In Hindu legends, Yashoda (Sanskrit: यशोदा [Yaśodā]), also spelt as Yasodha, is the foster-mother of Krishna and wife of Nanda. She is described in the Puranic texts of Hinduism. According to Bhagavata Purana, Krishna was born to Devaki, but Krishna's father Vasudeva brought the newborn Krishna to his cousin brother Nanda Baba in Gokul, in order to raise and protect Krishna from Devaki's brother Kansa, the king of Mathura.
|Texts||Bhagavata Purana, Harivamsa, Mahabharata, Vishnu Purana, Brahmavaivarta Purana|
According to Bhagavata Purana, Yashoda was the incarnation of Dhara, wife of Vasu Drona. Little is known about Yashoda's early life, other than her marriage with Nanda. Kansa, the ruler of Mathura had decided to kill Krishna as soon as he was born. In order to protect Krishna from Kansa, Krishna and Yoganidra or YogaMāya were born at the same time from the wombs of Devaki and Yashoda, respectively, and were exchanged by Vasudeva Anakadundubhi. Krishna survived as the foster son of Yashoda.
Neither Lord Brahmā, nor Lord Śiva, nor even the goddess of fortune (Goddess Mahalakshmi), who is always the better half of the Supreme Lord, can obtain from the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the deliverer from this material world, such mercy as received by mother Yaśodā— Srimad Bhagavatam, Canto 10, Chapter 9, Verse 20
Important among them is Krishna giving darshan to Yashoda with his Vishwaroopa (his Divine Form). Ved Vyasa states in Mahabharata that sage Narada once visited Krishna at Brindavan. Krishna was playing in the sand and was swallowing it. Yashoda, upon seeing it, was furious with Krishna for disobeying her and punished him by tying him to a grinding stone. Upon witnessing this act Sage Narada stated "Enna Thavam Saidhanai, Yashoda" ("What penance have You (Mother Yashoda) undertaken to be bestowed with the powers to punish the supreme (Narayana))". This is also seen as a question to Narayana as to how he accepts this. It literally asks what penance Yashoda has undertaken in her previous birth to be bestowed with the powers to punish, love, and care for the Supreme Vishnu.
Upon this request, it is said that Krishna opens his mouth in front of Yashoda, who sees the Seven Oceans and the entire Universe and also Narayana seated upon Adishesha (The Divine Snake), attended upon by his consort Mahalakshmi. Upon this divine intervention, Mother Yashoda faints, to be revived by Krishna and attended by Sage Narada, who explains to her about Krishna's life. Krishna stealing butter, Krishna tied to a mortar as written by poet-saint Surdas, where her deep affection for Krishna becomes an epitome of 'Vatsalya Prema', Mother's Love and even 'Vatsalya Bhakti’, Mother's Devotion.
Reincarnation of YashodaEdit
In the Dvapara Yuga, Yashoda couldn't witness the marriage of Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna promised her that she would get that chance of seeing his marriage when Lord Krishna incarnates again as Lord Venkateswara in the Kali Yuga. In the Kali Yuga, Yashoda was born as Vakula Devi, as the mother of Lord Venkateshwara and witnessed the marriage between Venkateshwara and Goddess Padmavathi.
1975 Telugu film Yashoda Krishna, directed by C. S. Rao, presented events in the life of Krishna (Krushn) and his attachment towards Yashoda. Sridevi played the role of the child Krishna in the film.
- Brahmavaivarta Purana Sri-Krishna Janma Khanda (Fourth Canto) Chapter 13.Verse 38 English translation by Shantilal Nagar Parimal Publications Link: https://archive.org/details/brahma-vaivarta-purana-all-four-kandas-english-translation
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- Brahmavaivarta Purana Sri-Krishna Janma Khanda (Fourth Canto) Chapter 13.Verse 39
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- Story of Krishna and Yashoda
- Krishna Tied to Mortar
- Maata Vachan
- Yashoda and Krishna
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- Yashoda Krishna, retrieved 2019-05-26
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