Zakroczym

Zakroczym ([zaˈkrɔt͡ʂɨm]; Yiddish: זאקראטשיןZakrotshin) is a small town in the Masovian Voivodeship, Poland. It is located at around 52°26′16″N 20°36′43″E / 52.43778°N 20.61194°E / 52.43778; 20.61194. The Vistula River flows through the town. Zakroczym has a long and rich history: in the Kingdom of Poland and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, it was the capital of an administrative unit (ziemia), part of Mazovian Voivodeship. Also, Zakroczym was a royal town of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland. The town lies at the intersection of two main roads - national road 62, and national road 7.

Zakroczym
Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross
Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross
Flag of Zakroczym
Flag
Coat of arms of Zakroczym
Coat of arms
Zakroczym is located in Poland
Zakroczym
Zakroczym
Zakroczym is located in Masovian Voivodeship
Zakroczym
Zakroczym
Coordinates: 52°26′16″N 20°36′43″E / 52.43778°N 20.61194°E / 52.43778; 20.61194Coordinates: 52°26′16″N 20°36′43″E / 52.43778°N 20.61194°E / 52.43778; 20.61194
Country Poland
VoivodeshipMasovian
CountyNowy Dwór Mazowiecki
GminaZakroczym
Established11th century
Town rights1422
Government
 • MayorArtur Ciecierski
Area
 • Total19.97 km2 (7.71 sq mi)
Elevation
67 m (220 ft)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total3,367
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
05-170
Area code(s)+48 22
Car platesWND
Websitehttp://www.zakroczym.pl

NameEdit

The name of Zakroczym comes from ancient Polish word zakrot, which means river crossing. Originally, the town was located closer to the Vistula river, and was called Kroczym or Kroczyn. Due to numerous floods, Zakroczym was moved to a higher location.

HistoryEdit

SightsEdit

 
Baroque Saint Lawrence church
  • Gothic-Renaissance Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross (15th or 16th century), rebuilt after World War II in 1949. In its northern and southern walls there are Swedish cannonballs,
  • Baroque Capuchin monastery and church of Saint Lawrence,
  • a monument dedicated to insurgents of 1830 and 1863, and to victims of the war,
  • castle hill, with a 19th-century manor house, built on 15th-century foundations. Original manor house was built before 1422 by Mazovian dukes,
  • traces of an 11th-century gord, located northeast of town, on a high bank of the Vistula. The gord, first mentioned in 1065, was burned in late 13th century, and later rebuilt.
  • Fort Nr. 1 Zakroczym (1883-1888).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wardzyńska, Maria (2009). Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. p. 228.
  2. ^ Wardzyńska, p. 244

External linksEdit