Ylöjärvi (Finnish: [ˈyløˌjærʋi]) is a town and a municipality in the Pirkanmaa region, 14 kilometres (9 mi) northwest of Tampere and 189 kilometres (117 mi) north of the capital city Helsinki in Finland. The town has a population of 33,529 (31 December 2021)[2] and covers an area of 1,324.14 square kilometres (511.25 sq mi) of which 208.62 km2 (80.55 sq mi) is water. The population density is 30.06 inhabitants per square kilometre (77.9/sq mi).

Ylöjärvi
Town
Ylöjärven kaupunki
Ylöjärvi stad
Ylöjärvi library
Ylöjärvi library
Coat of arms of Ylöjärvi
Location of Ylöjärvi in Finland
Location of Ylöjärvi in Finland
Coordinates: 61°33′N 023°35′E / 61.550°N 23.583°E / 61.550; 23.583Coordinates: 61°33′N 023°35′E / 61.550°N 23.583°E / 61.550; 23.583
Country Finland
RegionPirkanmaa
Sub-regionTampere sub-region
Charter1869
Town2004
Government
 • Town managerJarkko Sorvanto resigned on Jan-7 2021 due to litigious situation in town leadership. The position is currently open, town management representatives will interview 5 candidates in the final round (status on Mar-26).
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total1,324.14 km2 (511.25 sq mi)
 • Land1,115.47 km2 (430.69 sq mi)
 • Water208.62 km2 (80.55 sq mi)
 • Rank69th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total33,529
 • Rank34th largest in Finland
 • Density30.06/km2 (77.9/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.2% (official)
 • Swedish0.3%
 • Others1.5%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1420.8%
 • 15 to 6460.7%
 • 65 or older18.5%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]20.5%
Unemployment rate21%
Websitewww.ylojarvi.fi

Ylöjärvi is mostly a rural town. It does not have a clear center; the Tampere–Vaasa highway (E12) and the Tampere–Seinäjoki railway divide the municipality's town center into two major distinct parts: the church village and Soppeenmäki. The railway, completed in 1971, has no passenger seats in the Ylöjärvi area, so buses handle all public transport.[6] The population has increased rapidly in recent years. In 1990 it was slightly over 18,000, while on December 31, 2011 it was 30,942.

The neighbouring municipalities are Hämeenkyrö, Ikaalinen, Kihniö, Nokia, Parkano, Ruovesi, Tampere and Virrat. The municipality of Viljakkala was consolidated with Ylöjärvi on January 1, 2007. The municipality of Kuru was consolidated with Ylöjärvi on January 1, 2009. The coat of arms of Ylöjärvi was designed by Gustaf von Numers and it was confirmed in 1954.[7]

Results of the 2021 Finnish municipal elections, resulted in the True Finns being the largest group on Ylöjärvi council, in Ylöjärvi.[8]

HistoryEdit

The chapel parish of Ylöjärvi was founded in 1779 by separating it from Pirkkala.[9][10] The first church in Ylöjärvi, located on the site of the current church, was completed in 1781, but was destroyed in a fire caused by lightning in 1842.[10] Ylöjärvi was founded as a municipality in 1869. Since January 1, 2004, it has been known as a town (kaupunki). The Finnish Museum of Refrigeration also locates at Ylöjärvi.[11]

DemographicsEdit

The following graph shows the population development of the city since 1805. The diagram uses the area division in force at the time.

Ylöjärvi's population growth in 1805–2020
Year Population
1805
1 336
1860
2 338
1900
3 098
1930
4 3041
1964
8 809
1996
19 293
2010
30 5002
2016
32 799
2020
33 216
Notes:

1 Lielahti was annexed to Tampere in 1950
2 Viljakkala was annexed to Ylöjärvi in 2007 and Kuru in 2009

Sources: Statistics Finland;[12] Historian suursanakirja.[13]

CultureEdit

FoodEdit

In the 1980s, overly sweeted limppu and the "sauna smoked" ham were named Ylöjärvi's traditional parish dishes.[14]

Tree MountainEdit

The town is the location of Tree Mountain, Land Art by Agnes Denes. This work was conceived in 1983, and construction was announced by the Finnish government at the 1992 Earth Summit. Construction was complete in 1996, and the site is legally protected for the next 400 years.[15] Tree Mountain was dedicated in June 1996 by the President of Finland.[16]

Notable peopleEdit

The rock band Eppu Normaali originates in Ylöjärvi.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Ylöjärvi is twinned with:

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ Jussi Iltanen: Radan varrella: Suomen rautatieliikennepaikat, p. 136. Helsinki: Karttakeskus, 2010. (in Finnish)
  7. ^ Mitä-Missä-Milloin 1980, p. 174. (in Finnish)
  8. ^ "Finns Party gains, NCP top as turnout dips in Finnish local elections".
  9. ^ Tuohitorventien sukututkimuspiste – Seurakuntien pääpiirteittäinen jakautuminen (in Finnish)
  10. ^ a b YLÖJÄRVI – Svala & Joutsi (in Finnish)
  11. ^ "Kylmämuseo". Suomen jäähdytysalan museo. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Väestö kielen mukaan sekä ulkomaan kansalaisten määrä ja maa-pinta-ala alueittain 1980 – 2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. March 29, 2017. Retrieved October 26, 2021.
  13. ^ Kaisu-Maija Nenonen & Ilkka Teerijoki (1998). Historian suursanakirja (in Finnish). WSOY. ISBN 951-0-22044-2.
  14. ^ Jaakko Kolmonen: Kotomaamme ruoka-aitta: Suomen, Karjalan ja Petsamon pitäjäruoat, p. 80. Helsinki: Patakolmonen Ky., 1988. (in Finnish)
  15. ^ "Tree Mountain". 5 April 2006. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
  16. ^ "Finnish Parliament documents". Retrieved 2010-09-06.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Ylöjärvi at Wikimedia Commons

  • [1] – Official website