104th New York State Legislature
The 104th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 4 to July 23, 1881, during the second year of Alonzo B. Cornell's governorship, in Albany.
|104th New York State Legislature|
New York State Capitol (2009)
|Legislative body||New York State Legislature|
|Jurisdiction||New York, United States|
|Term||January 1 – December 31, 1881|
|President||Lt. Gov. George G. Hoskins (R)|
|Temporary President||William H. Robertson (R); |
Dennis McCarthy (R), from July 22
|Party control||Republican (25-7)|
|Speaker||George H. Sharpe (R)|
|Party control||Republican (81-47)|
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators and 128 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; senators for a two-year term, assemblymen for a one-year term. The senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County (seven districts) and Kings County (three districts). The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards, forming a contiguous area, all within the same county.
At this time there were two major political parties: the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. The Republicans were split into two factions: the Stalwarts and the Half-Breeds. The Greenback Party also nominated a ticket.
The New York state election, 1880 was held on November 2. The only statewide elective office up for election was carried by a Republican. The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals, was: Republican 563,000; Democratic 518,000; and Greenback 13,000.
The Legislature met for the regular session at the State Capitol in Albany on January 4, 1881; and adjourned on July 23.
On March 24, President James A. Garfield (Half-Breed) nominated President pro tempore of the State Senate William H. Robertson (Half-Breed) for the office of Collector of the Port of New York. The two U.S. Senators from New York, Roscoe Conkling and Platt (both Stalwarts) openly opposed the nomination, causing deadlock in the Senate which was evenly divided with 37 Republicans, 37 Democrats and two Independents. The office of Collector of the Port of New York was the most profitable federal office in the United States, and Conkling insisted in having a Stalwart appointed, but Garfield did not budge.
On May 16, Conkling and Platt resigned in protest, leaving the Republicans in the minority in the U.S. Senate. Conkling believed that they would be re-elected by the New York State Legislature and would thus show Garfield that they were in a balance of power position.
On May 18, Robertson was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Collector.
On May 31, the Legislature began the special elections to fill the two vacant seats in the U.S. Senate.
On July 22, Congressman Elbridge G. Lapham was elected on the 56th ballot to succeed Conkling, thus ending 53 days of deadlock, the second longest in the history of the New York Legislature. After the election, Robertson resigned his seat in the State Senate, to accept the office of Collector, and Dennis McCarthy was elected President pro tempore.
- 1st District: Queens and Suffolk counties
- 2nd District: 1st, 2nd, 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 12th and 22nd Ward of the City of Brooklyn, and the towns of Flatbush, Gravesend and New Utrecht in Kings County
- 3rd District: 3rd, 4th, 7th, 11th, 13th, 19th, 20th, 21st and 23rd Ward of the City of Brooklyn
- 4th District: 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 24th and 25th Ward of the City of Brooklyn, and the towns of New Lots and Flatlands in Kings County
- 5th District: Richmond County and the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th, 8th, 14th and parts of the 4th and 9th Ward of New York City
- 6th District: 7th, 11th, 13th and part of the 4th Ward of NYC
- 7th District: 10th, 17th and part of the 15th, 18th and 21st Ward of NYC
- 8th District: 16th and part of the 9th, 15th, 18th, 20th and 21st Ward of NYC
- 9th District: Part of the 18th, 19th and 21st Ward of NYC
- 10th District: Part of the 12th, 19th, 20th, 21st and 22nd Ward of NYC
- 11th District: 23rd and 24th, and part of the 12th, 20th and 22nd Ward of NYC
- 12th District: Rockland and Westchester counties
- 13th District: Orange and Sullivan counties
- 14th District: Greene, Schoharie and Ulster counties
- 15th District: Columbia, Dutchess and Putnam counties
- 16th District: Rensselaer and Washington counties
- 17th District: Albany County
- 18th District: Fulton, Hamilton, Montgomery, Saratoga and Schenectady counties
- 19th District: Clinton, Essex and Warren counties
- 20th District: Franklin, Lewis and St. Lawrence counties
- 21st District: Oswego and Jefferson counties
- 22nd District: Oneida County
- 23rd District: Herkimer, Madison and Otsego counties
- 24th District: Chenango, Delaware and Broome counties
- 25th District: Onondaga and Cortland counties
- 26th District: Cayuga, Seneca, Tompkins and Tioga counties
- 27th District: Allegany, Chemung and Steuben counties
- 28th District: Ontario, Schuyler, Wayne and Yates counties
- 29th District: Monroe and Orleans counties
- 30th District: Genesee, Livingston, Niagara and Wyoming counties
- 31st District: Erie County
- 32nd District: Cattaraugus and Chautauqua counties
Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.
