XAMPP (/ˈzæmp/ or /ˈɛks.æmp/)[2] is a free and open-source cross-platform web server solution stack package developed by Apache Friends,[2] consisting mainly of the Apache HTTP Server, MariaDB database, and interpreters for scripts written in the PHP and Perl programming languages.[3][4] Since most actual web server deployments use the same components as XAMPP, it makes transitioning from a local test server to a live server possible.

XAMPP
Initial releaseSeptember 4, 2002; 21 years ago (2002-09-04)[1]
Stable release
8.2.12 / 19 November 2023; 4 months ago (2023-11-19)
Repositorysourceforge.net/projects/xampp
Operating system
PlatformIA-32 (Windows package only) and x64 (macOS and Linux packages only)
Size
  • Windows: 148 MB
  • Linux: 150 MB
  • macOS: 149 MB
Available in11 languages[citation needed]
List of languages
English, German, French, Dutch, Polish, Italian, Norwegian, Spanish, Chinese, Brazilian Portuguese, Japanese
TypeSolution stack
LicenseGNU General Public License
Websitewww.apachefriends.org

XAMPP's ease of deployment means a WAMP or LAMP stack can be installed quickly and simply on an operating system by a developer, with the advantage that common add-in applications such as WordPress and Joomla! can also be installed with similar ease using Bitnami.

Etymology edit

The Apache Friends website indicates that XAMPP stands for "XAMPP Apache + MariaDB + PHP + Perl", making it a recursive acronym. XAMPP formerly used MySQL, but this was replaced with MariaDB on 19 October 2015 and beginning with XAMPP versions 5.5.30 and 5.6.14,[5] altering the meaning of the acronym. It originally stood for Cross-Platform + Apache + MySQL + PHP + Perl.

Prerequisites edit

XAMPP requires only one zip, tar, 7z, or exe file to be downloaded and run, and little or no configuration of the various components that make up the web server is required. The Windows version of XAMPP requires Microsoft Visual C++ 2017 Redistributable.

Features edit

XAMPP is regularly updated to the latest releases of Apache, MariaDB, PHP and Perl. It also comes with a number of other modules, including OpenSSL, phpMyAdmin, MediaWiki, Joomla, WordPress and more.[6] Self-contained, multiple instances of XAMPP can exist on a single computer, and any given instance can be copied from one computer to another.[7] XAMPP is offered in both a full and a standard version (Smaller version).[7]

Usage edit

The most obvious characteristic of XAMPP is the ease at which a WAMP webserver stack can be deployed and instantiated.[8] Later, some common packaged applications that could be easily installed were provided by Bitnami.[9]

Officially, XAMPP's designers intended it for use only as a development tool, to allow website designers and programmers to test their work on their own computers without any access to the Internet. To make this as easy as possible, many important security features are disabled by default.[10] XAMPP has the ability to serve web pages on the World Wide Web.[11] A special tool is provided to password-protect the most important parts of the package.[12]

XAMPP also provides support for creating and manipulating databases in MariaDB and SQLite, among others.

Once XAMPP is installed, it is possible to treat a local host like a remote host by connecting using an FTP client. Using a program like FileZilla has many advantages when installing a content management system (CMS) like Joomla or WordPress[further explanation needed]. It is also possible to connect to localhost via FTP with an HTML editor.

