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The 100 yen coin (百円硬貨, Hyaku-en kōka) is a denomination of Japanese yen. The current design was first minted in silver in 1959 and saw a change of metal in 1967.[1] It is the second-highest denomination coin in Japan after the 500 yen coin.

One hundred yen
Japan
Value100 Japanese yen
Mass4.8 g
Diameter22.6 mm
Shapecircular
CompositionCopper 75%, Nickel 25%
Years of minting1957–present
Obverse
100 Yen Rückseite.jpg
DesignSakura blossoms
Design date1967
Reverse
100 Yen Vorderseite.jpg
Design"100" in Arabic numerals
Design date1967

HistoryEdit

The first 100 yen coin was issued in 1957 and featured a phoenix on the reverse. It featured Latin script writing in addition to Japanese. This design was issued in 1957 and in 1958.[2]

In 1959, the design was modified, removing the Latin script, and changing the reverse side to show a sheaf of rice. The metallurgy remained unchanged. This design was issued every year from 1959 to 1966.[3]

The current design for the 100 Yen coin was first issued in 1967. The metallurgy was changed from the former 60-30-10 ratio of silver-copper-zinc to a ratio of 75-25 copper-nickel, with the weight and diameter of the coin unchanged. The reverse side was changed to show sakura blossoms and the denomination in Japanese.

The coin shares, with the 50 yen coin, the emperor's rule date (28 in 2016) expressed with Arabic numerals instead of in Japanese numerals.

CompositionEdit

Years Material[4]
1957-1966 60% silver, 30% copper, 10% zinc
1967–Present 75% copper, 25% nickel

DesignsEdit

Circulation figuresEdit

ShōwaEdit

The following are circulation dates which cover Emperor Hirohito's reign. The dates below correspond with the 32nd to the 64th year (last) of his reign. One hundred yen coins had three main different designs, but there was no overlap in mintage between them. Coins for this period will all begin with the Japanese symbol 昭和 (Shōwa).

  • Japanese coins are read with a left to right format:
"Emperors name" → "Number representing year of reign" → "Year" (Ex: 昭和 → 53 → 年).
Year of reign Japanese date Gregorian date Mintage (thousands)[4]
32nd 三十二 1957 30,000
33rd 三十三 1958 70,000
34th 三十四 1959 110,000
35th 三十五 1960 50,000
36th 三十六 1961 15,000
38th 三十八 1963 45,000
39th 三十九 1964 10,000
40th 四十 1965 62,500
41st 四十一 1966 97,500
42nd 四十二 1967 432,200
43rd 四十三 1968 471,000
44th 四十四 1969 323,700
45th 四十五 1970 237,100
46th 四十六 1971 481,050
47th 四十七 1972 468,950
48th 四十八 1973 680,000
49th 四十九 1974 660,000
50th 五十 1975 437,160
51st 五十一 1976 322,840
52nd 五十二 1977 440,000
53rd 五十三 1978 292,000
54th 五十四 1979 382,000
55th 五十五 1980 588,000
56th 五十六 1981 348,000
57th 五十七 1982 110,000
58th 五十八 1983 50,000
59th 五十九 1984 41,850
60th 六十 1985 58,150
61st 六十一 1986 99,960
62nd 六十二 1987 193,775
63rd 六十三 1988 363,112

HeiseiEdit

The following are circulation dates which cover Emperor Akihito's reign. Akihito was crowned in 1989, which is marked with a 元 symbol on the coin as a one year type. Coins for this period all begin with the Japanese symbol 平成 (Heisei).

  • Japanese coins are read with a left to right format:
"Emperors name" → "Number representing year of reign" → "Year" (Ex: 平成 → 16 → 年).
Year of reign Japanese date Gregorian date Mintage (thousands)[4]
1st 1989 369,000
2nd 1990 444,953
3rd 1991 375,120
4th 1992 211,130
5th 1993 82,240
6th 1994 81,767
7th 1995 92,874
8th 1996 237,213
9th 1997 272,086
10th 1998 252,612
11th 十一 1999 179,120
12th 十二 2000 172,026
13th 十三 2001 8,024
14th 十四 2002 10,667
15th 十五 2003 98,406
16th 十六 2004 204,903
17th 十七 2005 300,029
18th 十八 2006 216,594
19th 十九 2007 129,904
20th 二十 2008 93,811
21st 二十一 2009 115,003
22nd 二十二 2010 67,905
23rd 二十三 2011 178,936
24th 二十四 2012 402,211
25th 二十五 2013 608,892
26th 二十六 2014 445,013
27th 二十七 2015 410,004
28th 二十八 2016 461,064
29th 二十九 2017 518,927
30th 三十 2018 567,960
31st 三十一 2019 TBD

ReiwaEdit

The following are circulation dates in the reign of the current Emperor. Naruhito's accession to the Crysanthemum Throne took place on 1 May 2019. Coins for this period will begin with the Japanese symbol 令和 (Reiwa). The inaugural year coin 2019 will be marked 元 (first) and is likely to debut after summer. [5]

Year of reign Japanese date Gregorian date Mintage
1st 2019 TBD

CommemorativesEdit

Image Japanese date Gregorian date Mintage Reason
  三十九 (39)
Shōwa[a]
1964 80,000,000[6] 1964 Summer Olympics[7]
  四十五 (45)
Shōwa
1970 40,000,000[8] Expo 70 in Osaka[9]
  四十七 (47)
Shōwa
1972 30,000,000[10] 1972 Winter Olympics in Sapporo[11]
  五十 (50)
Shōwa
1975 120,000,000[12] Expo '75 in Okinawa[13]
  五十一 (51)
Shōwa
1976 70,000,000[14] Golden Jubilee of Emperor Hirohito[15]
  二十七 (27)
Heisei[b]
2015 2,324,000[c] 50th Anniversary of the inauguration of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen train service.[16]
N/A 三十 (30)
Heisei
2018 Unknown 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympics and 2020 Tokyo Summer Paralympics (Series 1)[17]
N/A 三十一 (31)[d] 2019 TBD 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympics and 2020 Tokyo Summer Paralympics (Series 2)[18]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 39th year of Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito)'s reign, Emperor Heisei (Akihito) was not crowned emperor until 1989
  2. ^ 27th year of Emperor Heisei (Akihito)'s reign
  3. ^ These coins came in a set of four, and all have a different obverse. The reverse side of the coin is shown in the picture.
  4. ^ Subject to new imperial era

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Operations Coins Currently Minted: Japan Mint". Japan Mint. Archived from the original on 18 October 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
  2. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img2/97-77&desc=Japan y77 100 Yen (1957-1958)&query=Japan
  3. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img2/97-78&desc=Japan y78 100 Yen (1959-1966) silver&query=Japan
  4. ^ a b c "年銘別貨幣製造枚数" (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan Mint. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  5. ^ "Reiwa coins to debut summer 2019".
  6. ^ "Japan 100 Yen Y# 79 Yr.39/1964". Numismatic Guaranty Corporation. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  7. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img2/97-79&desc=Japan y79 100 Yen (1964) Olympic Games&query=Japan
  8. ^ "Japan 100 Yen Y# 83 Yr.45(1970)". Numismatic Guaranty Corporation. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  9. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img10/97-83&desc=Japan y83 100 Yen (1970) Osaka Expo&query=Japan
  10. ^ "Japan 100 Yen Y# 84 Yr.47/1972". Numismatic Guaranty Corporation. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  11. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img10/97-84&desc=Japan y84 100 Yen (1972) Winter Olympics - Sapporo&query=Japan
  12. ^ "Japan 100 Yen Y# 85 Yr.50(1975)". Numismatic Guaranty Corporation. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  13. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img10/97-85&desc=Japan y85 100 Yen (1975) Okinawa Expo&query=Japan
  14. ^ "Japan 100 Yen Y# 86 Yr.51(1976)". Numismatic Guaranty Corporation. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  15. ^ http://worldcoingallery.com/countries/display.php?image=img10/97-86&desc=Japan y86 100 Yen (1976) 50 yrs of Reign&query=Japan
  16. ^ The Tōkaidō Shinkansen commemorative coin series (Tōkaidō Shinkansen N700A) Japan Mint (www.mint.go.jp). Retrieved on 2017-10-05.
  17. ^ Designs of The Olympic and Paralympic Games Tokyo 2020 Commemorative Coin Program (First Issue) The Ministry of Finance of Japan (www.mof.go.jp). Retrieved on 2018-03-03.
  18. ^ Designs of The Olympic and Paralympic Games Tokyo 2020 Commemorative Coin Program (Second Issue) The Ministry of Finance of Japan (www.mof.go.jp). Retrieved on 2019-01-10.