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Zagazig (Arabic: الزقازيقaz-Zaqāzīq  Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [ez.zæʔæˈziːʔ], rural: [ez.zæɡæˈziːɡ]; Coptic: ϫⲱⲕⲉϫⲓⲕ[1]) is a city in Lower Egypt. Situated in the eastern part of the Nile delta, it is the capital of the governorate of Sharqia.

Zagazig

الزقازيق
ϫⲱⲕⲉϫⲓⲕ
Egypt Zagazig Stadium Nov-2006.jpg
محافظة الشرقية - الزقازيق - مسجد القدس عند أول طريق المنصورة.jpg
Alfath.Mosq.In.Zagazig مسجد الفتح بالزقازيق 2014-09-29 0137 DSCN0142.JPG
محافظة الشرقية - الزقازيق - ساعة محطة القطارات.jpg
Overview of Zagazig
Zagazig is located in Egypt
Zagazig
Zagazig
Location within Egypt
Coordinates: 30°34′N 31°30′E / 30.567°N 31.500°E / 30.567; 31.500
Country Egypt
GovernorateSharqia
Founded1830
Population
 (2018)
 • Total529,200
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
Area code(s)+(20) 55

It is located on the Muweis Canal and is the chief hub of the corn and cotton trade. There is a museum of antiquities, the Sharkeya National Museum (sometimes called the Amed Orabi Museum, at Herriat Raznah) that contains many important archaeological exhibits (currently closed for restoration).[2]

Zagazig University, one of the largest universities in Egypt, is also located in the city, with colleges in different fields of science and arts. The Archaeological Museum of the University of Zagazig exhibits significant finds from the nearby sites, Bubastis (Tell Basta) and Kufur Nigm.[3] Also there is a branch for Al-Azhar University, the largest Islamic university in the world.

Zagazig is the birthplace of famous Coptic Egyptian journalist, philosopher and social critic, Salama Moussa.

The most notable streets in Zagazig are Farouk St., Government St. and El Kawmia St.

HistoryEdit

The ruins of the ancient Egyptian city of Bubastis are located 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) southeast of town. Bubastis was the ancient capital of the 18th nome, and is home to the feast celebrating the cat goddess Bastet.

Bubastis is the Greek version of the Egyptian language name Pr-Bastet "House [Temple] of Bastet". Bubastis became the capital of Egypt in the 22nd and 23rd Dynasties. There are remains of the temples built by Osorkon II and Nectanebo II. Catacombs where the sacred cats were buried are located behind an Old Kingdom chapel remains that are from the period of Pepi I Meryre.

ClimateEdit

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh), as the rest of Egypt.

Climate data for Zagazig
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
19.4
(66.9)
22.7
(72.9)
26.9
(80.4)
31.2
(88.2)
33.6
(92.5)
33.6
(92.5)
33.5
(92.3)
31.4
(88.5)
29.3
(84.7)
24.5
(76.1)
19.8
(67.6)
27.0
(80.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.9
(53.4)
13
(55)
15.7
(60.3)
19.2
(66.6)
23.2
(73.8)
26
(79)
26.9
(80.4)
26.8
(80.2)
24.7
(76.5)
22.6
(72.7)
18.8
(65.8)
13.9
(57.0)
20.2
(68.4)
Average low °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
6.8
(44.2)
8.8
(47.8)
11.6
(52.9)
15.2
(59.4)
18.4
(65.1)
20.2
(68.4)
20.1
(68.2)
18
(64)
16
(61)
13.2
(55.8)
8
(46)
13.5
(56.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.3)
4
(0.2)
4
(0.2)
2
(0.1)
2
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.1)
5
(0.2)
6
(0.2)
33
(1.4)
Source: Climate-Data.org[4]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sobhy, Georgy (1925). The transliteration of the Ancient Egyptian names of towns, villages, etc. into Arabic.
  2. ^ Catalogue: Mohamed I. Bakr, Helmut Brandl, Faye Kalloniatis (eds.): Egyptian Antiquities from the Eastern Nile Delta. ʾĀṯār misrīya (Museums in the Nile Delta. Vol. 2). Opaion, Cairo/ Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-00-045318-2.
  3. ^ Catalogue: M. I. Bakr, H. Brandl, F. Kalloniatis (eds.): Egyptian Antiquities from Kufur Nigm and Bubastis. ʾĀṯār misrīya (Museums in the Nile Delta. Vol. 1). Opaion, Cairo/ Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-00-033509-9.
  4. ^ "Climate: Al-Zaqaziq - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
  5. ^ "عائلات تحكم مصر.. 1 ـ 'الأباظية' عائلة الباشوات". Albawabhnews.com. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 December 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 30°34′N 31°30′E / 30.567°N 31.500°E / 30.567; 31.500