Yashoda (Yaśodā; संस्कृत: यशोदा), also spelt as Yasodha, Yashoda means one who is giver (da, दा) of Fame (Yash, यश). She is the foster-mother to the God Krishna (Krushn) and a wife of Nanda. She is described in the Puranic texts of Hinduism. Within the Bhagavata Purana, Krishna (Krushn) was born to Devaki, was given to Yashoda and Nanda in Gokul, exchanging her daughter Adi Parashakti with Krishna (Krushn)'s father Vasudeva on the night of his birth, for his protection from Devaki's brother, Kamsa, the king of Mathura.
Yashoda adorning Krishna by Raja Ravi Varma
|Children||Krishna and Balarama (adopted), Yogamaya (biological)|
Various childhood episodes or lilas of Krishna (Krushn), growing up in Yashoda's household, abound in Hindu religious texts. Important among them is Krishna (Krushn) giving darshan to Yashoda with his Vishwaroopa (his Divine Form). Ved Vyasa states that in Mahabharata, the main Epic that portrays Krishna (Krushn) as principal hero, sage Maharishi Narada once visited Krishna (Krushn) at Brindavan.
Krishna (Krushn) was playing in sand and was swallowing it. Mother Yashoda, upon seeing it, was furious with Krishna (Krushn) for disobeying her and punished him by tying him to a grinding stone. Upon witnessing this act Sage Narada stated "Enna Thavam Saidhanai, Yashoda" ("What penance have You (Mother Yashoda) undertaken to be bestowed with the powers to punish the supreme (Narayana))". This is also seen as a question to Naryana as to how he accepts this. It literally asks what penance Yashoda has undertaken in her previous birth to be bestowed with the powers to punish, love, and care for the Supreme Vishnu.
Upon this request it is said that Krishna (Krushn) opens his mouth in front of Yashoda, who sees the Seven Oceans and the entire Universe and also Narayana seated upon Adishesha (The Divine Snake), attended upon by his consort Mahalakshmi. Upon this divine intervention, Mother Yashoda faints, to be revived by Krishna (Krushn) and attended by Sage Narada, who explains to her about Krishna (Krushn)'s Life. Krishna (Krushn) stealing butter, Krishna (Krushn) tied to a mortar as written by poet-saint Surdas, where her deep affection for Krishna (Krushn) becomes an epitome of 'Vatsalya Prema', Mother's Love and even 'Vatsalya Bhakti’, Mother's Devotion.
She is the mother of SuBhadrā (YogaMāya) & God (BhagaVān) Shree Krishna (Krushn). YogaMāya (Durga Goddess) was born to her. Due to the influence of maya the whole world was asleep. As per Krishna's instruction the baby was exchanged by Vasudeva. Yasodha was unaware that she gave birth to a daughter. She thought that she gave birth to a putra (son) BhagaVān Shree Krishna (Krushn) and was more committed to Her son (Krishna) even after he returned to Mathura.
According to Devi Bhagwat Purana, Kansa, the ruler of Mathura had decided to kill Krishna (Krushn) as soon as he was born. In order to protect Krishna (Krushn) from Kansa, Krishna (Krushn) and Yoganidra or YogaMāya were born at the same time from the wombs of Devaki and Yashoda, respectively, and were exchanged by Vasudeva. Krishna (Krushn) survived as foster son of Yashoda. While Kansa tried to kill YogaMāya, she assumed her real form as Devi and flew to the sky. She then retired to dwell in Vindhya hills as Vindhyavasini Devi.
1975 Telugu film Yashoda Krishna, directed by C. S. Rao, presented events in the life of Krishna (Krushn) and his attachment towards Yashoda. Sridevi played the role of the child Krishna in the film.
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