Étampes

Étampes (French: [etɑ̃p] (About this soundlisten)) is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France. It is located 48.1 km (29.9 mi) south-southwest from the center of Paris (as the crow flies). Étampes is a sub-prefecture of the Essonne department.

Étampes
Saint Martin
Saint Martin
Coat of arms of Étampes
Location of Étampes
Étampes is located in France
Étampes
Étampes
Étampes is located in Île-de-France (region)
Étampes
Étampes
Coordinates: 48°26′03″N 2°09′41″E / 48.4343°N 2.1615°E / 48.4343; 2.1615Coordinates: 48°26′03″N 2°09′41″E / 48.4343°N 2.1615°E / 48.4343; 2.1615
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentEssonne
ArrondissementÉtampes
CantonÉtampes
IntercommunalityCA Étampois Sud Essonne
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Franck Marlin
Area
1
40.92 km2 (15.80 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
25,287
 • Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
91223 /91150
Elevation66–156 m (217–512 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Étampes, together with the neighboring communes of Morigny-Champigny and Brières-les-Scellés, form an urban area of 26,604 inhabitants (1999 census). This urban area is a "satellite city" of Paris.

HistoryEdit

Étampes (Latin: Stampae) existed at the beginning of the 7th century and in the early Middle Ages belonged to the crown domain. During the Middle Ages it was the scene of several councils, the most notable of which took place in 1130 and resulted in the recognition of Innocent II as the legitimate pope. In 1652, during the war of the Fronde it suffered severely at the hands of the royal troops under Turenne.[2]

GeographyEdit

Étampes lies on the river Chalouette, a tributary of the Juine, which borders the eastern outskirts of the serene town.[3]

Inhabitants of Étampes are known as Étampois.

TransportEdit

Étampes is served by two stations on Paris RER line C: Étampes and Saint-Martin-d'Étampes.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 7,027—    
1800 7,687+1.29%
1806 8,333+1.35%
1821 7,693−0.53%
1831 8,109+0.53%
1836 7,896−0.53%
1841 7,968+0.18%
1846 8,157+0.47%
1851 8,083−0.18%
1856 8,066−0.04%
1861 8,220+0.38%
1866 8,228+0.02%
1872 7,789−0.91%
1876 7,840+0.16%
1881 7,710−0.33%
1886 8,461+1.88%
1891 8,573+0.26%
1896 8,637+0.15%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 9,001+0.83%
1906 9,245+0.54%
1911 9,454+0.45%
1921 9,925+0.49%
1926 10,067+0.28%
1931 9,944−0.25%
1936 10,610+1.30%
1946 10,425−0.18%
1954 11,890+1.66%
1962 13,515+1.61%
1968 16,493+3.37%
1975 19,651+2.53%
1982 19,386−0.19%
1990 21,457+1.28%
1999 21,839+0.20%
2007 22,306+0.26%
2012 24,320+1.74%
2017 25,092+0.63%
Source: EHESS[4] and INSEE (1968-2017)[5]

SightsEdit

A fine view of Étampes is obtained from the Tour Guinette, a keep (now ruined) built by Louis VI in the 12th century on an eminence on the other side of the railway. Notre-Dame du Fort, the chief church, dates from the 11th and 12th centuries; irregular in plan, it is remarkable for a fine Romanesque tower and spire, and for the crenellated wall which partly surrounds it. The interior contains ancient paintings and other artistic works. St Basile (12th and 16th centuries), preserves a Romanesque doorway, and St Martin (12th and 13th centuries), has a leaning tower of the 16th century.[3]

The civil buildings offer little interest, but two houses named after Anne de Pisseleu, mistress of Francis I, and Diane de Poitiers, mistress of Henry II, are graceful examples of Renaissance architecture. In the square there is a statue of the naturalist, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, who was born in Étampes.[3]

Monuments and tourist attractionsEdit

  • Hôtel Anne de Pisseleu
  • Théâtre built by the architect Gabriel Davioud in 1851-1852, paid for by a public subscription
  • Regional leisure park (wave pool)
  • Sculptures created by André Deluol: Vénus anadyomène, La Terre, Le Corbeau et le Renard, Jeune fille et oiseau, Un Ange, Deux danseuses nues
  • The "Pergola de la Douce France" is located in the gardens of the Tour Guinette in Étampes and was part of a larger composition created in 1925 for the Exposition des Arts décoratifs et industriels. It was acquired by Étampes in 1934. The work comprises four large stone blocks on which sixteen bas-reliefs have been created by various sculptors. Georges Saupique executed the reliefs "Le Saint Graal" and "L'Aurochs".

Religious edificesEdit

  • Église Notre Dame du Fort
  • Église Saint-Basile
  • Église Saint-Martin, famous for its leaning tour
  • Église Saint-Gilles
  • Chapelle de Gérofosse
  • Chapelle de Guinette

Notable PersonsEdit

MiscellaneousEdit

The prestigious École Philippe Gaulier is located in Étampes.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 804.
  3. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911, p. 803.
  4. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Étampes, EHESS. (in French)
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External linksEdit