006 Peter Ryan 153,299 5.17
9 / 88
  2   3rd Crossbench
2010 Peter Ryan 213,492 6.75
10 / 88
  1   3rd Coalition
2014 Peter Ryan 185,619 5.53
8 / 88
  2   3rd Opposition
2018 Peter Walsh 167,625 4.77
6 / 88
  2  3rd Opposition
1 In 1943 the party reconciled with the breakaway Liberal Country Party. The two parties notionally fielded separate candidates but formed a single block; the table shows the combined result for the parties. The Country Party received 112,164 votes (13.03%) and 18 seats, the Liberal Country Party, standing as the Victorian Country Party, 11,738 votes (1.36%) and 7 seats, 6 of them unopposed.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Current register of political parties". Australian Electoral Commission. 22 March 2017. Archived from the original on 18 April 2018.
  2. ^ Costar, Brian (2006). "John Allan: The first agrarian". In Strangio, Paul; Costar, Brian (eds.). The Victorian Premiers, 1856-2006. The Federation Press. p. 196n. ISBN 9781862876019.
  3. ^ "THE NEW FOR THE OLD V.F.U. BECOMES V.C.P." Wodonga and Towong Sentinel. Vic. 25 March 1927. p. 2. Retrieved 13 November 2013 – via National Library of Australia.
  4. ^ J. B. Paul, 'Dunstan, Sir Albert Arthur (1882–1950)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/dunstan-sir-albert-arthur-6055/text10357, published first in hardcopy 1981, accessed online 7 July 2018.
  5. ^ "26 Mar 1947 - LIBERAL-CP POLL TALKS - Trove". Trove.nla.gov.au. 26 March 1947. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  6. ^ Davey, Paul (2006). The Nationals: The Progressive, Country and National Party in New South Wales 1919 to 2006. The Federation Press. p. 453. ISBN 9781862875265.
  7. ^ Party Website – History of The Nationals Archived 29 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Costar, B. J. (1988). "Paterson, Thomas (1882–1952)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 3 September 2014 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  9. ^ "Victorian C.P. Amalgamation". The Daily Advertiser. Wagga Wagga, N.S.W.: National Library of Australia. 10 April 1943. p. 2. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  10. ^ "Plans for United CP-Lib Party". The Argus. 5 February 1949. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  11. ^ Brian Costar (1985). "National–Liberal Party Relations in Victoria". In Hay, P. R.; et al. (eds.). Essays on Victorian Politics. Warrnambool: Warrnambool Institute Press.
  12. ^ Ian Hancock (2002). John Gorton: He Did It His Way. Hodder. ISBN 0733614396.
  13. ^ Chris Johnston – Attack the best defence for Ryan. Thanks, CiceroThe Age, 27 November 2006
  14. ^ Nick Lenaghan Opposition splits on tollway
  15. ^ Jason Dowling State Nationals send warning to Doyle, The Age, 29 January 2006
  16. ^ Victorian Electoral Commission – 2002 Election Results Archived 17 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Liberals accept McGauran The Herald Sun, 3 February 2006
  18. ^ PM denies Liberals poached McGauran The Age, 24 January 2006
  19. ^ Paul Austin – Nats 'will retaliate' on preferencesThe Age, 7 November 2006
  20. ^ Paul Austin – The preferences fallout: Peter Ryan plays 'Survivor of Spring Street'The Age, 16 November 2006
  21. ^ Victorian Electoral Commission – 2006 Election Results Archived 24 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ Chris Johnston – Attack the best defence for Ryan. Thanks, CiceroThe Age,27 November 2006
  23. ^ Steve Bracks Resigns Archived 25 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine – Comments by Baillieu and Ryan, 28 July 2007
  24. ^ Jason Dowling – Wanna be in my gang?The Age, 4 March 2007
  25. ^ David Rood – Libs, Nats revive coalitionThe Age, 11 February 2008

External linksEdit