1906 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1906 were held for members of the 60th Congress, in the middle of President Theodore Roosevelt's second term.

1906 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1904 November 6, 1906[a] 1908 →

All 391[b] seats in the United States House of Representatives

196 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  JGCannon.jpg John Sharp Williams.jpg
Leader Joseph Cannon John Sharp Williams
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Illinois 18th Mississippi 8th
Last election 251 seats 135 seats
Seats won 223[1][2] 167[1][2]
Seat change Decrease 28 Increase 32
Popular vote 5,695,735 4,866,899
Percentage 50.99% 43.57%
Swing Decrease 3.59% Increase 2.59%

  Third party
 
Party Independent
Last election 0 seats
Seats won 1 [c]
Seat change Increase 1
Popular vote 40,264
Percentage 0.36%
Swing Increase 0.20%

Speaker before election

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Elected Speaker

Joseph Cannon
Republican

As in many midterm elections, the President's Republican Party lost seats to the opposition Democratic Party, but retained a large overall majority. Dissatisfaction with working conditions and resentment toward union busting among industrial laborers in the Mid-Atlantic and Midwest caused these groups to turn out to the polls in large numbers in support of the Democratic Party. However, gains in these regions were not enough to remove the Republican majority or the firm support that the party held among the middle class.

Special electionsEdit

District Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party First elected
Alaska Territory at-large None New seat.
New delegate elected August 14, 1906 to finish the current term.
Democratic gain.
Successor would not run for election to the next term, see below.
California 1 James Gillett Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent resigned.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Georgia 1 Rufus E. Lester Democratic [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Democratic hold.
Illinois 13 Robert R. Hitt Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died September 20, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Indiana 12 Newton W. Gilbert Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent resigned November 6, 1906, after being appointed judge of the court of first instance at Manila, Philippines.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
New York 8 Timothy Sullivan Democratic [data unknown/missing] Incumbent resigned July 27, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 2 Robert Adams Jr. Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died June 1, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 3 George A. Castor Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died February 19, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 12 George R. Patterson Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died March 21, 1906.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Republican hold.
Virginia 5 Claude A. Swanson Democratic [data unknown/missing] Incumbent resigned January 30, 1906, after being elected Governor of Virginia.
New member elected November 6, 1906.
Democratic hold.
Wisconsin 2 Henry C. Adams Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died July 9, 1906.
New member elected September 4, 1906.
Republican hold.
Massachusetts 3 Rockwood Hoar Republican [data unknown/missing] Incumbent died November 1, 1906.
New member elected December 18, 1906.
Republican hold.

Election summariesEdit

167 1 223
Democratic [d] Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican
Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 9   0  
Arkansas District 7 7   0  
California District 8 0   8  
Colorado District
+at-large
3 0   3  
Connecticut District
+at-large
5 0   5  
Delaware At-large 1 0   1  
Florida District 3 3   0  
Georgia District 11 11   0  
Idaho At-large 1 0   1  
Illinois District 25 5   4 20   4
Indiana District 13 4   2 9   2
Iowa District 11 1   1 10   1
Kansas District[e] 8 0   8  
Kentucky District 11 7   2 4   2
Louisiana District 7 7   0  
Maine[f] District 4 0   4  
Maryland District 6 3   3  
Massachusetts District 14 3   11  
Michigan District 12 0   12  
Minnesota District 9 1   1 8   1
Mississippi District 8 8   0  
Missouri District 16 12   5 4   5
Montana At-large 1 0   1  
Nebraska District 6 1   1 5   1
Nevada At-large 1 1   0  
New Hampshire District 2 0   2  
New Jersey District 10 4   3 6   3
New York District 37 11   26[c]  
North Carolina District 10 10   1 0   1
North Dakota District 2 0   2  
Ohio District 21 5   4 16   4
Oregon[f] District 2 0   2  
Pennsylvania District 32 7   6 25   6
Rhode Island District 2 1   1  
South Carolina District 7 7   0  
South Dakota At-large 2 0   2  
Tennessee District 10 8   2  
Texas District 16 16   0  
Utah At-large 1 0   1  
Vermont[f] District 2 0   2  
Virginia District 10 9   1  
Washington At-large 3 0   3  
West Virginia District 5 0   5  
Wisconsin District 11 2   1 9   1
Wyoming At-large 1 0   1  
Total[b] 386 167
42.2%
  27 223[c]
57.8%
  27
House seats
Democratic
42.71%
Republican
57.29%
 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
Including Oklahoma, which was admitted in 1907.
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
Including Oklahoma, which was admitted in 1907.
  6+ Democratic gain
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Election datesEdit

