1737 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1737.
- March 2 – Samuel Johnson and his former pupil David Garrick leave Lichfield to seek their fortunes in London.
- June 21 – The Theatrical Licensing Act is passed, introducing censorship to the London stage. Plays now require approval before production. Edward Capell is appointed deputy-inspector of plays. The "legitimate drama" is limited to the theatres at Drury Lane, Covent Garden, and the Haymarket. The anonymous satire The Golden Rump (which may never have existed in full) is used as ammunition by the Act's proponents.
- September 1 – The News Letter is first published in Belfast by Francis Joy, making it the world's oldest existing English newspaper.
- October – First professional stage production in the Swedish language by native-born actors in Sweden, the comedy Den Svenska Sprätthöken at the Bollhuset in Stockholm.
- November 20 – Death of Caroline of Ansbach, queen consort of Great Britain, a significant patron of the arts.
- Poet Richard Jago becomes curate of Snitterfield.
- Philip Doddridge – Submission to Divine Providence in the Death of Children
- Stephen Duck – The Vision
- Jonathan Edwards – A Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Works of God
- Étienne Fourmont – Meditationes Sinicae
- William Law – A Demonstration of the Gross and Fundamental Errors of a Late Book (an answer to Benjamin Hoadly from 1735)
- William Oldys – The British Librarian
- Elizabeth Rowe – Devout Exercises of the Heart
- Jan Swammerdam – Biblia Naturae
- Jonathan Swift – A Proposal for Giving Badges to the Beggars in all the Parishes of Dublin
- Diego de Torres Villarroel – Médico para el bolsillo
- Henry Carey – The Dragon of Wantley (opera)
- Robert Dodsley – The King and the Miller of Mansfield
- Henry Fielding
- The Historical Register for the Year 1736
- Eurydice Hiss'd, or a Word to the Wise
- Robert Gould (died 1709) – Innocence Distress'd (published; written c. 1689 but never performed)
- George Lillo – Fatal Curiosity
- Pierre de Marivaux – Les Fausses Confidences
- James Miller – The Universal Passion (adapted from Much Ado About Nothing)
- Richard Glover – Leonidas
- Matthew Green – The Spleen
- Ignacio de Luzán – Poética
- Alexander Pope
- Horace His Ode to Venus
- The Second Epistle of the Second Book of Horace, Imitated
- The First Epistle of the Second Book of Horace, Imitated
- The Works of Alexander Pope vols. v-vi
- William Shenstone – Poems
- Voltaire – Défense du Mondain ou l'apologie du luxe ("Defense of the Worldling or an Apology for Luxury"), a poetic response to criticism of his Le Mondain
- John Wesley – A Collection of Psalms and Hymns
- January 29 – Thomas Paine, English free thinker and revolutionary (died 1809)
- February 22 – Anne Ford, English writer, singer and musician (died 1824)
- April 18 – William Hazlitt Sr., Irish religious writer, radical and Unitarian minister (died 1820)
- April 27 – Edward Gibbon, English historian (died 1794)
- May 11 (baptised) – Richard Chandler, English antiquary (died 1810)
- Unknown dates
- May – Jean Alphonse Turretin, Swiss theologian (born 1671)
- May 4 – Eustace Budgell, English satirist (suicide, born 1686)
- May 17 – Claude Buffier, philosopher and historian (born 1661)
- June 21 – Matthieu Marais, French memoirist (born 1664)
- August 28 – John Hutchinson, theologian (born 1674)
- Unknown dates
- Johnston, Ruth. "Belfast News Letter". Your Place & Mine. BBC. Retrieved 2011-11-15.
- Winsor, Mary P. "Swammerdam, Jan." Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 1976
- Torres Villarroel's works
- "Introduction" in Le Mondain Critical edition by Haydn T. Mason, in Œuvres complètes de Voltaire, Volume 16 (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford) ISBN 0729407942
- Colt, George Howe (1992). The Enigma of Suicide. Simon and Schuster. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-671-76071-7. Retrieved July 17, 2009.