18th Chess Olympiad

The 18th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open[1] team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 17 and November 7, 1968, in Lugano, Switzerland.

The official poster for the Olympiad.

The Soviet team with six GMs, led by world champion Petrosian, lived up to expectations and won their ninth consecutive gold medals, with Yugoslavia and Bulgaria taking the silver and bronze, respectively.

ResultsEdit

PreliminariesEdit

A total of 53 teams entered the competition and were divided into seven preliminary groups of seven or eight teams each. The top two from each group advanced to Final A, the teams placed third-fourth to Final B, no. 5-6 to Final C, and the rest to Final D. Preliminary head-to-head results were carried over to the finals, so no teams met more than once. All preliminary groups and finals were played as round-robin tournaments. The results were as follows:

  • Group 1:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 + = Points
«A»   Soviet Union - 4 4 4 4 4 7 0 0 27
«A»   Philippines 0 - 4 4 5 2 0 19
«B»   England ½ - 2 4 4 4 2 1 19
«B»   Israel 0 2 - 3 3 4 4 5 1 1 18½
«C»   Italy ½ ½ ½ 1 - 2 3 3 2 4 1 10½
«C»   Portugal 0 ½ ½ 1 2 - 3 3 2 4 1 10
«D»   Mexico 0 0 0 0 1 1 - 1 6 0
«D»   Cyprus 0 0 0 0 1 1 - 0 7 0
  • Group 2:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 + = Points
«A»   Denmark - 2 5 0 1 16½
«A»   United States - 3 5 1 0 16½
«B»   Mongolia 2 - 1 3 2 1 13
«B»   Austria 3 - 2 2 3 1 12
«C»   Australia ½ ½ - 3 2 4 0
«C»   Venezuela ½ ½ - 2 4 0 9
«D»   France ½ 1 2 1 - 0 5 1
  • Group 3:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 + = Points
«A»   Yugoslavia - 3 4 4 6 0 0 19½
«A»   Poland - 4 5 1 0 18½
«B»   Spain 1 - 4 4 4 4 2 0 17
«B»   Scotland ½ - 2 3 4 2 3 1 12½
«C»   South Africa 0 ½ 0 2 - 2 3 1
«C»   Luxembourg ½ ½ 0 1 - 1 0 6 0
«D»   Dominican Republic 0 0 0 0 ½ 3 - 1 5 0
  • Group 4:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 + = Points
«A»   Hungary - 3 3 7 0 0 22½
«A»   Canada 1 - 3 3 4 6 1 0 19½
«B»   Netherlands - 4 4 5 2 0 19½
«B»   Belgium 1 ½ - 3 3 4 4 3 0 15½
«C»   Monaco ½ ½ - 1 3 3 2 5 0 11
«C»   Ireland ½ 1 0 1 3 - 2 2 4 1 10
«D»   Paraguay ½ 1 1 1 2 - 3 1 5 1 10
«D»   Costa Rica ½ 0 0 0 1 1 - 0 7 0 4
  • Group 5:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 + = Points
«A»   West Germany - 2 4 4 6 0 1 22
«A»   Romania 2 - 3 4 6 0 1 20
«B»    Switzerland ½ 1 - 3 3 3 4 5 2 0 18
«B»   Brazil 1 - 2 4 3 3 1 17
«C»   Norway 1 2 - 2 3 4 2 3 2 15
«C»   Puerto Rico ½ 1 ½ 2 - 3 2 4 1 11
«D»   Hong Kong 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 - 3 1 6 0
«D»   Lebanon 0 0 0 0 0 1 - 0 7 0
  • Group 6:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 + = Points
«A»   Argentina - 3 4 4 6 0 0 19½
«A»   East Germany - 3 4 4 5 1 0 19½
«B»   Finland 1 - 2 3 3 2 1 13½
«B»   Sweden 1 ½ - 3 3 3 3 0 11½
«C»   Greece ½ 0 2 1 - 4 3 2 3 1 10½
«C»   Morocco 0 ½ 1 0 - 2 0 5 1 5
«D»   United States Virgin Islands 0 0 ½ 1 1 2 - 0 5 1
  • Group 7:
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 + = Points
«A»   Bulgaria - 3 4 4 4 7 0 0 22½
«A»   Czechoslovakia - 2 4 4 4 4 5 1 1 22
«B»   Iceland 1 2 - 2 3 4 4 4 1 2 19½
«B»   Cuba ½ - 4 4 3 0 17
«C»   Tunisia 0 2 - 4 2 4 1 13
«C»   Turkey 0 0 1 ½ - 4 3 4 0 10½
«D»   Singapore 0 0 0 ½ - 4 1 6 0
«D»   Andorra 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - 0 7 0 0

FinalEdit

Final A
# Country Players Points MP
1   Soviet Union Petrosian, Spassky, Korchnoi, Geller, Polugaevsky, Smyslov 39½
2   Yugoslavia Gligorić, Ivkov, Matanović, Matulović, Parma, Čirić 31
3   Bulgaria Bobotsov, Tringov, Padevsky, Kolarov, Radulov, Peev 30
4   United States Reshevsky, Evans, Benko, R. Byrne, Lombardy, D. Byrne 29½
5   West Germany Unzicker, Schmid, Darga, Pfleger, Hübner, Hecht 29
6   Hungary Portisch, Szabó, Bilek, Lengyel, Barcza, Csom 27½
7   Argentina Najdorf, Panno, Sanguineti, Rossetto, Rubinetti, García 26 15
8   Romania Gheorghiu, Ciocâltea, Ghițescu, Drimer, Soós, Ungureanu 26 14
9   Czechoslovakia Hort, Filip, Smejkal, Jansa, Augustin, Janata 24½ 12
10   East Germany Uhlmann, Pietzsch, Zinn, Malich, Liebert, Hennings 24½ 11
11   Poland Kostro, Bednarski, Doda, Schmidt, Adamski, Grąbczewski 23
12   Denmark Larsen, Brinck-Claussen, Hamann, Holm, Petersen, Nørby 21
13   Canada Yanofsky, Suttles, Macskasy, Allan, Day, Schulman 19
14   Philippines Reyes, Balinas, De Castro, Naranja, Bandal, Rodríguez 13½
Final B
# Country Players Points MP
15   Netherlands Donner, Ree, Langeweg, Bouwmeester, Kuijpers, Prins 33½
16   England Penrose, Kottnauer, Clarke, Keene, Lee, Basman 33
17   Austria Dückstein, Prameshuber, Stoppel, Janetschek, Kinzel, Niedermayr 30½
18   Israel Czerniak, Porat, Kraidman, Kagan, Domnitz, Peretz 30
19   Spain Pomar, Medina, Torán, Visier, Calvo, Palacios de la Prida 28½
20   Cuba Jiménez, García Martínez, Cobo, Rodríguez Gonzáles, Ortega, Carlos Diaz 27 14
21    Switzerland Keller, Kupper, Blau, Bhend, Walther, Glauser 27 12
22   Iceland Jóhannsson, Sigurjónsson, Kristjánsson, Kristinsson, Thorsteinsson, Ásmundsson 26
23   Finland Westerinen, Ojanen, Havansi, Koskinen, Kajan, Venäläinen 24½
24   Sweden Jansson, Nilsson, Johansson, Broström, Olsson, Sköld 22½
25   Brazil Mecking, German, Câmara, Rocha, Miranda, Pinto Paiva 21½
26   Belgium O'Kelly, Boey, Rooze, Cornelis, Beyen, Dunkelblum 20½
27   Mongolia Üitümen, Myagmarsuren, Lhagva, Zorigt, Badamgarav G., Purevzhav 20
28   Scotland Fairhurst, Davie, McAlpine, Levy, Freeman, McKay 19½
Final C
# Country Players Points MP
29   Australia Hamilton, Fuller, Koshnitsky, Flatow, Viner, Shaw 38
30   Norway Johannessen, Hoen, Svedenborg, Zwaig, Wibe, de Lange 36
31   Italy Giustolisi, Cappello, Zichichi, Primavera, Magrin, Romani 31½
32   Venezuela Caro, Villarroel, Budowski, Schorr, Diaz, Robles 30
33   Turkey Süer, İbrahimoğlu, Uzman, Boysan, Bilyap, Külür 29½
34   Greece Vizantiadis, Siaperas, Trikaliotis, Ornithopoulos, Kokkoris, Rizopoulos 28½
35   Portugal Cordovil, Sardinha, Durão, Santos, Pereira 27½ 16
36   South Africa Friedgood, Kroon, Heyns, Morschel, Griffiths, Hangelbroek 27½ 14
37   Tunisia Belkadi, Bouaziz, Kchouk, Lagha, Ben Rehouma, Hentati 26
38   Ireland Heidenfeld, Littleton, Reilly, O'Riordan, McCurdy, De Loughrey 21
39   Luxembourg Feller, Philippe, Wantz, Dietrich, Schammo, Stull 20½
40   Puerto Rico Kaplan, Buitrago, Colón Romero A., Reissmann, Sacarello, Benítez 19½
41   Morocco Bakali, Hadri, Kaderi, Nejjar, Soussi, Benabud 16
42   Monaco Casa, Weiss, Donné, Kostjoerin, Kann, Muziole 12½
Final D
# Country Players Points MP
43   Singapore Tan, Ann, Seng, Kwee, Seng, On 32
44   France Boutteville, Letzelter, Huguet, Jean, Thiellement, Ferry 30
45   Paraguay Silva, Recalde, Prieto, Gonzáles, Cantero, Levy 27½
46   Mexico Castro Aguilar, Winter Gallegos, Delgado, Flores Soto, Araiza, Terrazas 23½ 13
47   Dominican Republic Myers, Malagón A., Malagón C., Belliard Alonzo, Yabra, Andujar 23½ 12
48   Hong Kong Kazanski, Gibbs, Hardt, Hobson, Badilles 22½
49   Costa Rica Rovira Mas, Van der Laat Ulloa, Wyss, Rojas, Quesada, Batres 14½
50   Lebanon Salameh, Bedrossian, Galeb, Rizk, Cabbouche 13½
51   Cyprus Constantinou, Kleopas, Avgousti, Lantsias, Cababe 13
52   United States Virgin Islands Hook, Hoyt, Roebuck, Edwards, Potter, Garrison 11
53   Andorra Jiménez, De la Casa, Corominas, Gómez Abad, Soler, Pantebre Martínez 9

Final «A»Edit

  • Matches played in semi-finals are italicized.
Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 + = Points
1   Soviet Union - 3 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 2 4 11 0 2 39½
2   Yugoslavia - 2 2 3 3 4 8 3 2 31
3   Bulgaria 1 - 2 2 2 2 7 2 4 30
4   United States ½ 2 2 - 3 3 4 2 7 3 3 29½
5   Germany 2 2 2 - 2 2 2 2 4 2 7 29
6   Hungary 1 - 2 2 3 3 3 6 5 2 27½
7   Argentina 1 ½ - 2 2 2 3 6 4 3 26
8   Romania 1 ½ 2 2 - 3 3 6 5 2 26
9   Czechoslovakia 1 2 2 - ½ 3 5 6 2 24½
10   East Germany 1 1 2 2 - 2 3 4 6 3 24½
11   Poland 0 1 2 1 2 2 - 3 3 7 3 23
12   Denmark 0 1 2 2 1 1 1 - 4 7 2 21
13   Canada 2 2 0 1 1 1 1 - 1 10 2 19
14   Philippines 0 0 ½ 2 ½ 1 ½ - 0 12 1 13½

Final «B»Edit

  • Matches played in semi-finals are italicized.
Country 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 + = Points
15   Netherlands - 3 2 2 2 9 1 3 33½
16   England 1 - 2 2 3 3 3 3 9 2 2 33
17   Austria 2 - ½ 3 2 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 7 2 4 30½
18   Israel 2 2 - 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 5 0 8 30
19   Spain 2 1 2 - 2 3 2 3 3 6 3 4 28½
20   Cuba ½ 2 2 - 1 ½ 2 3 2 3 5 4 4 27
21    Switzerland 2 1 2 3 - 1 3 2 4 2 4 5 4 27
22   Iceland 1 2 1 - 2 2 3 2 4 5 4 26
23   Finland ½ 2 2 - 2 1 4 6 3 24½
24   Sweden 1 2 2 ½ 3 2 - 1 3 2 2 7 4 22½
25   Brazil ½ 1 1 2 ½ 1 2 2 3 - 2 3 6 4 21½
26   Belgium ½ 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 - 1 3 7 3 20½
27   Mongolia ½ 1 1 2 0 3 1 3 - 3 9 1 20
28   Scotland 1 1 1 1 2 2 ½ 2 2 - 1 8 4 19½

Final «C»Edit

  • Matches played in semi-finals are italicized.
Country 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 + = Points
29   Australia - 3 2 3 4 3 10 2 1 38
30   Norway 1 - 2 2 2 3 4 4 1 3 4 2 4 4 7 2 4 36
31   Italy 2 2 - 3 2 3 2 4 3 7 2 4 31½
32   Venezuela 2 - 1 1 2 4 3 2 3 3 7 3 3 30
33   Turkey 2 - 2 2 1 6 4 3 29½
34   Greece ½ 1 1 2 - 1 3 3 4 3 7 5 1 28½
35   Portugal ½ 0 2 3 3 - 1 2 3 3 7 4 2 27½
36   South Africa 0 3 2 ½ 3 - 4 2 3 1 6 5 2 27½
37   Tunisia 1 3 1 2 0 - 3 2 7 4 2 26
38   Ireland ½ 1 0 3 1 2 1 - 2 2 3 3 7 3 21
39   Luxembourg ½ 0 2 1 2 2 - 2 2 7 4 20½
40   Puerto Rico 0 2 2 ½ 1 1 1 2 2 - 2 2 1 6 6 19½
41   Morocco 1 0 0 1 ½ 0 1 3 2 2 - 2 9 2 16
42   Monaco ½ 0 1 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 2 - 0 12 1 12½

Final «D»Edit

  • Matches played in semi-finals are italicized.
Country 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 + = Points
43   Singapore - 2 3 4 4 4 3 4 4 8 1 1 32
44   France - 3 3 4 4 8 2 0 30
45   Paraguay 2 - 2 3 3 4 7 1 2 27½
46   Mexico 1 - 2 3 6 3 1 23½
47   Dominican Republic 0 1 - 3 3 4 6 4 0 23½
48   Hong Kong ½ 2 1 - 3 2 4 5 3 2 22½
49   Costa Rica 0 ½ 1 2 1 ½ - 2 3 2 2 5 3 14½
50   Lebanon 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 - 3 3 7 0 13½
51   Cyprus 1 1 1 ½ 2 - ½ 1 8 1 13
52   United States Virgin Islands 0 0 0 1 ½ 2 1 1 - 2 1 7 2 11
53   Andorra 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 2 2 - 1 7 2 9

Individual medalsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Although commonly referred to as the men's division, this section is open to both male and female players.