|2nd||William H. Murtha*||Democrat|
|3rd||Frederick A. Schroeder*||Republican|
|4th||John C. Jacobs*||Democrat|
|8th||Robert H. Strahan*||Republican|
|9th||Francis M. Bixby*||Democrat|
|10th||William W. Astor*||Republican|
|11th||George H. Forster*||Republican|
|12th||William H. Robertson*||Republican||President pro tempore; resigned after appointment |
as Collector of the Port of New York
|13th||Edward M. Madden*||Republican|
|14th||Charles A. Fowler*||Democrat|
|15th||Stephen H. Wendover*||Republican|
|16th||Isaac V. Baker Jr.*||Republican|
|17th||Waters W. Braman*||Republican|
|19th||William W. Rockwell*||Republican|
|20th||Dolphus S. Lynde*||Republican|
|23rd||Albert M. Mills*||Republican|
|24th||Edwin G. Halbert*||Republican|
|25th||Dennis McCarthy*||Republican||on July 22, elected President pro tempore|
|26th||William B. Woodin*||Republican|
|28th||George P. Lord*||Republican|
|29th||Edmund L. Pitts*||Republican|
|30th||James H. Loomis*||Republican|
|31st||Benjamin H. Williams*||Republican|
|32nd||Loren B. Sessions*||Republican||also Supervisor of the Town of Harmony|
- Clerk: John W. Vrooman
- Sergeant-at-Arms: John W. Corning
- Doorkeeper: James G. Caw
- Stenographer: Hudson C. Tanner
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
- Clerk: Edward M. Johnson
- Sergeant-at-Arms: Sidney M. Robinson
- Doorkeeper: Henry Wheeler
- First Assistant Doorkeeper: Michael Maher
- Second Assistant Doorkeeper: John W. Wheeler
- Stenographer: Worden E. Payne
- Except New York City where the wards were apportioned into election districts, and then some whole wards and some election districts of other wards were gerrymandered together into Assembly districts.
- OPENING DAY AT ALBANY in NYT on January 5, 1881
- BUSY STATE LEGISLATORS in NYT on January 19, 1881
- CONKLING'S RANKS BROKEN; ELECTION OF WARNER MILLER TO SUCCEED PLATT in NYT on July 17, 1881
- ROSCOE CONKLING BEATEN; ELDRIDGE G. LAPHAM ELECTED HIS SUCCESSOR in NYT on July 23, 1881
- The longest deadlock in the State Legislature occurred in 1911 when it took 74 days to elect a U.S. Senator, and all legislative business was blocked from the beginning of the session until April 1.
- see A Compilation of Cases of Contested Elections to Seats in the Assembly of the State of New York (1899; pg. 596–606)
- J. Stanley Browne, see Bio until 1892
- Civil List and Constitutional History of the Colony and State of New York compiled by Edgar Albert Werner (1884; see pg. 276 for Senate districts; pg. 291 for senators; pg. 298–304 for Assembly districts; and pg. 379f for assemblymen)
- THE NEW ASSEMBLY in NYT on November 4, 1880
- GEN. SHARPE THE SPEAKER in NYT on January 4, 1881