Yiyuan (Chinese: 沂源; pinyin: Yíyuán; Wade-Giles: iyüan) is a county in the centre of China's Shandong province and is located in the deep Tai-yi Mountains, and is the southernmost county-level division under the jurisdiction of Zibo City. It had a population of 576,000 according to the county government, of which 104,200 lives in the county town. Yiyuan has the nickname of “Roof of Shandong” because of its highest average altitude among all counties within the province.
Location in Zibo
|Coordinates (Yiyuan County government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Water||1,636 km2 (632 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard Time)|
Yiyuan county is home to a number of archaeological finds, particularly humanoid fossils. One such fossil, referred to as the "Yiyuan ape-man fossil" is estimated to date back between 400,000 and 500,000 years ago. Yiyuan people are also pround of local phicically cultural findings left by the Palæolithic and Neolithic Ages as well as all cultural findings from since the Shang Dynasty. The county is thought to be the setting for the famous Chinese legend of The Cowherd and the Weaver Girl. It is estimated by the county government that 23,000 people from Yiyuan fought during the Japanese Invasion of China. Of these 23,000 people, approximately 1,800 are thought to have died, with another 2,100 thought to be injured.
Yiyuan is located in the middle of Shandong Province, approximately 100 km (62 mi) away from Jinan and Zibo, and 170 km (110 mi) away from Qingdao. The county town is located beside one of the most important rivers in the province- the Yi River, and the name "沂源" literally means "the beginning of (the) Yi (River)".
Yiyuan County is generally mountainous, with the highest peak, the Lu Mountain, having an altitude of 1,108 m (3,635 ft). 58% of the county is covered with forests, which has helped it receive a number of titles from the national government.
- 沂源县人民政府 沂源概况. Yiyuan County People's Government. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
- "Shandong history and culture - China.org.cn". www.china.org.cn. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
- "Hometown of 'The Cowherd and the Weaving Girl': Yiyuan, Shandong - People's Daily Online". en.people.cn. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
- 2019年统计用区划代码 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2019. Archived from the original on 2020-09-24. Retrieved 2020-09-24.