XXI Constitutional Government of Portugal

The XXI Constitutional Government of Portugal (Portuguese: XXI Governo Constitucional de Portugal) was the 21st cabinet of the Portuguese government since the establishment of the current constitution. It was established on 26 November 2015 as a Socialist Party (PS) minority government led by Prime Minister António Costa, and ended on 26 October 2019.

XXI Constitutional Government of Portugal
XXI Governo Constitucional de Portugal
Flag of Portugal.svg
Cabinet of Portugal
António Costa 2014 (cropped).jpg
Prime Minister António Costa
Date formed26 November 2015; 6 years ago (2015-11-26)
Date dissolved26 October 2019 (2019-10-26) (3 years and 11 months)
People and organisations
President of the Portuguese RepublicAníbal Cavaco Silva, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Prime MinisterAntónio Costa (PS)
No. of ministers18 (including the Prime Minister)
Status in legislatureSocialist Party (PS) minority government,
supported (confidence and supply) by
Left Bloc (BE), Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) and Ecologist Party "The Greens" (PEV)
Opposition parties
History
Election(s)Portuguese legislative election, 2015
PredecessorXX Constitutional Government
SuccessorXXII Constitutional Government

BackgroundEdit

After the 2015 legislative election had resulted in a hung parliament, the leader of the Portugal Ahead alliance (PPD/PSD.CDS–PP), then Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho was given the task of forming a new government. However, as his minority government failed to secure support by any other party, notably the Socialist, the Government Programme was rejected by a vote of 123 to 107 deputies, leading to the government's disbandment within less than a month.[1]

In the meantime, Socialist Party secretary-general António Costa had succeeded in securing support for a Socialist minority government by the Left Bloc (BE), the Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) and the Ecologist Party "The Greens" (PEV), in a confidence and supply agreement. Subsequently, he was appointed as the new Prime Minister on 24 November 2015.[2] The cabinet members took their oath of office on 26 November 2015.

CompositionEdit

Ministry Name Party Term
Prime Minister António Costa Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Foreign Affairs Augusto Santos Silva Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Premiership and Administrative Modernization Maria Manuel Leitão Marques Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – 18 February 2019
Mariana Vieira da Silva Socialist Party 18 February 2019 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Finance Mário Centeno Independent 26 November 2015 – 26 October 2019
Minister of National Defence José Alberto Azeredo Lopes Independent 26 November 201512 October 2018
João Gomes Cravinho Independent 15 October 2018 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Internal Administration Constança Urbano de Sousa Independent 26 November 201518 October 2017
Eduardo Cabrita Socialist Party 21 October 2017 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Justice Francisca Van Dunem Independent 26 November 2015 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Economy

(position abolished on 15 October 2018)

Manuel Caldeira Cabral Independent 26 November 201515 October 2018
Deputy Minister

(position abolished on 15 October 2018)

Eduardo Cabrita Socialist Party 26 November 201521 October 2017
Pedro Siza Vieira Socialist Party 21 October 2017 – 15 October 2018
Deputy Minister and of Economy

(position created on 15 October 2018)

Pedro Siza Vieira Socialist Party 15 October 2018 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Culture João Soares Socialist Party 26 November 20158 April 2016
Luís Filipe Castro Mendes Independent 14 April 201615 October 2018
Graça Fonseca Socialist Party 15 October 2018 – 26 October 2019
MInister of Science, Technology and Higher Education Manuel Heitor Independent 26 November 2015 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Education Tiago Brandão Rodrigues Independent 26 November 2015 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Labour, Solidarity and Social Security José António Vieira da Silva Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Health Adalberto Campos Fernandes Independent 26 November 201515 October 2018
Marta Temido Independent 15 October 2018 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Planning and Infrastructure

(position abolished on 18 February 2019)

Pedro Marques Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – 18 February 2019
Minister of Planning

(position created on 18 February 2019)

Nelson de Souza Socialist Party 18 February 2019 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Infrastructure and Housing

(position created on 18 February 2019)

Pedro Nuno Santos Socialist Party 18 February 2019 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Environment

(position abolished on 15 October 2018)

João Pedro Matos Fernandes Independent 26 November 2015 – 15 October 2018
Minister of Environment and Energy Transition

(position created on 15 October 2018)

João Pedro Matos Fernandes Independent 15 October 2018 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Agriculture Luís Capoulas Santos Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – 26 October 2019
Minister of Sea Ana Paula Vitorino Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – 26 October 2019

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Angelique Chrisafis (10 November 2015). "Portuguese MPs force minority government to quit over austerity". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Presidente da República indicou Secretário-Geral do PS para Primeiro-Ministro" (in Portuguese). Presidência da República. 24 November 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2015.