Edward O. Wolcott

Edward Oliver Wolcott (March 26, 1848 – March 1, 1905) was an American politician during the 1890s, who served for 12 years as a Senator from the state of Colorado.

Edward Oliver Wolcott
Edward Oliver Wolcott.jpg
United States Senator
from Colorado
In office
March 4, 1889 – March 3, 1901
Preceded byThomas M. Bowen
Succeeded byThomas M. Patterson
Member of the Colorado Senate
In office
Personal details
Born(1848-03-26)March 26, 1848
Longmeadow, Massachusetts
DiedMarch 1, 1905(1905-03-01) (aged 56)
Monte Carlo, Monaco
Resting placeWoodlawn Cemetery, The Bronx, New York
Political partyRepublican
EducationYale University
Harvard University (LLB)
Military service
Branch/serviceUnion Army
Unit150th Ohio Volunteer Infantry
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Early lifeEdit

Wolcott's parents were Samuel Wolcott, D.D. and Harriet Amanda (Pope) Wolcott. Wolcott was one of eleven children, including Anna Wolcott Vaile.[1][2] A native of Hampden County, Massachusetts, Wolcott moved to Ohio as a boy.[3]


Military serviceEdit

He served in the 150th Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the American Civil War.[3] He enlisted at age 16.[1]

Legal and political careerEdit

In 1875, he graduated from Harvard Law School[4] and moved to Colorado where he set up a law practice. In the late 1890s and early 1900s, one of the partners in his practice was Charles W. Waterman, later a United States Senator.[3]

From 1876 to 1879 he served as a district attorney in Colorado. In 1879, Wolcott moved to Denver, where he began his political career as a Colorado state senator (1879–1882). In 1889, he was chosen to represent Colorado in the U.S. Senate, as a member of the Republican Party. He was reelected in 1895, and was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1901, 1902 and 1903.

While in Washington, D.C., Wolcott was a leading advocate for the coinage of silver. In 1897, President McKinley named him chairman of the commission sent to Europe to report on international bimetallism. He was a popular host and guest in Washington society. He was chairman of the Committee on Civil Service (51st and 52nd Congresses), and Retrenchment Committee on Post Office and Post Roads (54th through 56th Congresses).

In 1900, Wolcott was denied renomination to the Senate, which ended his political career. He once again took up the practice of law in Colorado, and maintained that practice until his death.


He died while he was on vacation in Monte Carlo. Wolcott's remains were cremated, and the ashes were interred at Woodlawn Cemetery in New York City. The town of Wolcott, Colorado is named after him.


  1. ^ a b "The Wolcott Family". The National Magazine: (Cleveland) a Monthly Journal of American History. Magazine of Western History Publishing Company. 1889. pp. 627–629.
  2. ^ James Bretz (2010). Denver's Early Architecture. Arcadia Publishing. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-7385-8046-3.
  3. ^ a b c Sketches of Colorado. Vol. 1. Denver, CO: Western Press Bureau Company. 1911. p. 167.
  4. ^ The Harvard Graduates' Magazine (1894)


U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. senator (Class 2) from Colorado
Served alongside: Henry M. Teller
Succeeded by