This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2019)
This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1574.
- unknown dates
- Exercicio quotidiano, a religious manuscript in the Nahuatl language, is created.
- The Russian printer Ivan Fyodorov prints the second edition of his Apostolos and the first Azbuka (alphabet book) in Cyrillic script.
- Jean-Antoine de Baïf – Etrenes de poezie Franzoeze an vers mezures
- Matthias Flacius et al. – Magdeburg Centuries
- Nicolás Monardes – Historia medicinal de las cosas que se traen de nuestras Indias Occidentales
- Elizabeth Tyrwhitt – Morning and Evening Prayers
- See 1574 in poetry
- September – Thomas Gataker, English theologian (died 1654)
- September 18 – Claudio Achillini, Italian philosopher, theologian and poet (died 1640)
- November 4 – Erycius Puteanus, Dutch philologist (died 1646)
- Unknown dates
- Richard Barnfield, English poet (died 1627)
- Nicolas Coeffeteau, French theologian, poet and historian (died 1623)
- John Day, English dramatist (died c. 1640)
- Feng Menglong (馮夢龍), Chinese vernacular poet (died 1645)
- Paul Laymann, Austrian moralist (died 1635)
- January 30 – Damião de Góis, Portuguese humanist philosopher (born 1502)
- April 17 – Joachim Camerarius, German classical scholar (born 1500)
- June 27 – Giorgio Vasari, artist and biographer of artists (born 1511)
- November 7 – Solomon Luria, Jewish legal author (born 1510)
- November 28 – Georg Major, German Lutheran theologian (born 1502)
- December 10 – Ascanio Condivi, biographer of Michelangelo (born 1525)
- Unknown dates
- Gáspár Heltai (Kaspar Helth), Transylvanian writer in German (born c. 1490)
- Paulus Manutius, Venetian printer (born 1512)
- Antonio Minturno, Italian poet and critic (born 1500)
- Cornelio Musso, Italian orator and writer (born 1511)
- Ioannes Sommerus, Saxon theologian (born 1542)
- ^ Eleanor Wake (8 November 2012). Framing the Sacred: The Indian Churches of Early Colonial Mexico. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 305. ISBN 978-0-8061-8660-3.
- ^ Norton, Elizabeth (2016). Lives of Tudor Women. Head of Zeus. p. 230. ISBN 9781784081768.