1746 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1746.
- May 9 – Voltaire, on being admitted into the Académie française, gives a discours de réception in which he criticizes Boileau's poetry.
- June 18 – Samuel Johnson signs a contract to compile A Dictionary of the English Language for a group of London booksellers at a literary breakfast.
- August 28 – A Native American massacre of two white families in Deerfield, Massachusetts, this day gives rise to the first known poem by an African American, Lucy Terry (at this time a slave aged around 16), "Bars Fight, August 28, 1746".
- October 4 – Irish actor Spranger Barry makes his London stage debut in the title role of Othello at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane (with Charles Macklin as Iago).
- Probable first performance of Carlo Goldoni's comedy Servant of Two Masters (Italian: Il servitore di due padroni), at the Teatro San Samuele in Venice.
- The oldest manuscript of Jean de Joinville's Life of Saint Louis is rediscovered in Brussels.
- Élie Catherine Fréron founds his controversial journal Lettres de la comtesse de...
- John Arbuthnot – Miscellanies (posthumous)
- John Collier as "Tim Bobbin" – A View of the Lancashire Dialect by way of dialogue between Tummus... and Meary...
- Zachary Grey – A Word or Two of Advice to William Warburton
- James Hervey – Meditations Among the Tombs
- Soame Jenyns – The Modern Fine Gentleman
- Pierre Louis Maupertuis – Astronomie nautique, volume 2
- Tobias Smollett – Advice
- Lauritz de Thurah – Den Danske Vitruvius, volume I
- John Upton – Critical Observations on Shakespeare
- Horace Walpole – The Beauties
- John Wesley
- The Principles of a Methodist Father Explain'd
- Sermons on Several Occasions
- Pierre de Marivaux – Le Préjugé vaincu
- Takeda Izumo I, Takeda Izumo II, Namiki Sōsuke and Miyoshi Shōraku – Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami
- January 12 – Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss educational reformer (died 1827)
- March 27 – Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (died 1767)
- April 3 – Jean-Baptiste Cousin de Grainville, French fantasy novelist (died 1805)
- December 21 – José de la Cruz (Huseng Sisiw), Filipino writer (died 1829)
- Unknown date – Victor d'Hupay, French philosopher (died 1818)
- February 4 – Robert Blair, Scottish member of the "Graveyard poets" (born 1699)
- May 22 – Thomas Southerne, Irish dramatist (born 1660)
- November 12 – Mary Leapor, English kitchenmaid poet (born 1722; died of measles)
- December 6 – Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish poet (born 1665)
- Unknown dates
- April 16 – The Battle of Culloden features in the following novels
- In England, Voltaire's speech is quoted in The Gentleman's Magazine in July and the full text is translated into English in Dodsley's Museum for December 20. Clark, Alexander Frederick Bruce (1971). Boileau and the French Classical Critics in England (1660-1830). Franklin, Burt. pp. 40, 43. ISBN 978-0-8337-4046-5. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
- The ballad is related orally for a century and first printed in Josiah Gilbert Holland's History of Western Massachusetts in 1855. Burt, Daniel S. (2004). The Chronology of American Literature: America's literary achievements from the colonial era to modern times. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 978-0-618-16821-7.
- Shōriya, Aragorō. "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami." Kabuki21.com. Accessed 4 December 2008.