Components edit

Components included with XAMPP 8.2.12[13]
Component On Windows On Linux On macOS
Apache 2.4.58 Yes Yes Yes
MariaDB 10.4.32 Yes Yes Yes
PHP 8.2.12 Yes Yes [14] Yes [14]
phpMyAdmin 5.2.1 Yes Yes Yes
OpenSSL 3.1.3 Yes Yes Yes
Webalizer Yes - 2.23-04 Yes - 2.23-05 Yes - 2.23-05
FileZilla FTP Server 0.9.41 Yes No No
Mercury Mail Transport System 4.63 Yes No No
Strawberry Perl 5.32.1.1 Portable Yes No No
Tomcat 8.5.96 (with mod_proxy_ajp as connector) Yes No No
XAMPP Control Panel 3.2.4 Yes No No
APR 1.5.2 No Yes Yes
APR-utils 1.5.4 No Yes Yes
cUrl 7.53.1 No Yes Yes
expat 2.0.1 No Yes Yes
FPDF 1.7 No Yes Yes
FreeTDS 0.91 No Yes Yes
Freetype2 2.4.8 No Yes Yes
GD 2.2.5 No Yes Yes
gdbm 1.8.3 No Yes Yes
gettext 0.19.8.1 No Yes Yes
ICU4C Library 66.1 No Yes Yes
IMAP C-Client 2007e No Yes Yes
libapreq 2.13 No Yes Yes
libpng 1.6.37 No Yes Yes
libxml 2.0.1 No Yes Yes
libxslt 1.1.33 No Yes Yes
mcrypt 2.5.8 No Yes Yes
mhash 0.9.9.9 No Yes Yes
Ming 0.4.5 No Yes Yes
mod_perl 2.0.8-dev No Yes Yes
ncurses 5.9 No Yes Yes
OpenLDAP (client) 2.4.48 No Yes Yes
pdf class 0.11.7 No Yes Yes
Perl 5.34.1 No Yes Yes
ProFTPD 1.3.6 No Yes Yes
Sablotron 1.0.3 No Yes Yes
zlib 1.2.11 No Yes Yes
Major component versions
XAMPP Apache MariaDB PHP Ref
8.0.0 2.4.46 10.4.17 8.0.0 [15]
8.0.1 2.4.46 10.4.17 8.0.1 [16]
8.0.2 2.4.46 10.4.17 8.0.2 [17]
8.0.3 2.4.46 10.4.18 8.0.3 [18]
8.0.5 2.4.47 10.4.18 8.0.5 [19]
8.0.6 2.4.47 10.4.19 8.0.6 [20]
8.0.7 2.4.48 10.4.19 8.0.7 [21]
8.0.8 2.4.48 10.4.20 8.0.8 [22]
8.0.9 2.4.48 10.4.20 8.0.9 [23]
8.0.10 2.4.48 10.4.21 8.0.10 [24]
8.0.11 2.4.51 10.4.21 8.0.11 [25]
8.0.13 2.4.51 10.4.22 8.0.13 [26]
8.0.14 2.4.52 10.4.22 8.0.14 [27]
8.0.15 2.4.52 10.4.22 8.0.15 [28]
8.0.17 2.4.52 10.4.24 8.0.17 [29]
8.0.18 2.4.53 10.4.24 8.0.18 [30]
8.0.19 2.4.53 10.4.24 8.0.19 [31]
8.0.25 2.4.54 10.4.27 8.0.25 [32]
8.0.28 2.4.56 10.4.28 8.0.28 [33]
8.1.0 2.4.51 10.4.22 8.1.0 [34]
8.1.1 2.4.52 10.4.22 8.1.1 [35]
8.1.2 2.4.52 10.4.22 8.1.2 [36]
8.1.4 2.4.52 10.4.24 8.1.4 [37]
8.1.5 2.4.53 10.4.24 8.1.5 [38]
8.1.6 2.4.53 10.4.24 8.1.6 [39]
8.1.10 2.4.54 10.4.24 8.1.10 [40]
8.1.12 2.4.54 10.4.27 8.1.12 [41]
8.1.17 2.4.56 10.4.28 8.1.17 [42]
8.2.0 2.4.54 10.4.27 8.2.0 [43]
8.2.4 2.4.56 10.4.28 8.2.4 [44]
8.2.12 2.4.58 10.4.32 8.2.12 [45]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "XAMPP". SourceForge. 9 April 2023.
  2. ^ a b "Interview with Kai Seidler from the XAMPP project". MySQL AB. Retrieved 2023-06-22.
  3. ^ "New XAMPP with MariaDB". apachefriends.org. 19 October 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-11-19. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  4. ^ "An easy to install Apache distribution containing MySQL, PHP, and Perl". SourceForge. Archived from the original on 2015-06-06. Retrieved 2015-06-07.
  5. ^ "New XAMPP with MariaDB". Apache Friends. Archived from the original on 2016-04-12. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  6. ^ "XAMPP Addons list". Apache Friends. 2015-04-21. Archived from the original on 2015-03-22. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  7. ^ a b "How to install XAMPP Software". Masunduh II. 2015-04-21. Archived from the original on 2015-07-09. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  8. ^ Gralla, Gabe (2011-04-22). "XAMPP for Windows". PCWord. IDG. Archived from the original on 2017-08-28. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  9. ^ "Bitnami for XAMPP". Apache Friends. Archived from the original on 2018-06-23. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  10. ^ "apache friends - xampp for windows". Apachefriends.org. Archived from the original on 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2008-12-19.
  11. ^ "Where XAMPP is used commonly and what it can do.". Owusu-Ansah Godfred. Archived from the original on 2015-06-19. Retrieved 2012-04-30.
  12. ^ "XAMPP for Linux". Archived from the original on 2012-05-01. Retrieved 2012-04-30.
  13. ^ "Apache Friends". Apache Friends. 2023-11-19. Retrieved 2023-11-25.
  14. ^ a b With PEAR + SQLite 2.8.17/3.38.5 + multibyte (mbstring) support
  15. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.0 Download". Apache Friends. 2020-12-04. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2020-12-04.
  16. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.1 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-01-19. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-01-20.
  17. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.2 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-02-09. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-02-10.
  18. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.3 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-03-13. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-03-13.
  19. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.5 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-05-04. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-05-04.
  20. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.6 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-05-11. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-05-11.
  21. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.7 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-06-08. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-06-08.
  22. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.8 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-07-09. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
  23. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.9 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-08-03. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  24. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.10 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-09-03. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  25. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.11 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-10-08. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-10-09.
  26. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.13 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-11-25. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-11-26.
  27. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.14 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-12-23. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-12-23.
  28. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.15 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-12-23. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-01-24.
  29. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.17 Download". Apache Friends. 2022-03-18. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  30. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.18 Download". Apache Friends. 2022-04-20. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-04-21.
  31. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.19 Download". Apache Friends. 2022-05-16. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-05-16.
  32. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.25 Download". Apache Friends. 2022-11-22. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-11-25.
  33. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.0.28 Download". Apache Friends. 2023-04-08. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2023-04-08.
  34. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.1.0 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-12-16. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-12-16.
  35. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.1.1 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-12-23. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2021-12-23.
  36. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.1.2 Download". Apache Friends. 2021-12-23. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-01-24.
  37. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.1.4 Download". Apache Friends. 2022-03-18. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  38. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.1.5 Download". Apache Friends. 2022-04-20. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-04-21.
  39. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.1.6 Download". Apache Friends. 2022-05-16. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-05-16.
  40. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.1.10 Download". Apache Friends. 2022-10-01. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-10-01.
  41. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.1.12 Download". Apache Friends. 2022-11-22. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-11-25.
  42. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.1.17 Download". Apache Friends. 2023-04-08. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2023-04-08.
  43. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.2.0 Download". Apache Friends. 2022-11-22. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-12-29.
  44. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.2.4 Download". Apache Friends. 2023-04-08. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2023-04-08.
  45. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 8.2.12 Download". Apache Friends. 2023-11-19. Archived from the original on 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2023-11-25.

External links edit