Zhabinka

Zhabinka (Belarusian: Жабінка, [ˈʐabʲinka]; Russian: Жабинка; Yiddish: זשאבינקעZhabinke, Polish: Żabinka) is a city in the southwestern region of Brest, Belarus. It is the administrative center of the Zhabinka District. The population is 14,577.

Zhabinka

Жабінка
Flag of Zhabinka
Flag
Coat of arms of Zhabinka
Coat of arms
Zhabinka is located in Belarus
Zhabinka
Zhabinka
Coordinates: 52°12′02″N 24°01′24″E / 52.20056°N 24.02333°E / 52.20056; 24.02333
Country Belarus
RegionBrest Region
DistrictZhabinka District
Mentioned1817
Population
 (2019)
 • Total14,577
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
225101, 225102, 225110
Area code(s)+375 1641
License plate1

HistoryEdit

 
Zhabinka train station

Within the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Zhabinka was a part of Brest Litovsk Voivodeship. In 1795, Zhabinka was acquired by the Russian Empire as a result of the Third Partition of Poland. The name of the place was first mentioned in Russian official papers in 1817.

In 1882, a railway station was built here on the railway line that connected Warsaw, Brest and Moscow. It gave a powerful impetus to the development of the place. Within 2 decades Zhabinka turned from a village into a town, attracting people of commerce, after the station boosted the economic development of the place.

From 1921 until 1939, Zhabinka was part of the Second Polish Republic. In September 1939, Zhabinka was occupied by the Red Army and, on 14 November 1939, incorporated into the Byelorussian SSR.

From 23 June 1941 until 21 July 1944, Zhabinka was occupied by Nazi Germany and administered as a part of the Generalbezirk Wolhynien-Podolien of Reichskommissariat Ukraine.

For 125 years, the town has been sprawling along the road from the railway station southwards to the highway Brest-Moscow, that is the major transcontinental traffic artery E30 today. After World War II a big sugar refinery was built north of the railway line. A big settlement appeared around it.

Today Kirov Street starts form the railway station, runs across the town center with a big square and a park, further on southwards to the highway.

Notable residentsEdit

In 2004, a Polish woman named Floria Budziszewska, who risked her life to save two Jewish children in Zhabinka, was posthumously awarded the Righteous Among Nations title.[1]

GeographyEdit

Zhabinka is located on the Mukhavets River at the confluence of the tiny Zhabinka River, which is considered rather a creek. The town has the biggest in the district water reservoir Vizzhar (25 ha), which is located in the western part of the town.

There is a big square and a park in the center of the town.

The town occupies 9.11 km2.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Budziszewska Floria". The Righteous Among the Nations Database. Retrieved 2020-05-14.

External linksEdit


Coordinates: 52°12′02″N 24°01′24″E / 52.20056°N 24.02333°E / 52.20056; 24.02333