In 1906, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:

Oklahoma was admitted in 1907 and held its first congressional elections on September 17, 1907.

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 James Gillett Republican 1902 Incumbent retired to run for Governor of California.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
California 2 Duncan E. McKinlay Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Duncan E. McKinlay (Republican) 51.8%
  • W. A. Beard (Democratic) 44.8%
  • A. J. Gaylord (Socialist) 3.4%
California 3 Joseph R. Knowland Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Julius Kahn (Republican) 62.4%
  • David S. Hirshberg (Democratic) 33.2%
  • Oliver Everett (Socialist) 4.4%
California 5 Everis A. Hayes Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Everis A. Hayes (Republican) 52.6%
  • Hiram G. Davis (Democratic) 41.9%
  • Joseph Lawrence (Socialist) 5.5%
California 6 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y James C. Needham (Republican) 55.6%
  • Harry A. Greene (Democratic) 37.8%
  • Richard Kirk (Socialist) 3.8%
  • Herman E. Burbank (Prohibition) 2.8%
California 7 James McLachlan Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y James McLachlan (Republican) 56.8%
  • Robert G. Laucks (Democratic) 28.4%
  • Charles Ribble (Socialist) 9.3%
  • Levi D. Johnson (Prohibition) 5.6%
California 8 Sylvester C. Smith Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Sylvester C. Smith (Republican) 55.6%
  • Charles A. Barlow (Democratic) 34.5%
  • Noble A. Richardson (Socialist) 9.9%

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Frank Clark (Democratic) 88.2%
  • J. F. McClelland (Republican) 11.8%
Florida 3 William B. Lamar Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.

MarylandEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 Thomas Alexander Smith Democratic 1904 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Maryland 2 J. Frederick C. Talbott Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 3 Frank C. Wachter Republican 1898 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y Harry Benjamin Wolf (Democratic) 49.8%
  • William W. Johnson (Republican) 47.0%
  • Joseph P. Jarboe (Socialist) 2.0%
  • George R. Gorsuch (Prohibition) 1.2%
Maryland 4 John Gill Jr. Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 5 Sydney Emanuel Mudd I Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Sydney Emanuel Mudd I (Republican) 53.7%
  • George M. Smith (Democratic) 42.8%
  • John S. Mathews (Socialist) 2.0%
  • William H. Silk (Prohibition) 1.6%
Maryland 6 George A. Pearre Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George A. Pearre (Republican) 55.3%
  • Harvey R. Spessard (Democratic) 38.5%
  • Francis B. Sappington (Prohibition) 3.3%
  • Ira Culp (Socialist) 2.9%

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 James O'H. Patterson Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 J. Edwin Ellerbe Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (special) Incumbent re-elected.

VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1
Virginia 2
Virginia 3
Virginia 4
Virginia 5
Virginia 6 Carter Glass Democratic 1902 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7
Virginia 8
Virginia 9
Virginia 10

Non-voting delegatesEdit

District of AlaskaEdit

District Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party First elected
Alaska Territory at-large Frank Hinman Waskey Independent 1906 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Independent gain.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Three states held early elections between June 4 and September 10.
  2. ^ a b Including late elections
  3. ^ a b c 1 Independent Republican, Peter A. Porter, elected to NY-34.
  4. ^ There was 1 Independent Republican.
  5. ^ At-large district eliminated in redistricting.
  6. ^ a b c Elections held early.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Martis, pp. 160–161.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit