The decade of the 1890s in film involved some significant events.

List of years in film
In television

Events edit

Ten remaining frames of London's Trafalgar Square taken by Wordsworth Donisthorpe in 1890
  • 1890 – Wordsworth Donisthorpe and W. C. Crofts film London's Trafalgar Square[1] using a camera patented in 1889.[2]
  • 1891 – Following the work of Eadweard Muybridge, Étienne-Jules Marey, and George Eastman, Thomas Edison employee William K. L. Dickson finishes work on a motion-picture camera and a viewing machine called the Kinetoscope.
  • May 20, 1891 – Thomas Edison holds the first public presentation of his Kinetoscope for the National Federation of Women's Clubs.
  • August 24, 1891 – Edison files for a patent of the Kinetoscope.
  • 1892 – In France, Charles-Émile Reynaud began to have public screenings in Paris at the Théâtre Optique, with hundreds of drawings on a reel that he wound through his Zoetrope projector to construct moving images that continued for 15 minutes.
  • 1892 – The Eastman Company becomes the Eastman Kodak Company.
  • March 14, 1893 – Edison is granted Patent #493,426 for "An Apparatus for Exhibiting Photographs of Moving Objects" (the Kinetoscope).
  • 1893 – Edison builds a motion-picture studio near his laboratory, dubbed the Black Maria by his staff.
  • May 9, 1893 – In America, Edison holds the first public exhibition of films shot using his Kinetograph at the Brooklyn Institute. Only one person at a time could use his Kinetoscope viewing machine.
  • January 7, 1894 – Edison films his assistant, Fred Ott sneezing with the Kinetoscope at the "Black Maria".
  • April 14, 1894 – The first commercial presentation of the Kinetoscope takes place in the Holland Brothers' Kinetoscope Parlor at 1155 Broadway, New York City.
  • 1894 – Kinetoscope viewing parlors begin to open in major cities. Each parlor contains several machines.
  • 1895 – In France, brothers named Auguste and Louis Lumière design and build a lightweight, hand-held motion picture camera called the Cinématographe. The brothers discover that their machine can also be used to project images onto a large screen. They create several short films at this time that are considered to be pivotal in the history of motion pictures.
  • November 1895 – In Germany, Emil and Max Skladanowsky develop their own film projector.
  • December 1895 – In France, the Lumière brothers hold their first public screening of films shot with their Cinématographe.
  • January 1896 – In Britain, Birt Acres and Robert W. Paul develop their own film projector, the Theatrograph (later known as the Animatograph).
  • January 1896 – In the United States, a projector called the Vitascope is designed by Charles Francis Jenkins and Thomas Armat. Armat begins to work with Edison to manufacture the Vitascope, which projects motion pictures.
  • April 1896 – Edison and Armat's Vitascope is used to project motion pictures in public screenings in New York City.
  • 1896 – French magician and filmmaker Georges Méliès begins experimenting with the new motion picture technology, developing many early special effects techniques, including stop-motion photography.
  • 1896 – Pathé-Frères is founded.
  • 1897 – A total of 125 people die during a film screening at the Charity Bazaar in Paris after a curtain catches on fire from the ether used to fuel the projector lamp.

Births edit

Lists of films edit

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Burns, Paul T, The History of The Discovery of Cinematography - 1885–1889, retrieved 2009-05-10 and Ten Remaining Frames Of Donisthorpe's 1890 'Trafalgar Square' Footage Come To Life (GIF), retrieved 2009-05-10
  2. ^ Herbert, S. (1998), Industry, Liberty, and a Vision: Wordsworth Donisthorpe's Kinesigraph, London: The Projection Box, ISBN 0-9523941-3-8

External links edit