Zhaotong

Zhaotong (Chinese: 昭通) is a prefecture-level city located in the northeast corner of Yunnan province, China, bordering the provinces of Guizhou to the south and southeast and Sichuan to the northeast, north, and west.

Zhaotong

昭通市
凤凰山上看昭通 - panoramio.jpg
Location of Zhaotong in Yunnan
Location of Zhaotong in Yunnan
Coordinates (Zhaotong municipal government): 27°20′17″N 103°43′01″E / 27.338°N 103.717°E / 27.338; 103.717Coordinates: 27°20′17″N 103°43′01″E / 27.338°N 103.717°E / 27.338; 103.717
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
GB/T 2260530600
Prefecture seatZhaoyang District
Area
 • Total23,192 km2 (8,954 sq mi)
Elevation
1,926 m (6,319 ft)
Population
 • Total5,459,000
 • Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
657000
Area code(s)0870
ISO 3166 codeCN-YN-06
License plate prefixes云C
GDP (2007)CNY 22.54 billion
 - per capitaCNY 4,346
Yunnan e-Portal
Zhaotong
Chinese昭通
PostalChaotung

HistoryEdit

Zhaotong has historic and cultural links to the Shu (Sichuan basin) region. Yi people consider Zhaotong as their homeland (called Zizipuwu). Zhaotong was part of Zhuti County (朱提縣) during Han to Tang dynasty. Zhaotong belong to the Nanzhao then Dali Kingdom until the Mongols destroyed the latter in the 13th century. During the Yuan dynasty, it became the Wumeng Commandery (乌蒙路), during which many Hui Muslims settled in the area. During the Qing dynasty, local tusi chieftains were removed, the region was renamed Zhaotong Prefecture.

ClimateEdit

 
Zhaotong (labeled as CHAO-T'UNG (EN-AN) 昭通 (恩安)) (1954)

Influenced by the low latitude and moderate elevation, Zhaotong has a temperate subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), with cool, dry winters, and warm, humid summers. Temperatures frequently drop below freezing at night in winter, though the days warm up to around 10 °C (50 °F). Conversely, in summer, average highs rise to 25 °C (77 °F). A great majority of the year's rainfall occurs from May to September.

PopulationEdit

DemographyEdit

The prefecture, almost exclusively agricultural, is one of the poorest in China, which led the authorities to encourage young people to migrate to eastern and southern parts of China to find work. For the year 2003, the number of emigrants was 650,000.

The government wanted the number to increase by 50,000 in 2004.

ReligionEdit

It is the seat of the Latin Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of Zhaotong.

EconomyEdit

The main industries in the prefecture are mining, tobacco and cement manufacturing

Zhaotong has some of the largest lignite sources in China. The 18,000-capacity Yuanbaoshan Stadium is also located in the city. It hosts many events, for example athletic events such as soccer matches.

TransportEdit

Zhaotong has several bridges over the Jinsha River, an upstream section of the Yangtze.

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Light green -Yi. Blue - miao.
Map
Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Zhaoyang District 昭阳区 Zhāoyáng Qū 787,845 2,240 352
Shuifu city 水富市 Shuǐfù Shì 102,143 319 320
Ludian County 鲁甸县 Lǔdiàn Xiàn 390,654 1,519 257
Qiaojia County 巧家县 Qiǎojiā Xiàn 516,349 3,245 159
Yanjin County 盐津县 Yánjīn Xiàn 369,881 2,096 176
Daguan County 大关县 Dàguān Xiàn 263,225 1,802 146
Yongshan County 永善县 Yǒngshàn Xiàn 394,267 2,833 139
Suijiang County 绥江县 Suíjiāng Xiàn 153,091 882 174
Zhenxiong County 镇雄县 Zhènxióng Xiàn 1,328,375 3,785 351
Yiliang County 彝良县 Yíliáng Xiàn 521,838 2,884 181
Weixin County 威信县 Wēixìn Xiàn 385,865 1,416 273

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit