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The year 1705 in music involved some significant events.
- Johann Sebastian Bach travels to Lübeck to hear Dieterich Buxtehude perform.
- Alessandro Scarlatti notes that he has written 88 operas in the past 23 years.
- William Croft marries Mary George.
- Jean-Féry Rebel joins Les Vingt-quatre Violons du Roi.
- The earliest fandango melody is recorded in the anonymous Libro de diferentes cifras de guitarra.
- Johann Michael Bach – Gelobet seist du, Jesu Christ (formerly attributed to JS Bach, BWV 723)
- Johann Sebastian Bach
- Prelude and Fugue in E minor, BWV 533
- Prelude and Fugue in G minor, BWV 535a
- Prelude and Fugue in C minor, BWV 549
- Prelude in G major, BWV 568
- Prelude in A minor, BWV 569
- Fantasia in C major, BWV 570
- Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern, BWV 739
- Suite in A minor, BWV 818
- Overture in F major, BWV 820
- Suite in G minor, BWV 822
- Sonata in A minor, BWV 965
- Sonata in C major, BWV 966
- Sonata in A minor, BWV 967
- Friedrich Nicolaus Brauns – St Mark Passion (formerly attributed to Reinhard Keiser)
- Sébastien de Brossard – Samson trahi par Dalila
- Dietrich Buxtehude – Prelude in G minor, BuxWV 150
- Antonio Caldara – Kyrie in A minor
- François Campion – Nouvelles découvertes Sur la Guitarre
- François Couperin
- Mottets à voix seule, deux et trois parties et symphonies
- 7 Versets du motet composé de l'ordre du roy, 1705
- Michel Richard Delalande – Mottets de Monsieur de La Lande
- Jean Gilles – Requiem
- George Frideric Handel
- Chaconne in G major, HWV 442
- Air in A major, HWV 468
- Gavotte in G major, HWV 491
- Johann Kuhnau – Gott sei mir gnädig
- Gaspard Le Roux – Pièces de clavessin
- Antonio Lotti – Duetti, terzetti, e madrigali a più voci
- Johann Pachelbel – Toccata in C major, P.455-6
- Bernardo Pascoli – Moteti sagri a voce sola..., Op. 1
- John Christopher Pepusch – 6 Record Sonatas, Op.1
- Alessandro Scarlatti – Solitudini amene, bersaglio d'empia sorte, H.664
- Georg Philipp Telemann – Ich hebe meine Augen auf zu den Bergen, TWV 7:17
- Antonio Vivaldi – 12 Trio Sonatas, Op.1
The following operas were composed:
- Tomaso Albinoni – L'Eraclea
- Antonio Caldara – L'Arminia
- Thomas Clayton, Nicola Haym, & Charles Dieupart – Arsinoe, Queen of Cyprus, produced at the Drury Lane Theatre in London
- Francesco Gasparini
- George Frideric Handel – Almira, premièred in Hamburg
- Reinhard Keiser – Octavia (or Die römische Unruhe, oder Die edelmühtige Octavia)
- Alessandro Scarlatti
- Alle Troiane antenne, H.30
- Il Sedecia, re di Gerusalemme
- De: Johann Elias Bach January 24 – Farinelli, celebrated castrato (died 1782)
- February 20 – Nicolas Chédeville, composer, musette player and maker (died 1782)
- September 19 – Marguerite-Antoinette Couperin, French harpsichordist (died 1778)
- September 28 – Johann Peter Kellner, organist and composer (died 1772)
- November 5 – Louis-Gabriel Guillemain, composer and violinist (died 1770)
- November 29 – Michael Christian Festing, violinist and composer (died 1752)
- date unknown
- probable – Joseph-Nicolas-Pancrace Royer, composer and harpsichordist (died 1755)
- February – Pierre Beauchamp, dancer, choreographer and composer (born 1631)
- February 5 – Jean Gilles, composer (born 1668)
- June 13 – Nicholas Staggins, composer, Master of the King's Musick
- April 17 – Johann Paul von Westhoff, violinist and composer (born 1656)
- December 1 – Jeremiah Clarke, composer (born c. 1674)
- probable – Giovanni Battista Rogeri, luthier (born c. 1650)
- Clare, Horatio (18 December 2017). "With Bach to the Baltic: a hike through German history". the Guardian. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- "Scarlatti: La Folia & other works". Hyperion Records. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- "William Croft". www.westminster-abbey.org. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- "Rebel – Francoeur". www.stradivaria.org (in French). Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- Duckett, George A. (2018). Etymology: Questions and Answers. George A Duckett. p. 1952. Archived from the original on 2018-04-16. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
- "Principia Musicæ (Sperling, Johann Peter) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-02-21.