1900 Republican National Convention
The 1900 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States was held June 19 to June 21 in the Exposition Auditorium, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Exposition Auditorium was located south of the University of Pennsylvania, and the later Convention Hall was constructed along the building's east wall. It was demolished in 2006.
|1900 presidential election|
McKinley and Roosevelt
|Date(s)||June 19–21, 1900|
|Chair||Henry Cabot Lodge|
|Presidential nominee||William McKinley of Ohio|
|Vice Presidential nominee||Theodore Roosevelt of New York|
|Votes needed for nomination||472|
|Results (President)||McKinley (OH): 926 (100%)|
|Results (Vice President)||Roosevelt (NY): 925 (99.9%)|
Abstaining: 1 (0.1%)
Each state was allotted two delegates per electoral vote, and territories were granted from two to six delegates. Altogether, there were 926 delegates and an equal number of alternates.
Mark Hanna opened the convention. He proposed that Senator Edward O. Wolcott of Colorado serve as temporary chairman. The purpose of Wolcott's selection was to show that the party had overcome its divisiveness of 1896, in which the Colorado delegation walked out of the Republican convention. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts served as the convention's permanent chairman.
President William McKinley was unanimously nominated for reelection. No candidate ran against him, although Admiral George Dewey considered a run. Governor Theodore Roosevelt of New York, who was himself a delegate, was nominated for vice president by a vote of 925 to 1 abstention, with his vote alone abstaining.
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The 1900 Republican National Convention included a historic first for the Republican Party: Jennie L. McCargar Jones of Salt Lake City, Utah, and Susan Henderson West of Lewiston, Idaho, served as alternate delegates.
The 1900 convention had fewer speakers than a modern convention typically has due to lack of TV and even radio at this time. There were however the following speakers:
- Prayer by Rev. Charles M. Boswell D.D.
- Henry Cabot Lodge
- Prayer by Most Rev. P.J. Ryan, Archbishop of Philadelphia
- Joseph B. Foraker, U.S. Senator from Ohio, McKinley nominating speech
- Theodore Roosevelt, Governor of New York and McKinley seconding speech
- John W. Yerkes, IRS Commissioner from Kentucky
- George A. Knight, Attorney and Businessman from California
- James A. Mount, Governor of Indiana
- Lafayette Young, Newspaper reporter from Iowa, Roosevelt nominating speech
- M.J. Murray, local politician from Massachusetts, Roosevelt seconding speech
- General James M. Ashton, lawyer and soldier from Washington, Roosevelt seconding speech
Balloting: Governor Roosevelt was the sole delegate to refuse to vote for his nomination for Vice President.
Vice Presidential nominationEdit
Vice President Garret Hobart had announced in September 1899 that he would not seek re-election, and subsequently died in office on November 21, leaving the party the task of choosing a new running mate. Entering the convention, many had expected that the ticket would consist of President McKinley and New York Governor Theodore Roosevelt. However, Ohio Senator Mark Hanna maneuvered to keep Roosevelt off the ballot, instead proposing Navy Secretary John D. Long of Massachusetts or Iowa Representative Jonathan P. Dolliver. Without the support of McKinley, Hanna's efforts fell short. Roosevelt himself did not particularly want to abandon his position of governor, but he desired to run for president in 1904 and when the party nominated him, he accepted the position. Roosevelt's nomination was spearheaded by bosses Matthew Quay of Pennsylvania and Thomas C. Platt of New York, the latter of whom wished to find a different job for the reformist Roosevelt.
The Republican party supported the current administration's actions in the Philippines, while the Democratic party promoted "anti-imperialism".
- Freeman, Jo (2000). A Room at a Time: How Women Entered Party Politics. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 65. ISBN 0-8476-9804-1. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- Thiriot, Amy Tanner (August 2019). "Jennie McCargar Jones: "Women Know Their Own Convictions"". Utah Women's History. BetterDays2020. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- Blumenberg, Milton W. (1900). Official Proceedings of the Twelfth Republican National Convention, Held in ... Philadelphia, June, 19, 20 and 21, 1900. Philadelphia: Dunlap Printing Company. pp. 62, 77. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- "Roosevelt's Fate is Still in Doubt". New York Times. 19 June 1900. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- "Theodore Roosevelt, 25th Vice President (1901)". US Senate. US Senate. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- Richard C. Bain and Judith H. Parris, Convention Decisions and Voting Records (Washington DC: Brookings Institution, 1973), pp. 158–161.
- Andrews, E. Benjamin (1912). History of the United States. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 301–325.
- Republican Party platform of 1900 at The American Presidency Project
- McKinley acceptance address at The American Presidency Project
- Official proceedings of the twelfth Republican National Convention, held in ... Philadelphia, June, 19, 20 and 21, 1900
St. Louis, Missouri
|Republican National Conventions||Succeeded by|