Zhonghua Book Company (simplified Chinese: 中华书局有限公司; traditional Chinese: 中華書局有限公司; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Shūjú Yoǔxìan Gōngsī), formerly spelled Chunghwa or Chung-hua Shu-chü, and sometimes translated as Zhonghua Publishing House, are Chinese publishing houses that focuses on the humanities, especially classical Chinese works. Currently it has split into a few separate companies. The main headquarters is in Beijing, while Chung Hwa Book (Hong Kong) is headquartered in Hong Kong. The Taiwan branch is headquartered in Taipei.

Headquarters in Beijing in 2023
The headquarters of Zhonghua Book Company in Fuzhou Road, Shanghai, China in 1916
Chung Hwa store in Kwun Tong District, Hong Kong (closed)
Chung Hwa Book store in Hong Kong International Airport

History edit

The company was founded in Shanghai on 1 January 1912 as the Chung Hwa Book Co., Ltd. (上海中華書局有限公司) by Lufei Kui, a former manager of the Commercial Press, another Shanghai-based publisher that had been established in 1897. From the year of its foundation to the birth of the People's Republic of China in 1949, it published about 5,700 titles, excluding reprints.[1]

The Chung Hwa Book Co., Ltd. was one of the companies that printed banknotes for the Central Bank of China from 1931 to 1949.[2]

Zhonghua's punctuated editions of the Twenty-Four Histories have become standard. The publishing project, which started in 1959 on a suggestion by Mao Zedong, was completed in 1977. A revised edition of the entire set integrating the most recent scholarship on the Histories is being prepared.[3]

On December 19, 2011, The China Publishing and Media Holdings Company (中国出版传媒股份有限公司) was founded to become the parent company of the Zhonghua Book Company.[4]

Subsidiaries edit

  • Shanghai Zhonghua Printing Co., Ltd. (上海中华印刷有限公司): Originally established in 1912 as Chung Hwa Book Co., Shanghai (中華書局印刷所). In 1966, it was renamed to Zhonghua Printing Factory (上海中华印刷厂). In 1988, it was changed into a limited liability company according to the Company Law of the People's Republic of China in 1998. In 2008, Shanghai Zhonghua Printing Co., Ltd. was moved to Qingpu Industrial Park.[5][6]

Former subsidiaries edit

    Central Bank of China 100,000 Gold Yuan 1949 printed by Chung Hwa Book Co., Ltd.
    Reverse with Chung Hwa Book Co., Ltd. at bottom centre
    Chung Hwa Book Company, Limited (台灣中華書局股份有限公司): Originally established in 1945 in Taipei, Taiwan. In August 1949, the Chung Hwa Book's Shanghai headquarter was relocated to Taipei. Chung Hwa Book Company, Limited (中華書局股份有限公司) was registered in Hong Kong in 1949-01-20. The Taiwan headquarters was officially separated from the Chung Hwa Book operations in PRC in 1950-10-08. The Taiwanese company was later registered in 1951 in Taiwan, and renamed to Chung Hwa Book Company, Limited (台灣中華書局股份有限公司) in 1952-09-19. The Hong Kong registration was renewed in 1984-08-31 under the old registered names, but with location set to People's Republic of China.
    Central Bank of China 1931 (no date) 10 cents
    Chung Hwa Book Company (Hong Kong) Limited (中華書局(香港)有限公司): Originally established in 1927 in Queen's Road Central, Hong Kong. In 1988, it was renamed to Chung Hwa Book Company (Hong Kong) Limited (中華書局(香港)有限公司) and re-registered as a subsidiary of Sino United Publishing (Holdings) Limited (香港聯合出版(集團)有限公司),[7] with incorporation on 1988-06-16.
  • Enjoy Time (慢讀時光): A branch of Chung Hwa Book Co. (H.K.) Ltd., located in Hong Kong Central Library.
  • Manga Shop (動漫世界): A branch of Chung Hwa Book Co. (H.K.) Ltd. specializing in Japanese comic books and a dealer of the Japanese chain Animate, located in Mong Kok. Established in 2012, the name was changed to Manga Shop when a prior Animate shop had opened in Hong Kong over a decade ago.[8][9]
    Reverse with Chung Hwa Book Co., Ltd.
    ? (中华书局图书馆): Originally established in 1916 within the Zheng An road factory. In 1925, it was renamed to its current name (中华书局图书馆). In 1935, it was moved into the 4th floor of the newly built Macau factory. Between April and June 1978, it was moved to the Ci Hai Editing Institute building at Shanxi North Road, which was later owned by Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House.[11]
  • ? (中華書局香港印刷廠): Originally established in 1933 in Pak Tai Street, To Kwa Wan, Kowloon as a printer for CHBC's Hong Kong branch. In 1980, it was merged with ? (商務印書館香港印刷廠) and ? (大千印刷公司) into C & C Joint Printing Co., (H.K.) Ltd. (中華商務聯合印刷(香港)有限公司).

Representative publications edit

References edit

Citations edit

  1. ^ Wilkinson 2012, p. 866.
  2. ^ "1 Jiao / 10 Cents, China". en.numista.com. Retrieved 2023-07-09.
  3. ^ Wilkinson 2012, p. 629.
  4. ^ 组织机构. China Publishing and Media Holdings Company.
  5. ^ 公司简介. zhprint.com.cn.
  6. ^ 发展历史. zhprint.com.cn.
  7. ^ 出版社 (Chung Hwa Book Co.,(H.K.)LTD). tibe.org.tw.
  8. ^ Animate在港開店!. cuhkacs.org (in Chinese (Hong Kong)).
  9. ^ 中華書局反傳統夥連鎖店辦「動漫世界」 (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Yahoo News Hong Kong.
  11. ^ 6、中华书局图书馆. Zhonghua Book Company.

Sources edit

Works cited

Further reading edit

External links edit