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The Woodlawn station (also known as Woodlawn–East 233rd Street station) is a commuter rail stop on the Metro-North Railroad's Harlem Line, serving the Woodlawn section of the Bronx, New York City. It is 11.8 miles (19.0 km) from Grand Central Terminal and is located on East 233rd Street near Webster Avenue in the Zone 2 Metro-North fare zone. Just north of the station is Woodlawn Junction, where the New Haven Line splits from the Harlem Line to join the Northeast Corridor.

Woodlawn
Woodlawn Station - April 2015.jpg
Woodlawn station in April 2015 from the outbound platform.
Location555 East 233rd Street
Woodlawn, Bronx, New York 10466
Coordinates40°53′44″N 73°51′46″W / 40.8955°N 73.8628°W / 40.8955; -73.8628Coordinates: 40°53′44″N 73°51′46″W / 40.8955°N 73.8628°W / 40.8955; -73.8628
Owned byMetro-North Railroad
Line(s)Harlem Line
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks4
ConnectionsNew York City Subway:
"2" train"5" train trains at 233rd Street
Local Transit NYCT Bus: Bx16, Bx31
Construction
ParkingYes; Metered and Private
Other information
Fare zone2
Electrified700V (DC) third rail
Traffic
Passengers (2007)295,880
Services
Preceding station MTA NYC logo.svg Metro-North Railroad Following station
Williams Bridge Harlem Line Wakefield
towards Wassaic
Former services
Preceding station New York Central Railroad Following station
Williams Bridge
toward New York
Harlem Division Wakefield
toward Chatham

HistoryEdit

The New York and Harlem Railroad laid tracks through Woodlawn during the mid-1840s as part of their effort to expand the line to Tuckahoe. A March 17, 1848 agreement gave the New York and New Haven Railroad trackage rights over the NY&H from Williamsbridge south into New York City. Service was shared by the NY&H as well as the NY&NH, which was merged with the Hartford and New Haven Railroad to form the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad in 1872, and the trackage rights along the Harlem Division remained intact.[1] Throughout the late-19th Century, the Harlem Division was widened and rebuilt into an open cut line as part of a grade elimination project, and Woodlawn Station was one of several in the Bronx that were rebuilt with a station house on a bridge over all four tracks, including Fordham, Melrose, the former Morrisania and Tremont stations.[2] The expansion of the line in the Bronx, prompted the New York Central and New Haven Railroads to convert the Woodlawn Junction into a flyover bridge between 1910 and 1915. Modifications were made to the junction in later years, most recently by Metro-North in 1986.

Due to the popularity of football games between the Fordham Rams and Yale Bulldogs in the 1920s, joint service between the New York Central Railroad and New York, New Haven and Hartford was moved from Woodlawn to Fordham Station.[3] Nevertheless, the station remained active. The realignment of the Bronx River Parkway between 1953 and 1955 converted the southbound lanes into off and on ramps to East 233rd Street via Webster Avenue. The northbound lanes were partially converted into a small parking lot for the station.[4][5][6]

As with other NYC stations in the Bronx, the station became a Penn Central station once the NYC & Pennsylvania Railroads merged in 1968. Penn Central acquired the New Haven Railroad in 1969, but the New Haven continued to stop only at Fordham station. However, because of the railroad's serious financial distress following the merger, commuter service was turned over to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority in 1972. The station house which was built over the tracks survived well into the 1970s.[7] The station became part of Metro-North Railroad in 1983.

In April 2014, Metro North installed a series of solar-powered electronic kiosks at the station that allowed commuters to access train and bus schedules without using internet access.[8]

Station layoutEdit

This station has two high-level side platforms, each four cars long.[9]:10 When trains stop at this station, normally the front four open cars receive and discharge passengers. Both platforms are accessible by stairway from East 233rd Street, and the western platform also accesses the station's parking lot on Webster Avenue, as well as the southbound Bronx River Parkway service road.

G Street level Exit/entrance and buses
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Track 4      Harlem Line toward Grand Central (Williams Bridge)
     New Haven Line does not stop here
Track 2      Harlem Line,      New Haven Line do not stop here
Track 1      Harlem Line,      New Haven Line do not stop here →
Track 3      New Haven Line does not stop here →
     Harlem Line toward North White Plains, Southeast or Wassaic (Wakefield)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Poor, Henry Varnum (1889). Manual of the Railroads of the United States. H.V. & H.W. Poor. p. 52.
  2. ^ Melrose Station, in the late 1800s
  3. ^ Station Reporter web-site: Harlem Line
  4. ^ Folsom, Merrill (January 17, 1953). "Bulldozers Rip Up Parkway's Beauty". The New York Times. p. 17. Retrieved April 24, 2010.
  5. ^ "Parkway Segment to Close for Year". The New York Times. January 31, 1953. p. 21. Retrieved April 24, 2010.
  6. ^ "Highway Link Reopened". The New York Times. February 19, 1955. p. 15. Retrieved April 24, 2010.
  7. ^ 1970's Woodlawn Penn Central Station Photo (Joseph D. Korman)
  8. ^ "MTA | news | MTA Testing Solar-Powered Kiosks with Real-Time Info". www.mta.info. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
  9. ^ "Metro-North Railroad Track & Structures Department Track Charts Maintenance Program Interlocking Diagrams & Yard Diagrams 2015" (PDF). Metro-North Railroad. 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2019.

External linksEdit