Open main menu

1906 and 1907 United States Senate elections

The United States Senate elections of 1906 and 1907 were elections which had the Republican Party gain three seats in the United States Senate, expanding their majority to more twice that of the opposing Democratic Party.

United States Senate elections, 1906 and 1907

← 1904/05 January 9, 1906 –
February 5, 1907
1908/09 →

30 of the 90 seats in the United States Senate
(as well as special elections)
46 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  William B. Allison - Brady-Handy.jpg Charles Allen Culberson.jpg
Leader William B. Allison Charles Culberson
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Iowa Texas
Seats before 57 33
Seats won 18 10
Seats after 60 28
Seat change Increase 3 Decrease 5
Seats up '15 15

Majority Party before election

Republican
Republican

Elected Majority Party


Republican

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Results summaryEdit

Senate Party Division, 60th Congress (1907–1909)

  • Majority Party: Republican (60)
  • Minority Party: Democratic (29)
  • Other Parties: (0)
  • Total Seats: 90

Change in Senate compositionEdit

Before the electionsEdit

At the beginning of 1906.

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5
D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9 D8 D7 D6
D16 D17 D18 D19
Ran
D20
Ran
D21
Ran
D22
Ran
D23
Ran
D24
Ran
D25
Ran
R56
Retired
R57
Retired
D33
Retired
D32
Retired
D31
Retired
D30
Ran
D29
Ran
D28
Ran
D27
Ran
D26
Ran
R55
Retired
R54
Retired
R53
Ran
R52
Ran
R51
Ran
R50
Ran
R49
Ran
R48
Ran
R47
Ran
R46
Ran
Majority →
R36 R37 R38 R39 R40 R41 R42 R43
Ran
R44
Ran
R45
Ran
R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29 R28 R27 R26
R16 R17 R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25
R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9 R8 R7 R6
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5

Result of the general electionsEdit

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5
D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9 D8 D7 D6
D16 D17 D18 D19
Re-elected
D20
Re-elected
D21
Re-elected
D22
Re-elected
D23
Re-elected
D24
Re-elected
D25
Re-elected
R56
Hold
R57
Gain
R58
Gain
R59
Gain
R60
Gain
V1
R Loss
V2
D Loss
D28
Hold
D27
Hold
D26
Hold
R55
Hold
R54
Hold
R53
Hold
R52
Hold
R51
Re-elected
R50
Re-elected
R49
Re-elected
R48
Re-elected
R47
Re-elected
R46
Re-elected
Majority due to vacancies→ R45
Re-elected
R36 R37 R38 R39 R40 R41 R42 R43
Re-elected
R44
Re-elected
R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29 R28 R27 R26
R16 R17 R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25
R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9 R8 R7 R6
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5

Beginning of the next CongressEdit

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5
D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9 D8 D7 D6
D16 D17 D18 D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25
R56 R57 R58 R59 R60 V1 D29
Gain
D28 D27 D26
R55 R54 R53 R52 R51 R50 R49 R48 R47 R46
Majority due to vacancy→ R45
R36 R37 R38 R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44
R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29 R28 R27 R26
R16 R17 R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25
R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9 R8 R7 R6
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican
V# Vacant

Race summariesEdit

Elections during the 59th CongressEdit

In these elections, the winners were seated during 1906 or in 1907 before March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware
(Class 1)
Vacant Legislature had previously failed to elect.
New senator elected June 12, 1906.[1]
Kansas
(Class 2)
Alfred W. Benson Republican 1906 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected January 22, 1907.
Republican hold.
Winner was also elected to the next term, see below.
Oregon
(Class 2)
John M. Gearin Democratic 1905 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired January 22, 1907 when successor elected.
New senator elected January 22, 1907.[3][4][5]
Republican gain.
Winner was not elected to the next term, see below.
Michigan
(Class 2)
Russell A. Alger Republican 1902 (Appointed)
1903 (Special)
Incumbent died January 24, 1907.
New senator elected February 5, 1907.[5]
Republican hold.
Winner had already been elected to the next term, see below.

In this election, the winner was seated March 4, 1909 in the 61st Congress.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama
(Class 3)
Edmund Pettus Democratic 1903 Incumbent re-elected early January 22, 1907 for the term beginning March 4, 1909.[2]
Winner died July 27, 1907 and new senator elected early August 6, 1907.[2]
July 27, 1907:

August 6, 1907:

Elections leading to the 60th CongressEdit

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning March 4, 1907; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Alabama John Morgan Democratic 1876
1882
1888
1894
1900
Incumbent re-elected January 22, 1907.[3][2]
Winner died June 11, 1907 and new senator appointed June 17, 1907
Interim appointee elected July 16, 1907.[2]
January 22, 1907:

July 16, 1907:
Arkansas James Berry Democratic 1885 (Special)
1889
1895
1901
Incumbent lost re-election.
Winner elected January 29, 1907.[2]
Democratic hold.
Colorado Thomas Patterson Democratic 1901 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected January 16, 1907.
Republican gain.
Delaware J. Frank Allee Republican 1903 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New senator elected January 16, 1907.
Republican hold.
Georgia Augustus Bacon Democratic 1894
1900
Incumbent ran, but legislature failed to elect.
Democratic loss.
Incumbent was appointed to start the term and was later elected to finish the term, see below.
Augustus Bacon (Democratic)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Idaho Fred Dubois Democratic 1890
1897 (Lost)
1901
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected January 15, 1907.
Republican gain.
Illinois Shelby Cullom Republican 1882
1888
1894
1901
Incumbent re-elected January 22, 1907.[3]
Iowa Jonathan Dolliver Republican 1900 (Appointed)
1901 (Appointed)
1902 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected January 23, 1907.
Kansas Alfred Benson Republican 1906 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected January 22, 1907.
Republican hold.
Winner was also elected to finish the term, see above.
Kentucky Joseph Blackburn Democratic 1884
1890
1897 (Lost)
1900
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected January 9, 1906.[1][7]
Democratic hold.
Louisiana Murphy Foster Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected early May 18, 1904.[8]
Maine William Frye Republican 1881 (Special)
1883
1889
1895
1901
Incumbent re-elected January 15, 1907.[2]
Massachusetts Winthrop Crane Republican 1904 (Appointed)
1905 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected January 15, 1907.
Michigan Russell Alger Republican 1902 (Appointed)
1903 (Special)
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected January 15, 1907.[5]
Republican hold.
Winner was subsequently elected to finish the current term, see above.
Minnesota Knute Nelson Republican 1895
1901
Incumbent re-elected January 22, 1907.[3]
Mississippi Anselm McLaurin Democratic 1894 (Special)
1900
Incumbent re-elected early January 19, 1904.[10]
Montana William Clark Democratic 1899
1900 (Resigned)
1901
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected January 16, 1907.[5]
Republican gain.
Nebraska Joseph Millard Republican 1901 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New senator elected January 15, 1907.[5]
Republican hold.
New Hampshire Henry E. Burnham Republican 1901 Incumbent re-elected January 15, 1907.[5][11]
New Jersey John F. Dryden Republican 1902 (Special) Incumbent withdrew from renomination.
New senator elected February 5, 1907.[5]
Republican hold.
North Carolina Furnifold Simmons Democratic 1901 Incumbent re-elected January 22, 1907.[3][5]
Oregon John M. Gearin Democratic 1905 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected January 2, 1907.[3][4][5]
Republican gain.
Rhode Island George Wetmore Republican 1894
1900
Legislature failed to elect.[3][12]
Republican loss.
George Wetmore (Republican)
Samuel Colt (Republican)
R. Goddard (Democratic & Ind. Republican)
South Carolina Benjamin Tillman Democratic 1894
1901
Incumbent re-elected January 22, 1907.[3][13]
South Dakota Robert J. Gamble Republican 1901 Incumbent re-elected January 22, 1907.[13]
Tennessee Edward Carmack Democratic 1901 Incumbent lost renomination.[13]
New senator elected January 15, 1907.
Democratic hold.
Texas Joseph Bailey Democratic 1901 Incumbent re-elected January 22, 1907.[14]
Virginia Thomas S. Martin Democratic 1893 (Early)
1899 (Early)
Incumbent re-elected January 24, 1906.[15]
West Virginia Stephen B. Elkins Republican 1895
1901
Incumbent re-elected January 22, 1907.[3][13]
Wyoming Francis E. Warren Republican 1890
1893 (Lost)
1895
1901
Incumbent re-elected January 22, 1907.[3][13]

Elections during the 60th CongressEdit

In these elections, the winners were elected in 1907 after March 4; sorted by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Wisconsin
(Class 3)
John C. Spooner Republican 1897
1903
Incumbent resigned April 30, 1907.
New senator elected May 17, 1907.
Republican hold.
Georgia
(Class 2)
Augustus Bacon Democratic 1894
1900
1907 ((Appointed))
Interim appointee elected July 9, 1907.
Alabama
(Class 2)
John H. Bankhead Democratic 1907 (Appointed) John Tyler Morgan (D), having just been re-elected, see above, died June 11, 1907.
Interim appointee elected July 16, 1907.
Alabama
(Class 3)
Edmund Pettus Democratic 1903
1907
Incumbent, having just been re-elected, died July 27, 1907.
New senator elected August 6, 1907.
Democratic hold.
New senator was also elected early August 6, 1907 to the term beginning March 4, 1909.[2]
Oklahoma
(Class 2)
Oklahoma became a state on November 16, 1907. First senator elected December 10, 1907.[5]
Democratic gain.
Oklahoma
(Class 3)
Oklahoma became a state on November 16, 1907. First senator elected December 10, 1907.[5]
Democratic gain.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Tribune Almanac (1907), p. 258.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Tribune Almanac (1908), p. 258.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "NO CHOICE IN RHODE ISLAND". The New York Times. January 23, 1907. p. 1.
  4. ^ a b c World Almanac (1908), p. 263.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Tribune Almanac (1908), p. 259.
  6. ^ Clark, p. 248.
  7. ^ a b Schiller, Wendy J.; Stewart III, Charles (2015). Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment. Princeton University Press. pp. 35–36.
  8. ^ a b Official Journal of the Proceedings of House of Representatives of the State of Louisiana at the Regular Session of the General Assembly. 1904. p. 76.
  9. ^ Tribune Almanac (1908), pp. 258-259.
  10. ^ "Re-elect Senators McLaurin and Money" (PDF). The New York Times. January 20, 1904. p. 5.
  11. ^ Journals of the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the State of New-Hampshire, January Session, 1907. Rumford Printing Co. 1907. p. 90.
  12. ^ Tribune Almanac (1908), pp. 259–260.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Tribune Almanac (1908), p. 260.
  14. ^ a b "BAILEY IS RE-ELECTED, BUT UNDER CHARGES". The New York Times. January 23, 1907. p. 1.
  15. ^ a b "Senator Martin Re-elected". The New York Times. January 24, 1906. p. 6.

ReferencesEdit