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Yenikapı Transfer Center (Turkish: Yenikapı Aktarma Merkezi), referred to as Yenikapı, is an underground transportation complex in Istanbul. It is located in south-central Fatih in the neighborhood of Yenikapı, hence the name of the hub. The complex is right next to the, indefinitely closed, Yenikapı railway station and a short walk away from the Yenikapı Ferry Terminal and İDO ferry service. Yenikapı complex links two stations of Istanbul Metro to a railway station of the Turkish State Railways on the trans-Bosphorus Marmaray tunnel.[5] Yenikapı is the largest rapid transit station in Turkey.

Yenikapı Aktarma Merkezi
TCDD Taşımacılık railway and Istanbul Metro rapid transit complex
Yenikapı center hall.jpg
The central hall of the Yenikapı complex with the turnstiles to the Marmaray platform visible.
LocationGazi Mustafa Kemal Paşa Cd. & Namık Kemal Cd., Aksaray Mah., 34096
Fatih/Istanbul
Turkey
Coordinates41°00′19″N 28°57′06″E / 41.0053°N 28.9516°E / 41.0053; 28.9516Coordinates: 41°00′19″N 28°57′06″E / 41.0053°N 28.9516°E / 41.0053; 28.9516
Owned byIstanbul Metropolitan Municipality
Line(s)TCDD Taşımacılık
Istanbul Metro
Line M1 M1A
Line M1 M1B
Line M2 M2
Platforms5 (2 side platforms, 3 island platforms
Tracks7
ConnectionsBSicon BOOT.svg İDO at Yenikapı Terminal
Bus interchange İETT Bus:[1] 71AT, 72YT, 81, BN1, BN2, BN3, YH-1, YT-1
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Parking400 spaces[2]
Disabled accessYes
History
Opened29 October 2013 (Marmaray)
15 February 2014[3] (M2)
9 November 2014[4] (M1A, M1B)
Services
Preceding station   TCDD Taşımacılık   Following station
toward Halkalı
Marmaray
toward Gebze
Preceding station   Istanbul Metro   Following station
Line M1Terminus
toward Kirazlı
Line M1
TerminusLine M2
toward Hacıosman

Contents

HistoryEdit

Construction of the Marmaray project started at Yenikapı in May 2004. The new Yenikapı station site was chosen to be just north of the existing railway station and would be built underground as part of the trans-Bosphorus tunnel. Yenikapı was expected to be completed in December 2009 but due to archaeological findings at the construction site delayed the project by four years. In 2008 plans to extend the M2 and the M1 lines south were finalized and Yenikapı was chosen as the southern terminus. Construction of the M2's southern extension started in January 2009 with the Golden Horn Metro Bridge across the Golden Horn. The project was expected to open in August 2010,[6] but due to delays it wasn't opened until 2014. The Marmaray section was the first part of the complex to open, entering service on 29 October 2013. The M2 section opened on 15 February 2014, followed by the M1 section on 9 November 2014.

M1 platformEdit

Yenikapı
Istanbul Metro rapid transit station
 
M1A train from Atatürk Airport arriving on track 1.
Owned byIstanbul Metropolitan Municipality
Line(s)  M1A
  M1B
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks2
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Parking400 spaces[2]
Disabled accessYes
History
Opened9 November 2014[4] (M1A, M1B)
Electrified750 V DC Overhead line
Services
Preceding station   Istanbul Metro   Following station
 Terminus
toward Kirazlı
 

The M1 platform is the newest part of the Yenikapı complex, completed in November 2014. It is the eastern terminal station for the M1 line and has two side platforms serviced by two tracks. M1A service departs from track 1 to Atatürk Havalimanı (Atatürk Airport) while M1B service departs from track 2 to Kirazlı.

LayoutEdit

Side platform, doors will open on the right
Track 2   toward Kirazlı (Aksaray)
Track 1   toward Atatürk Havalimanı (Aksaray)
Side platform, doors will open on the left

M2 platformEdit

Yenikapı
Istanbul Metro rapid transit station
 
The center track on which most trains arrive and depart.
Owned byIstanbul Metropolitan Municipality
Line(s)  M2
Platforms2 island platforms
Tracks3
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Parking400 spaces[2]
Disabled accessYes
History
Opened15 February 2014[3]
Electrified750 V DC Third rail
Services
Preceding station   Istanbul Metro   Following station
Terminus 
toward Hacıosman

The M2 platforms were opened on 15 February 2014 and is the southern terminus of the M2 line. Having three tracks and two island platforms along with a high ceiling, it is the largest station in the complex. Most trains use the center track while the Spanish solution method of boarding and de-boarding are used via the two island platforms. The walls and pillars are decorated with transparent Turquoise tiles and other ceramics. Escalators lead up to the station lobby and are adjacent to the escalators to the Marmaray platform.

LayoutEdit

Track 2
Island platform, doors will open on the left  
Track 3   toward Hacıosman (Vezneciler)
Island platform, currently unused  
Track 1

Marmaray platformEdit

Yenikapı
TCDD Taşımacılık commuter rail station
 
A westbound train departing the station.
Owned byTurkish State Railways
Line(s)
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Disabled accessYes
History
Opened29 October 2013
Electrified25 kV, 50 Hz AC Overhead line
Traffic
Passengers (2017)50,615 Average daily ridership[7]
Services
Preceding station   TCDD Taşımacılık   Following station
toward Halkalı
Marmaray
toward Gebze

The Turkish State Railways (TCDD) services Yenikapı via an island platform on the newly constructed trans-Bosphorus Marmaray rail tunnel. This portion, opened on 29 October 2013, was the first part of the complex that was opened to the public. Trains run between Kazlıçeşme (west of Yenikapı) and Ayrılık Çeşmesi (east of Yenikapı, on the Asian side) within 10-minute intervals. Once the rehabilitation of the existing rail lines are complete, Marmaray commuter service will run west to Halkalı and east to Gebze. This service is expected to commence in 2016.

Construction of the Marmaray tunnel started in 2004 and was expected to open in April 2009. However, due to several important archaeological discoveries at Yenikapı, the opening was delayed until October 2013.[8][9]

Yenikapı saw 1.4 million boardings in February 2017, making it the busiest station on the Marmaray system as well as making up 29% of all passenger boardings on the line.

LayoutEdit

Track 1 Marmaray toward Kazlıçeşme
Island platform  
Track 2 Marmaray toward Ayrılık Çeşmesi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Yenikapı Marmaray - Duraktan Geçen Hatlar" (in Turkish). Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b c İSPARK Yenikapı - rayhaber.com
  3. ^ a b M2 Yenikapı-Hacıosman - İstanbul Ulaşım A.Ş.
  4. ^ a b M1 Yenikapı-Havaalanı-Kirazlı - İstanbul Ulaşım A.Ş.
  5. ^ Aktarma Merkezi
  6. ^ METRO'DA DEV ADIM: HALİÇ KÖPRÜSÜ İNŞAATI RESMEN BAŞLADI - wowturkey.com
  7. ^ Marmaray yolcu istatistiği - marmaray.gov.tr
  8. ^ Marmaray tunnel opens to Link Europe with Asia - Railway Gazette International, 29 October 2013
  9. ^ TCDD launches Eskişehir - Konya high-speed rail service - Railway Gazette International, 28 March 2013