Yerupajá is a mountain of the Huayhuash mountain range in west central Peru, part of the Andes. It's located at Áncash, Bolognesi Province, Lauricocha Province. At 6,635 metres (21,768 ft) (other sources: 6,617 m (21,709 ft))[citation needed] it is the second-highest in Peru and the highest in the Huayhuash mountain range. The summit is the highest point in the Amazon River watershed, and was first reached in 1950 by Jim Maxwell and Dave Harrah, and its northern peak (Yerupajá Norte) in 1968 by the Wellingtonian Roger Bates and Graeme Dingle. Many visitors consider Yerupajá to be the most spectacular peak in South America.

East Face, Yerupajá, May 2006
Highest point
Elevation6,635 m (21,768 ft)[1]
Prominence2,025 metres (6,644 ft)[1]
Parent peakHuascaran
Coordinates10°16′06.59″S 076°54′16.92″W / 10.2684972°S 76.9047000°W / -10.2684972; -76.9047000
Yerupajá is located in Peru
LocationPeru, Ancash Region
Parent rangeAndes, Huayhuash mountain range
First ascent31/07/1950 - David Harrah and Jim Maxwell (USA)
Easiest routeglacier/snow/ice climb

There have been only a few successful ascents of the peak because it is one of the hardest Andean high peaks to climb. The most popular route is the southwest face. The approach is normally made from Huaraz southwards via Chiquián and Jahuacocha.

Notable ascents edit

  • 1950 Southern flank of West Face FA[clarification needed] of peak by David Harrah and James Maxwell.[2]
  • 1966 Direct West Face 2nd ascent of peak, FA of route over 13 days by Leif Patterson and Jorge Peterek.[2]
  • 1968 Northeast Face FA of route by Chris Jones and Paul Dix (summit, July 30), supported by Dean Caldwell and Roger Hart (all US).[3]
  • 1969 East Face by Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler.[4]
  • 2002 Main summit solo by Santiago Quintero (July 15)[5]

Elevation edit

Based on the elevation provided by the available Digital elevation models, SRTM2 (6558m with voids[6]), SRTM filled with ASTER (6551m with voids[7]), TanDEM-X(6110m with voids[8]), Yerupaja is about 6635 meters above sea level.[9][1] This altitude was considered due to the lack of topographic data or even handheld GPS data.[1]

The height of the nearest key col is 4592 meters,[9] so its prominence is 2025 meters. Yerupaja is listed as range or area, based on the Dominance system [10] and its dominance is 30.6%. Its parent peak is Huascaran Sur and the topographic isolation is 148.8 kilometers.[1] This information was obtained during a research by Suzanne Imber in 2014.[11]

The south face of Yerupaja

See also edit

External links edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Yerupaja". Andes Specialists. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  2. ^ a b Graber, Michael (December 1995). "Yerupaja - The West Face Direct". Climbing (93): 30. ISSN 0045-7159.
  3. ^ Jones, Chris (1969). Carter, H. Adams (ed.). "Yerupaja - The Amazon Face". American Alpine Journal. Philadelphia, PA, US: American Alpine Club. 16 (43): 271–274.
  4. ^ "AAC Publications - South America, Peru, Other Ranges, Yerupajá, Northeast Face and East Spur, Cordillera Huayhuash". Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  5. ^ "AAC Publications - South America, Peru, Cordillera Huayhuash, Nevado Yerupaja Grande". Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  6. ^ NASA, Jet Propulsion Laboratory. "Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission - Filled Data V2". Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  7. ^ "ASTER GDEM Project". Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  8. ^ TanDEM-X, TerraSAR-X. "Copernicus Space Component Data Access". Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Andean Mountains - All above 5000m". Andes Specialists. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  10. ^ "Dominance - Page 2". Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  11. ^ ap507. "Academic and adventurer describes the incredible task of climbing and cataloguing one of the most remote regions of the South American Andes mountains — University of Leicester". Retrieved 2020-04-12.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)