1764 in music
- April 10 - The Mozart family set out for London, where Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart meets Johann Christian Bach.
- Autumn - Following the death of his patron Keyserlingk, Wilhelm Friedemann Bach leaves his post as organist at Halle.
- date unknown - The castrato Domenico Annibali retires from the stage.
- The Temple of Comus or every gentleman and lady's Beard, Brent and Lowe: being songs for the year 1764
- Johann Christian Bach – 6 Keyboard Trios, Op. 2
- Joseph Haydn – Symphony no 22 ("Philosopher")
- Michael Haydn – Trumpet Concerto
- Ignacio de Jerusalem – Matins for the Virgin of Guadalupe
- Joseph Kelway – 6 Harpsichord Sonatas
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Violin Sonata in B-flat major, K.8
- Violin Sonata in C major, K.14
- Symphony No.1 in E-flat major, K.16
- Johann Baptist Georg Neruda – 6 Trio Sonatas
- Johann Schobert – 3 Harpsichord Quartets, Op. 7
Methods and theory writingsEdit
- Daniel Bayley – A New and Compleat Introduction to the Grounds and Rules of Musick
- L'Abbé Duval – Principes de la musique pratique
- Jean-Philippe Rameau – Traité des accords et de leur succession selon le systéme de la Basse-fondamentale
- Valentin Roeser – Essai d'instruction à l'usage de ceux qui composent pour la clarinette et le cor
- Francisco Inácio Solano – Nova instrucção musical, ou theorica pratica da musica rythmica
- January 13 – Franz Lauska, Moravian pianist, composer and teacher (died 1825)
- March 1 – Jeremiah Ingalls, composer of the First New England School (died 1838)
- March 2 – Hélène de Montgeroult, composer and pianist (died 1836)
- May 15 – Johann Nepomuk Kalcher, composer (died 1827)
- September 11 – Valentino Fioravanti, composer (died 1837)
- October 21 – János Bihari, Hungarian Romani violinist (died 1827)
- November 30 – Franz Xaver Gerl, composer (died 1827)
- unknown date
- March 30 – Pietro Locatelli, violinist and composer (born 1695)
- April 17 – Johann Mattheson, German musicologist (born 1681)
- buried June 6 – Wilhelm Hieronymus Pachelbel, German composer, son of Johann Pachelbel (born c.1686)
- September 10 – Giovanni Antonio Giay, composer (born 1690)
- September 12 – Jean-Philippe Rameau, composer (born 1683)
- October 22 – Jean-Marie Leclair, composer (born 1697; murdered)
- October 23 – Pierre-Charles Roy, librettist and poet (born 1683)
- date unknown
- Robert Dearling (1982). The Music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the Symphonies. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-8386-2335-0.
- Christopher Hogwood (12 June 2003). The Keyboard in Baroque Europe. Cambridge University Press. pp. 177–. ISBN 978-0-521-81055-5.
- Charles J. Hall (April 1990). An eighteenth-century musical chronicle: events 1750-1799. Greenwood Press. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-313-26576-1.
- George Watson (2 July 1971). The New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature:. Cambridge University Press. p. 1968. ISBN 978-0-521-07934-1.
- David Mason Greene (1985). Greene's Biographical Encyclopedia of Composers. Reproducing Piano Roll Fnd. p. 272. ISBN 978-0-385-14278-6.
- Ruth Tatlow; Ruth Mary Tatlow (21 February 1991). Bach and the Riddle of the Number Alphabet. Cambridge University Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-521-36191-0.
- Randel Don (1996). The Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music. Harvard University Press. p. 660. ISBN 978-0-674-37299-3.
- Stanley Sadie (1980). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Macmillan Publishers. p. 346. ISBN 978-0-333-23111-1.
- Jean Philippe Rameau; Roger Lee Briscoe (1975). Rameau's Démonstration Du Principe de L'harmonie and Nouvelles Réflexions de M. Rameau Sur Sa Démonstration Du Principe de L'harmonie. Indiana University. p. 13.
- Joseph P. Swain (6 June 2013). Historical Dictionary of Baroque Music. Scarecrow Press. p. 163. ISBN 978-0-8108-7825-9.
- Charles Dudley Warner; John William Cunliffe; Ashley Horace Thorndike (1917). The Warner Library. Warner Library Company. p. 549.
- Enciclopèdia Espasa Vol. 35, page 766 (ISBN 84 239-4535-9)
- Concerto: Das Magazin für Alte Musik (in German). Gitarre & Laute. 1997. p. 40.